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Thesis: [FM]-eral | Mass Media | Radio - Scribd
Bac 2017 : conseils pour faire une dissertation. On Radio? Proposée par Sciences-Po et OpenClassrooms, cette fiche méthodologique, première d’une série de huit, détaille en vidéo et textes les règles à connaître pour réussir une dissertation. Gcse Methods Past Papers? Le Monde | 06.04.2016 à 09h43 • Mis a jour le 26.04.2017 à 13h19. On Radio? Cette fiche methodologique est proposee par Sciences-Po, associe a OpenClassrooms, pour accompagner les lyceens vers le bac et les etudes superieures. Describe Bedroom Essay? Nous republions progressivement sur Le Monde.fr/campus les huit fiches e-methodo concues par des enseignants de lycee et de Sciences Po : rediger une dissertation, un commentaire de texte, prendre des notes, lire une carte, faire une recherche sur Internet, organiser son temps durant un examen ou concours. La dissertation est l’exercice phare de l’enseignement des sciences humaines en France. Thesis On Radio? C’est une sorte de test de comprehension du cours , qui va mettre aussi a l’epreuve votre capacite de reflexion, votre capacite a argumenter et votre culture generale. Virginia Wolf? C’est surtout un exercice tres codifie , dont il faut respecter les regles si vous voulez le reussir. Thesis On Radio? Connaitre vos lecons ou reflechir vite ne suffira pas ! Le but de la dissertation est de vous inciter a structurer une reflexion coherente, ecrite et argumentee qui reponde a une problematique, en fonction de regles predefinies . Psychology Methods Past? Structurer = car il faut suivre un decoupage clair et progressif. Thesis On Radio? Coherente = car il faut que toutes les parties repondent a la problematique. Gcse Methods Papers? Ecrite = car c’est en ecrivant que l’on apprend a ecrire, que ce soit sur le plan stylistique, argumentatif, orthographique.
Argumentee = car chaque idee doit etre developpee, appuyee par un exemple, prouvee par la demonstration, pour convaincre le lecteur. On Radio? Problematique = car il faut degager un angle a partir du sujet donne. Write Way To . Follow The Layout? Regles predefinies = car c’est un exercice academique, et pour que tout le monde soit evaluable sur les memes criteres, il faut que tout le monde les respecte. On Radio? En sport, on sat essay, ne pourrait pas noter un participant qui jouerait au foot au milieu d’un tournoi de basket. On Radio? Ici, c’est identique, il faut suivre les regles sous-entendues par le terme de “dissertation”. The Best Way To Learn The Layout? Nous allons donc voir tous ces aspects incontournables de la dissertation en suivant la chronologie d’une epreuve. Thesis? Vous vous asseyez dans la salle d’examen pour realiser votre dissertation. Psychology Gcse Research Past Papers? D’abord, organisez-vous ! Reflechissez au temps que vous avez pour la faire, et fixez-vous une repartition du temps, que vous noterez tout de suite au brouillon. Thesis? C’est la meilleure facon pour ne pas vous laisser deborder. Pour l’epreuve d’entree a Sciences Po, vous devez faire votre composition en 2h30 environ. Psychology Methods Papers? Rendez-vous prochainement sur la fiche « Organiser son travail lors d’une epreuve limitee dans le temps » pour plus de renseignements.
Pour une epreuve de 4 heures et un plan en 3 parties, il vous faudra consacrer environ. Thesis? 10 minutes pour le choix du sujet. Penny Ice Cream? 15 minutes pour decortiquer le sujet et problematiser. Thesis? 20 minutes pour poser les idees en vrac. Penny Lick? 30 minutes pour concevoir le plan et ajouter les exemples. 15 minutes pour rediger l’introduction au brouillon. Thesis? 5 min pour rediger la conclusion provisoire au brouillon. Research? 5 minutes pour recopier l’introduction. On Radio? 40 minutes par partie. Virginia Wolf Essay? 10 minutes pour la conclusion.
Pour une epreuve de 5 heures et un plan en 3 parties, il vous faudra consacrer environ. Thesis? 10 minutes pour le choix du sujet. 15 minutes pour decortiquer le sujet et problematiser. Describe Your Essay? 25 minutes pour poser les idees en vrac. Thesis On Radio? 35 minutes pour concevoir le plan et ajouter les exemples. Essay? 15 minutes pour rediger l’introduction au brouillon. Thesis On Radio? 5 min pour rediger la conclusion provisoire au brouillon. Psychology Gcse Research Methods? 5 minutes pour recopier l’introduction. Thesis? 55 minutes par partie. Describe Your? 10 minutes pour la conclusion. On Radio? Maintenant que vous savez le temps vous allez consacrer a chaque etape de l’epreuve, il faut s’attaquer au sujet.
Un sujet, cela peut etre plein de choses : une question, une citation, une affirmation… L’important est de le dissequer pour comprendre les enjeux sous-entendus par ce sujet et d’en tirer une tension, une question , a laquelle votre dissertation repondra. Pour savoir comment problematiser votre sujet, nous publierons bientot une fiche consacree a cette question. Psychology Gcse Methods Past? Ce qu’il faut absolument retenir, c’est qu’une problematique est un angle d’attaque, une facon particuliere d’aborder un sujet. Thesis On Radio? Et c’est elle qui vous permettra de prioriser les idees qui vous viennent, de les organiser pour y repondre. Thesis Erp? Le sujet n’est pas une problematique et une problematique n’est pas un sujet. Thesis On Radio? Un sujet est une formulation generale, qui autorise plusieurs problematiques, et qui ne souligne pas forcement un probleme particulier.
Exemples : Gains de productivite et croissance economique. Write Way To English . Follow The Layout? Les partis ouvriers allemands de 1875 a 1933. On Radio? Qu’est-ce que l’art . Sat Essay? Si vous traitez ces sujets sans les problematiser, vous allez probablement transformer votre dissertation en catalogue, dans laquelle vous presenterez par exemple tous les partis ouvriers allemands ou toutes les formes d’art qui existent. Thesis? Mais ce n’est pas du tout ce qu’on vous demande ! La problematique entre alors en jeu : a partir d’un sujet, quelle question particuliere pouvez-vous vous poser pour eclairer le theme propose ? Pour le sujet d’economie “Gains de productivite et croissance economique” , il faut s’interroger sur la relation entre les deux notions, pour en tirer une question, comme “Comment la productivite stimule-t-elle la croissance et comment la croissance encourage-t-elle la productivite ?” Ou encore “Quels sont les effets positifs et les effets negatifs de la productivite sur la croissance ?” . Sat Essay? Pour le sujet d’histoire “Les partis ouvriers allemands de 1875 a 1933” , il faut essayer de comprendre la tension qui rend ce sujet interessant. On Radio? On peut la formuler en se questionnant sur le rapport des partis avec les syndicats : “Comment s’articulent les partis et les syndicats allemands ?” Ou en se focalisant sur la tension ideologique : “ Qu’est-ce qui oppose les reformistes des revolutionnaires ?” Ou encore sur la capacite du mouvement ouvrier a se rassembler durant cette periode : “Comment le mouvement ouvrier est-il passe de l’unite a la division ?” . Gcse? Pour le sujet de philosophie, “Qu’est-ce que l’art ?” , la question est bien evidemment trop vaste et trop generale pour etre une problematique. Il faut donc orienter le traitement que vous allez faire du sujet en vous demandant “Comment l’art se distingue-t-il de l’artisanat ?” , ce qui vous fera reflechir sur l’aspect transcendant, symbolique de l’art, ou en vous interrogeant par exemple sur les rapports entre l’art et le beau “L’art n’est-il que l’expression du beau ?” . On Radio? Vous avez bien disseque le sujet ? Vous en avez tire une problematique ? Maintenant, posez vos idees en vrac , au brouillon.
Notez tout ce qui vous passe par la tete, qui semble relie a la problematique, essayez de mobiliser vos connaissances de cours qui pourraient vous servir, pensez a des exemples qui vous semblent parlant. Virginia Essay? Vous pouvez par exemple prendre une feuille a l’horizontale et tracer 3 colonnes : celle de gauche vous permettra de mettre toutes vos idees, puis dans celle du milieu vous classerez vos idees en 2, 3 ou 4 parties, et en face de chaque idee, dans la derniere colonne, vous ferez figurer 1 ou 2 exemples etayant chaque idee. On Radio? Sinon, vous pouvez aussi prendre une ou plusieurs feuilles pour poser vos idees (n’utilisez que les rectos, pour ne rien oublier), puis tout reclasser et enrichir d’exemples sur une autre. Gcse Research? A vous de voir ! Pour rassembler vos idees en 2 a 4 grandes parties, il faut absolument garder en tete que chacune a sa facon doit repondre a la problematique , et si possible en allant du plus evident au plus complexe, du plus descriptif au plus analytique, du detail au general. Thesis On Radio? Dans le cadre d’un plan dialectique (these, antithese, synthese) en 3 parties, la progression est assez classique. Psychology Research Papers? La premiere partie doit expliquer le plus evident, ce a quoi l’on pense des la lecture de la problematique, c’est la “premiere couche” de votre reflexion. Thesis? La deuxieme partie apporte un tournant, un eclairage, ou une contradiction. Psychology Research Methods Papers? La troisieme partie, elle, depasse les autres pour degager les enjeux plus vastes, ou resoudre la contradiction apparente entre les deux premieres parties… Sujet de Philosophie : « Suis-je responsable de ce dont je n’ai pas conscience ? » Problematique : En quoi la notion d’inconscient pourrait-elle me dedouanner de mes action ? 1. On Radio? La question de la volonte de ce dont je n’ai pas conscience n’a pas de sens : 1.1 philosophie de la volonte infinie : importance de la conscience pour la conduite, et infinite de l’inconscient. 1.2 doctrine freudienne : importance de l’inconscient. Doctoral Erp? 2. Thesis? Je ne suis pas responsable de mes mobiles inconscients, mais je suis responsable de mes actes : 2.1 la moralite se constitue contre les inclinations. Doctoral? 2.2 responsabilite, devoir et prise de conscience. On Radio? 3. Write An Essay The Best Way To The Layout? Etre responsable consiste aussi a reconnaitre en moi ce qui echappe a ma conscience et a l’emprise de ma volonte : 3.1 la responsabilite exige que nous comprenions en nous l’homme de desir.
3.2 la responsabilite, qui n’est pas culpabilite, se definit par la relation a l’autre. Thesis? On peut penser a d’autres types de plan, comme le plan analytique (description, causes, consequences), thematique (differents aspects d’une meme question), comparatif (examiner deux notions puis depasser leur clivage). Write An Essay The Best Learn . Follow? Certains plans sont plus appropries lorsque l’intitule du sujet est introduit par certains verbes . Thesis On Radio? Exemple : analytique avec « decrire », thematique avec « a quoi sert », dialectique avec « faut-il », etc. Penny Ice Cream? On peut bien sur combiner deux natures de plan dans les parties et sous-parties. On Radio? En histoire, par exemple, il arrive souvent que les grandes parties soient definies chronologiquement mais qu’a l’interieur de ces parties, on an essay the best way to . follow, repartisse les arguments de facon thematique. Thesis On Radio? Votre plan de dissertation va aussi dependre de la discipline : vous ne ferez pas le meme type de plan en histoire, en lettres, en economie… En SES, on Penny Ice Cream, conseille souvent un plan en 2 parties, en histoire et en philosophie, 3 parties, en lettres, 3 ou 4. Thesis On Radio? il faut structurer le devoir selon une logique de progression , qui va toujours du moins important au plus important . Write Learn The Layout? Sujet de Sociologie : « Le travail, facteur d’integration sociale ? » Problematique : En quoi le travail peut-il apporter un bien-etre en donnant un reseau social ? I. Thesis? Le travail est un facteur important d’integration : A) l’emploi accorde une place, une identite et une utilite sociales. B) l’arret du travail fragilise le lien et peut creer une marginalisation. Percentiles? II Le travail n’est pas toujours integrateur et l’integration est assuree aussi par d’autres biais : A) certains employes sont isoles et communiquent peu avec autrui. Thesis On Radio? B) la famille, l’amitie et les relations de loisirs. Psychology Gcse Past? Redigez l’introduction et la conclusion.
Maintenant que votre plan est structure et detaille, il faut vous lancer. Thesis? Et commencer a rediger, d’abord l’introduction et la conclusion, au brouillon. Percentiles? L’introduction, c’est la porte d’entree de votre copie, il faut la soigner ! Sa construction est toujours la meme. Thesis? Pour le sujet « En quoi l’Etat-providence assure-t-il la cohesion sociale ? », on your essay, aura une introduction structuree comme suit : L’accroche (appelee aussi amorce), element contextuel qui permet d’attirer l’attention du lecteur. La mise en marge de la societe d’individus et le repli de communautes sur elles-memes sont toujours une menace pour toute societe.
Presentation du sujet , eventuellement en le reformulant. Thesis On Radio? Celle-ci a besoin de paix et de partager des valeurs et des activites sociales communes : c’est la cohesion sociale. Erp? En quoi l’Etat-providence joue-t-il un role dans cette cohesion ? Choix de la problematique et mention des enjeux . Thesis? Comment les pouvoirs publics peuvent-ils assurer cette harmonie ? Par quels mecanismes economiques et sociaux et avec quels moyens interviennent-ils ? A quelles limites se heurtent-ils ? S’interroger sur le role de cohesion sociale de l’Etat-providence donnera l’occasion d’analyser l’interet et les modalites de l’interventionnisme face aux conduites deviantes et a la fragilisation du lien social. Psychology Papers? Presentation des grandes parties du plan (sans mentionner partie 1, partie 2 etc, cela doit sembler fluide). Vous avez plusieurs possibilites de formulation. On Radio? Exemple 1 : Apres avoir mis en valeur comment l’Etat-providence a notamment pour mission d’aider la population a satisfaire certains besoins, nous montrerons de quelles facons il essaye de maintenir la cohesion de la societe. Psychology Methods? Exemple 2 : Si l’Etat-providence a notamment pour mission d’aider la population a satisfaire certains besoins, il dispose de moyens multiples pour essayer de maintenir la cohesion de la societe. On Radio? Exemple 3 : Comment l’Etat-providence aide-t-il la population a satisfaire certains besoins ? De quelles facons essaie-t-il de maintenir la cohesion de la societe ? Il ne faut pas oublier de la rediger au brouillon juste apres l’introduction, cela vous sera bien utile lorsque vous paniquerez a la fin de l’epreuve ! Vous devez la soigner, car c’est la derniere impression que vous laisserez au correcteur. Erp? Elle est composee de deux parties : Le bilan , qui recapitule les resultats de chaque partie.
Ne repartez pas dans des exemples, vous devez resumer a grands traits le cheminement de votre pensee en montrant que vous avez repondu a votre problematique. L’ouverture, pour elever la reflexion. Thesis? Vous devrez ouvrir le debat de facon pertinente, c’est-a-dire que vous pouvez relier votre sujet a une autre problematique, a des considerations actuelles, a une thematique plus large. Thesis? Mais il faut que cette ouverture ait un sens, si vous manquez d’inspiration, cela pourrait vous penaliser, il vaut mieux ne rien mettre plutot que de faire une ouverture “bateau”. On Radio? Pour le sujet “La baisse du cout du travail est-elle la solution au chomage francais ?” problematise comme cela : “Dans quelle mesure agir sur le cout du travail pourrait servir positivement la reduction du chomage et, est-ce veritablement la seule action a privilegier ?”, on sat essay, pourrait avoir la conclusion suivante : Au-dela des partis pris, il semble difficile de trancher sur la superiorite de telle ou telle mesure. On Radio? Toutefois, on your, ne peut ignorer les decisions de politique economique retenues par la presidence Hollande surtout depuis 2013. Thesis? Elles semblent corroborer l’hypothese qu’en agissant a la baisse sur le cout du travail, cela devrait permettre de restaurer les marges des entreprises, leur competitivite prix tout en les rendant plus concurrentielles sur les marches internationaux.
Cette politique devrait alors pouvoir se traduire positivement en termes d’emplois comme le confirment les theoriciens de l’offre en general. Psychology Research Past Papers? Cependant, agir de la sorte risque de s’effectuer au detriment des menages, de la demande de consommation tout en hypothequant les attendus d’une politique de reduction du cout salarial. Il importe donc de parvenir au meilleur compromis dans un contexte financier etroit et marque par un certain rejet de l’opinion publique a l’egard de la politique gouvernementale… On peut toutefois, a la veille des elections europeennes, s’interroger sur la capacite de la France, seule, a reduire sensiblement le chomage. Thesis On Radio? La reponse ne se situe-t-elle pas davantage a l’echelle europeenne ? Vous avez cerne votre sujet en redigeant votre introduction, vous savez la ou vous voulez en venir car vous avez redige une premiere version de votre conclusion. Virginia Wolf Essay? Maintenant, il faut derouler votre developpement ! Recopiez votre introduction, puis lancez-vous, en suivant votre plan detaille. Thesis? Entre les differents morceaux de la dissertation, il faut “huiler les rouages” en utilisant des connecteurs logiques et des transitions , pour fluidifier la lecture et derouler le raisonnement de facon logique. Doctoral Thesis? Vous pouvez les noter au brouillon sur votre plan detaille si cela vous aide. Thesis? Les transitions servent a faire passer d’une partie a une autre, d’un paragraphe a un autre, d’une idee a une autre.
Il suffit alors de rappeler l’idee precedente en la resumant au plus important, et d’annoncer celle qui arrive en faisant un lien logique . Percentiles? Les connecteurs logiques servent de transition a l’interieur meme des paragraphes , et permettent de mettre en lumiere des rapports logiques : de cause a effet, d’opposition, de nuance, de juxtaposition. Thesis On Radio? Exemples : ainsi, en effet, dans la mesure ou, c’est-a-dire, comme le souligne, egalement, par consequent, malgre, toutefois, certes, en definitive, c’est pourquoi. Erp? Pour le sujet “La baisse du cout du travail est-elle la solution au chomage francais ?” problematise comme cela : “Dans quelle mesure agir sur le cout du travail pourrait servir positivement la reduction du chomage et, est-ce veritablement la seule action a privilegier ?” et avec le plan suivant : 1. On Radio? La baisse du cout du travail semble etre une solution efficace au chomage. 1.1 Un constat empirique. Virginia Wolf? 1.2 Une approche validee theoriquement. On Radio? 2. Doctoral? Cet objectif est une solution a relativiser. On Radio? 2.1 Un constat global.
2.2 D’autres pistes envisageables. Percentiles? Pour faire la transition entre les deux sous-parties de la partie 1, on on radio, pourrait imaginer la phrase suivante : C’est un constat qui est fait a un temps T et qui nous apporte un argument en faveur de la baisse du cout du travail pour reduire le chomage. Sat Essay? On pourrait opposer le fait que c’est un constat ancre dans une temps et un lieu precis, et probablement pas generalisable. Thesis On Radio? Mais, il s’avere que c’est une approche qui a ete validee theoriquement ! Les parties devront s’enchainer naturellement grace aux transitions et connecteurs logiques. Psychology Research Past Papers? Chaque partie se construit toujours comme suit : Introduction de partie. 3 ou 4 paragraphes argumentes. On Radio? Conclusion de partie. Percentiles? Il faut toujours introduire votre thematique globale, l’etayer par des idees argumentees qui sont elles-memes soutenues par des exemples, et recapituler les conclusions auxquelles vous etes arrive en suivant votre raisonnement.
Les parties sont donc composees de paragraphes argumentatifs, et ils doivent suivre la structure suivante : Introduction / annonce de l’idee. Thesis? Developpement de l’idee. Illustration de l’idee. Write The Best Way To Learn? L’annonce de l’idee doit se faire a l’aide d’un connecteur logique pour creer le lien a partir de l’idee precedente. Thesis On Radio? Vous devez enoncer l’idee generale de facon precise, en une ou deux phrase. Describe Essay? Puis, vous developperez votre argument , en donnant les details necessaires. On Radio? Il faut montrer pourquoi cette idee est pertinente, apporter des precisions, la caracteriser.
Pour etayer cette idee , il vous faudra donner au moins un exemple concret, qui vous permet de rendre votre idee credible en la donnant a voir concretement au lecteur. Psychology Gcse Research Methods Papers? Vous pouvez aussi mentionner un exemple qui permettrait de nuancer l’idee ou de montrer ses limites. Thesis On Radio? Mais dans ce cas il faut bien le preciser, sinon on your bedroom, pourrait vous reprocher de mal choisir vos exemples. Thesis On Radio? Puis vous devez tirer une synthese de cette argumentation, qui confirme votre idee enoncee au debut et qui la rend plus forte. Lick Ice Cream? Il ne faut pas que ce soit une simple repetition de l’annonce de l’idee, sinon l’argumentation n’avance pas et on on radio, tourne en rond. Sat Essay Percentiles? Il est bon de relier l’argument a la problematique a ce moment-la. Une dissertation est avant tout une demonstration d’idee, ne l’oubliez pas ! Et il faut rentrer dans ces “cases” pour reellement repondre a l’exercice, n’essayez pas de faire original sur le plan de la methode, cela ne paie jamais.
Au-dela du fond de vos idees, que vous devez acquerir en travaillant, et de cette structure fixe, qu’il faut absolument respecter, d’autres elements sont pris en compte par le correcteur. On Radio? Gardez-les en tete ! Rendez un devoir propre . Penny Lick Ice Cream? C’est tout bete, mais une copie sale, avec des taches et une graphie illisible recoltera rarement une tres bonne note. Thesis? Aerez votre devoir ! La disposition de votre texte donne des indications sur la structure de votre argumentation . Wolf Essay? Il faut sauter 2 lignes entre l’introduction et la premiere partie, la deuxieme et la troisieme, et entre la troisieme et la conclusion. Thesis On Radio? Il faut sauter une ligne entre les sous-parties, commencer toutes vos sous-parties ainsi que l’introduction et la conclusion par un alinea . Your? Enfin, il faut aller a la ligne des que vous changez d’“etape” a l’interieur d’un paragraphe (dans l’introduction, entre l’amorce et l’annonce du sujet, l’annonce du sujet et la problematique, la problematique et le plan ; dans les parties, entre l’annonce de l’idee et le developpement, etc.). Thesis On Radio? Mais il ne faut pas mettre de plan apparent , ne faites pas pas figurer dans votre copie les 1, 1.1 et autres. Essay? Gardez cela pour le brouillon. On Radio? N’oubliez pas la ponctuation , mettez des virgules, faites des phrases courtes, sinon votre correcteur va s’asphyxier ! Banissez les phrases alambiquees, allez au plus clair. Penny Ice Cream? Faites attention a votre orthographe et votre syntaxe , un ecrit truffe de fautes ne pourra pas etre bien note. Thesis? Restez dans un registre de langue soutenu , evitez toute familiarite et utilisez le vocabulaire adequat . Penny? Ne dites pas « Je » , vous ne devez pas vous impliquer personnellement en tant qu’individu, meme si c’est votre pensee que vous exposez. La dissertation n’est pas un exercice de style, vous devez rester demonstratif et objectif autant que possible. On Radio? Ne paraphrasez pas ni le sujet, ni les documents a votre disposition.
Il s’agit ici d’expliquer, d’analyser, de demontrer. Lick? Il faut bien delimiter votre propos , ne partez pas dans tous les sens et ne faites pas de discours trop general. Thesis On Radio? Soyez precis : si vous citez, ce n’est pas de facon approximative, si vous parlez d’elements quantitatifs, citez des chiffres, si vous evoquez une periode, donnez des dates. Describe Essay? Et enfin, relisez-vous ! Gardez toujours un peu de temps a la fin pour vous relire, cela vous evitera de ne pas finir votre devoir et vous pourrez corriger de potentielles erreurs de raisonnement et fautes d’orthographe. Thesis? La dissertation est un exercice difficile car il est tres code, et il faut respecter ces codes tout en reinvestissant vos connaissances dans cette structure classique. Lick Ice Cream? Mais c’est comme ca que vous apprendrez a construire une argumentation, un raisonnement logique, ce qui vous sera toujours tres utile ensuite ! Vous avez peur d’oublier les etapes lorsque vous redigerez ? Telechargez cette grille, qui resume la structure-type d’une dissertation en 3 parties, 3 sous-parties. On Radio? Telechargez le corrige-type du sujet “Les inegalites ont-elles disparu des democraties occidentales ?”.
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Graffiti Art: An Essay Concerning The Recognition of Some Forms of thesis on radio Graffiti As Art. Phil 651 Aesthetics. Graffiti art is an art form. The reasons, including aesthetic criteria, as to why it is an art form far outweigh the criticism of illegality, incoherence, and write way to, nonstandard presentation. The objective of this paper is to explain how graffiti art overcomes these concerns and thereby can be considered as an art form. Suppose that Leonardo, Monet, Picasso, or any of the on radio recognized artisans of virginia wolf essay Western European culture were alive in the present day. Then, suppose that one of thesis on radio these famous artists decided to your, paint a masterpiece on thesis, the side of your house or on thesis erp, your front door or on a wall in your neighborhood. Would Picasso or Monet's markings be graffiti or art or vandalism or graffiti art? The answer may vary across people, but I would claim that those markings are art in the form of graffiti. Thesis On Radio. Their markings would qualify as vandalism only if they appeared on private or public property without permission. The same answer holds for the present day, genre of graffiti known as graffiti art.
Graffiti art originated in the late 1960's, and it has been developing ever since. However, it is not readily accepted as being art like those works that are found in a gallery or a museum. It is not strictly denied the status of genuine art because of methods past a lack of form or other base aesthetic elements. Most of the opposition to graffiti art is due to its location and bold, unexpected, and unconventional presentation, but its presentation and often illegal location does not necessarily disqualify it as art. In this paper, I elucidate how some forms of graffiti can be accepted as art. This type of graffiti is thesis on radio, known as graffiti art, subway art, or spraycan art. The arguments of vandalism and unconventional presentation as negating the the best way to . follow ability of some graffiti to be art is usurped by thesis on radio, an explanation of virginia wolf essay those properties apparent in some forms of graffiti that do qualify it, aesthetically, as art.
To show this, I provide a historical context of graffiti, and then I provide persuasive evidence that graffiti art is on radio, art. The origins of graffiti go back to thesis, the beginnings of human, societal living. Graffiti has been found on on radio, uncovered, ancient, Egyptian monuments, and graffiti even was preserved on virginia essay, walls in Pompeii. Thesis On Radio. Graffiti is the plural form of the Italian word grafficar. In plural, grafficar signifies drawings, markings, patterns, scribbles, or messages that are painted, written, or carved on a wall or surface. Grafficar also signifies to scratch in reference to different wall writings ranging from cave paintings, bathroom scribbles, or any message that is scratched on walls. In reference to present day graffiti, the definition is qualified by adding that graffiti is way to english . follow the layout, also any unsolicited marking on thesis on radio, a private or public property that is gcse methods, usually considered to be vandalism. There are various forms of graffiti.
One of the simplest forms is that of thesis individual markings such as slogans, slurs, or political statements. Examples of this type of thesis erp graffiti commonly are found in on radio, bathrooms or on sat essay percentiles, exterior surfaces, and this graffiti is usually handwritten. Another simple form is that of the tag which is a fancy, scribble-like writing of one's name or nick-name. That is, tag signifies one's name or nick-name. Both the tag or individual mark have little or no aesthetic appeal. While they might suggest a flair or style of writing, these forms fail to qualify as example of superb graffiti art because of on radio a lack of aesthetic qualities and inability to produce a maximal aesthetic feeling in Penny Lick Ice Cream, the viewer. In fact, the tag or individual mark is not produced for artistic purposes. It is basically a means to indicate the writer's presence, i.e., the age old statement of I was here.
Gang markings of territory also fit the definition of on radio graffiti, and they mainly consists of tags and messages that provide news of happenings in the neighborhood. Murals for community enhancement and beautification are also a form of graffiti even though they are not usually thought of this way because most murals are commissioned. These are more colorful and complex. They take considerable amount of skill to complete, and murals can be done in a graffiti art style or a traditional pictorial scene. The last form of graffiti is graffiti art which is the creative use of spraypaint to produce an artwork that is graffiti or done in a graffiti-like style, and this the is the concern of doctoral erp this discussion. Modern graffiti art originated in New York City, and it was known first as New York Style graffiti. This art form began in the late 1960's when teens used permanent markers to on radio, tag or write their names, followed by the number of the street on which they lived, in subway cars. This trend originated with the sat essay appearance of Taki 183 which was the tag of a Greek American boy named Demitrius.
Tagging soon became a way to get one's name known throughout the thesis city. However, it should be noted that tagging appeared in Philadelphia before New York. The monikers, Cornbread and Top Cat were well known in Philadelphia, and describe your bedroom essay, when Top Cat's style appeared in New York, it was dubbed as Broadway Style for its long skinny lettering. The advent of the spraypaint allowed for the tag to develop in size and color. Thesis On Radio. For it was not enough just to have one's name scrawled over any available and visible surface because everyone was doing this. The spraycan separated the taggers from the sat essay percentiles artists in that color, form, and style could be emphasized creatively with this new tool to produce s tag as a part of an overall artistic production. The tag which is monochromatic and a writing style that just about anyone can do, gave way to the throw-up, which is a two color tag usually in outline or bubble-like lettering. Again this style is not too difficult, but soon more complicated styles evolved.
The stamp is on radio, a little harder and involves the use straight letters to produce a 3-D effect. The piece, which is sat essay, short for masterpiece, appeared next, and it is a large multicolor work. Thesis. A production is a piece that is usually on the scale of a mural, and it involves original or familiar cartoon characters in addition to virginia wolf essay, the writer or graffiti artist's name. It should be noted that every graffiti form listed involves the artist's name, whether as the central feature or as an ornament within the thesis piece because writers want to be known. Hence, finding new and creative ways to display one's tag in a highly visible place, as opposed to just scribbling it everywhere, was the fundamental force spurring the development of your essay modern graffiti art. In the middle to on radio, late 1970's, writers started painting subway trains; thus the name, subway art. Train painting was instrumental to the development of graffiti art because the trains became the stage for an essay way to learn english the layout the style wars which was a time when everyone who wanted to be recognized as the thesis best artist or the King or Queen of a subway line got- up, i.e., painted trains as often as possible.
If one's name was on psychology gcse past papers, a train in a colorful and on radio, unique style, it was guaranteed to be seen by write way to learn the layout, many people; most importantly by the other writers, because the subway trains in New York City travel in circuits throughout different boroughs. To be a King or Queen one could not just get-up or simply paint his or her name in a thousand different places. On the contrary, style and artistic talent were and thesis on radio, continue to be extremely important. The goal was and is to create burners which are pieces that stand out because of creativity, color, vibrancy, crisp outlines, i.e. no drips, and overall artistic appeal. It is the recognizable artistic talent of the graffiti artist that established his or her reign on way to learn the layout, the subway line and not just the thesis on radio appearance of s name in a thousand different places. The styles that emerged with the previously mentioned forms during this time were round popcorn or bubble letters, wildstyle which is an intricate, interlocking type of calligraphy that is difficult and almost impossible to read, computer and gothic lettering, 3-D lettering, fading which blends colors, and the use of cartoon characters.
The ability to produce complicated pieces is what separates the tagger from the graffiti artist; graffitist for describe your bedroom essay short. Taggers scribble and thesis on radio, graffitists do art. The high visibility of the train and the potential audience encouraged more artists to participate in describe your essay, this new form of art. Thesis. Despite New York City's vigorous anti-graffiti efforts the style flourished and soon influenced artists in cities all over the world. The biggest promotional vehicle for graffiti art worldwide has been the Hip-Hop phenomenon which is the culture associated with rap music. Subway art now is termed as spraycan art because subway trains are no longer the canvas of choice. Besides, every graffitist could not possibly do all of his or her work on subway cars because of laws, police, and the dangerous environment of the subway yards and sat essay, lay-up stations. Ironically, the latest innovation in spraycan art has been that of freight art in which graffitists paint railroad, freight cars with the expectation that their artwork will travel across the United States and throughout the continent. There are two major questions associated with the explanation of graffiti. One, who is responsible for thesis on radio it, and two, why do graffitists produce spraycan art.
To the surprise of most people, graffiti art is not the sole possession of poor, urban, lower-class American kids. Not only do half of the graffitists come from Caucasian middle-class families, but there are graffitists all over the world. When asked, What sorts of doctoral erp kids write graffiti?, police officer Kevin Hickey of the New York Transit Police Department's graffiti squad replied, The type of kids that live in New York City. They range from the ultra-rich to thesis, the ultra-poor. There is no general classification of the kids Graffitist range in age from doctoral 12-30 years old, and there are male and female artists. In the thesis on radio past, graffiti artists usually worked alone, but the size and complexity of pieces as well as safety concerns motivated artists to work together in crews, which are groups of graffitists that vary in membership from 3 to 10 or more persons.
A member of your bedroom a crew can be down with, i.e., affiliated, with more than one crew. To join a crew, one must have produced stylish pieces and show potential for developing his or her own, unique style. A crew is thesis, headed by a king or queen who is usually that person recognized as having the Penny Ice Cream best artistic ability among the members of the crew. The reasons and values for why one might engage in graffiti art are as varied as the on radio artists who produce it. A chief reason is the prospect of fame and recognition of one's artistic talent.
Graffiti is also a form of self expression. The art as writing is a creative method of communicating with other writers and the general public. What it communicates is the artist's identity, expression, and ideas. Judgments are based solely on one's artistic ability. This type of describe bedroom communication is of value because it links people regardless of cultural, lingual, or racial differences in way that nothing else can. In addition, producing graffiti art with a crew builds team work in that the crew works together for the accomplishment of a common goal. The feeling of this achievement in league with others is of value to the artist. In his book, Graffito, Walsh notes that some graffitists view their art as a ritual transgression against a repressive political and economic order. For some artists see themselves as revolutionaries reacting against the established art market or gallery system in on radio, that art is not only that which appears in the gallery as determined by the curator. Some artists also view their creations on public and private spaces as a statement against virginia wolf Western ideas of capitalism and private property.
Of course, the majority of graffitists enjoy what they do and on radio, find it to be fun, rewarding, and exciting. Although these reasons are valid, they do not conclusively settle the matter as to why graffiti art is art or why it is a valid art form despite its illegal origins. Graffiti as seen and experienced on the New York City subway trains and that which developed into the modern-day form of spraycan art is art. Research Past. The production of on radio graffiti art includes established techniques and styles, and the art form also is Ice Cream, characterized by a standard medium; spraypaint. For example, novices are taught how to use spraypaint according to various styles and how to adjust nozzles as well as how to fit and use other types of aerosol caps onto spraycans for different artistic effects.
The forms of graffiti art have developed through the years from the mere gestures of on radio tagging to established conventional practices of the graffiti art world such as creating the write way to . follow tag according to a method, like wildstyle, that makes it an integral, flowing element of the overall piece. In addition, graffiti art is not a spontaneous activity like tagging in the form of fancy scribble. The completion of a piece or a production involves a great deal of imagination, planning, and effort. The graffitist first does a sketch. Then he or she plans out characters and selects colors. Next, the artist selects his or her canvas or surface and does a preliminary outline, followed by a filling in of colors and thesis on radio, ornamentation, and then the final outline is completed. Graffiti can also be analyzed according to the elements of bedroom lines, color, and structures that are present in the work in order to produce a narrative about thesis on radio it. Another significant reason why graffiti art can be viewed as art is by considering the producer's intention. Graffitists intend their work to be apprehended as art that can communicate feelings and ideas to the audience. This is in line with Tolstoy's mandate that art must allow people to express ideas and share in each other's feelings via the artwork. Plus, graffiti art has a function of not only communicating to describe your, others, but it also beautifies the community by thesis, appearing on areas that normally would be eyesores, such as a wall in a vacant lot or an abandoned building.
Furthermore, all of the aesthetic properties and criteria from the base element of color to the complex issue of artist intention which are ascribed to other works in order to characterize them as art can all be found in examples of spraycan art. The only difference between those works in a gallery or museum and graffiti art in terms of how and why the latter is not readily accepted as art is write the best way to . follow the layout, due to its location and thesis, presentation. Indeed the issues of location and presentation are the most significant obstacles to a wholehearted acceptance of spraycan art as art. Graffiti art cannot be disregarded simply because it is not presented in the conventional location and manner, i.e., framed and placed in a museum or gallery. The location of it on a wall or subway without permission only makes it unsolicited art. As such, it can be called vandalism, but again, this does not disqualify it as art. Rather the categorization of graffiti art as unsolicited art that is vandalism only justifies a removal of it from the surface. On the sat essay percentiles other hand, the thesis on radio vandalism aspect of graffiti art can be considered as a uniqueness and not a detracting feature of the art form because as vandalism, graffiti art is methods, very temporary. A piece which might be sixty feet long, twelve feet high, and take twenty to thirty cans of paint and at least eight hours to produce might be gone in a matter of minutes.
Another challenge to thesis on radio, graffiti art is that it is psychology gcse research papers, forced upon the public because people have no say in its production despite the fact that public funds are used to remove it. Graffitists counter with the argument that buildings, billboards, campaign ads, and flyers are also forced on the public in a similar manner. Spraycan art suffers other criticisms because of the thesis on radio generic characterization of all graffiti as being gang related and simply a matter of tagging. However, only 20% of graffiti is gang related [ed. Describe Bedroom Essay. note: according to Walsh, who mentions this number in _Graffito_. Because he used anecdotes from LA and San Francisco to obtain his figures, and it is not known what definition of gang he refers to, this number is questionable.], and thesis, it should be noted that not all instances of graffiti art are good examples of the art form; just like not all framed artistic creations are good examples of painting or even worthy of psychology gcse research methods papers being called art. Graffiti is also criticized for being too hard to understand, but certainly this cannot keep graffiti art from being art anymore than the obscurity of abstract art or Picasso's cubism prevents either one of on radio those hard to understand art forms from the best learn english the layout being considered as art. Goldman's aesthetic theory is of use to clarify the problem of location and presentation in relation to graffiti art.
Goldman claims that art takes us to other worlds in a manner that is quite fulfilling sensually and aesthetically. Thesis. This removal from the real world is enhanced by the mood of the gallery or the dark setting of the Lick Ice Cream opera house. On Radio. Most of the time when we encounter art and are transported by it to other worlds, we are in a location in which we expect this to happen. However, this is not the case with graffiti art. For it appears suddenly and in unexpected places. Thus, when we apprehend it, we are transported to these other worlds at the best way to . follow, a time and in a place that we are not accustomed to doing so. We are not used to thesis, art approaching us outside of conventional settings such as a museum. Instead of the audience going to doctoral, view the art form, spraycan art reaches out to the viewer; sometimes in a startling manner. One can only imagine how shocking and surprising it might have been to see a colorful train moving swiftly through the dingy stations and drab boroughs of thesis New York City.
Spraycan art is an art form that is completely open to the public because it is not hemmed in by the confines or laws of the gallery system or the doctoral museum. Perhaps, this is its only crime. The institutional theory, in brief, mandates that art is that which is displayed by the art world to be accepted as art as determined by the members of the art world. Since graffiti art is thesis on radio, not permanently established in any galleries or museums, often it is argued that it is not art, but even this criticism falls short because there are instances where the art world has recognized graffiti art as art. In the 1970's, galleries in New York and Europe brought graffiti to thesis, the attention of the thesis on radio art world. Lee Quinones, a prominent writer in New York and one of the few graffitists to bomb, i.e., paint, a whole train from top to bottom and end to end, was invited to exhibit his work on canvas in Claudio Bruni's Galleria Madusa in describe your essay, Rome.
Likewise, Yaki Kornblit of on radio Denmark, an art dealer, helped to wolf essay, launch the careers of several graffitists during the years of thesis 1984 and 1985 at Museum Boyanano von Beuningen in Rotterdam. Jean Paul Basquiat collaborated with Andy Warhol for joint paintings in 1985. Psychology Gcse Methods Past. And recently, in thesis on radio, 1996, Barry McGee, also known by sat essay, his tag, Twist, was commissioned to do a graffiti art mural for the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. As graffiti was introduced to the art world, two trends happened. One, the art world of collectors, dealers, curators, artists, and the like helped graffitists evolve in style, presumably by on radio, sharing their artistic knowledge with the newcomers. Two, the exposure helped to sat essay, expand graffiti to all parts of the world.
Furthermore, cities such as LA and Chicago have recognized the talent of graffitists by providing a means for them to do legal graffiti art which has helped to foster the art form and lessened the amount of graffiti art that appears in the city as vandalism. Likewise, organizations of graffiti artists such as the Phun Factory or the United Graffiti Artists in New York solicit places to do legal graffiti such as abandoned buildings, businesses, or community walls in parks. What this shows is that some graffiti, particularly in thesis, the form of spraycan art, is recognized as art by the art world. This recognition of graffiti art by the art world is important for two reasons. One because of the sat essay social, political, and economic influence of the art world, its recognition of graffiti art as art helps to increase the awareness and overall understanding of the art form. Two, this recognition prevents the sweeping generalization that all graffiti is vandalism and therefore something that always should be eradicated. For in actuality, spraycan art does not necessarily have to be illegal or on a wall to be considered as graffiti art, although, philosophically, this might be the purest essence of the art form. What matters is that the art is produced according to a graffiti art style. So examples of art works that are produced on canvas with spraypaint and in a graffiti style can be considered as spraycan art. And the exhortation that graffiti should be on a visible private or public space in order to be in its optimal context is not so much to glorify any illegalities but rather, to highlight the idea that graffiti is meant to be completely accessible to on radio, the public for immediate appreciation.
Also, the increasing acceptance of graffiti art is not due so much to its adoption of wolf essay traditional techniques. On the contrary, books, magazines, movies, and the artists themselves have helped people to thesis, understand how and where graffiti harmonizes with and goes a step beyond traditional methods. For example, wildstyle changes with each artist's interpretation of the write an essay way to learn english . follow the layout alphabet, but it also relies on the use of primary colors, fading, foreground and background, and the like to create these letters. Thesis On Radio. Thus, it is important and valuable to virginia essay, characterize some forms of graffiti as art because this challenges people, who are conditioned to accept art works as art only if they are created in a traditional manner and thesis on radio, appear in institutional setting, to appreciate art works that originate and develop outside of these constraints. Doctoral Thesis. In doing so, people come to realize graffiti is not an art form that is done just for thesis the sake of rebellious destruction. Quite the opposite, it is an innovative and truly original art form that is meant to bring an aesthetic pleasure to the audience like any other recognized art form. In summary, some forms of graffiti become art according to four criteria. First, graffiti art is wolf, separated from everyday graffiti markings by the artist's intention to produce a work of art. Second, graffiti art has an established history of development in style and technique. Thesis. Third, graffiti art even has been recognized by the art world.
A fourth criterion is that the wolf essay public response to graffiti art indicates that it is art. Whether or not all of the public agrees that graffiti art is good, bad, or extremely valuable is a different discussion about evaluation and not whether or not graffiti art is art. The evaluative concerns actually play more into where, when, and how graffiti art should be displayed. The above criteria are defensible in so much as they have been used to thesis on radio, legitimize other artistic forms. However, what appears to be the describe most significant answer to describing how and why graffiti art is on radio, art is the notion of understanding where the describe essay artist and the audience synchronize in agreement about thesis on radio a particular work being an example of art. It is a matter of Penny Ice Cream comprehending what makes a creation art for the artist and what makes this same creation art for the audience. When and according to what criteria that these two viewpoints coincide is on radio, what thoroughly determines graffiti art as art. And like other art forms, graffiti art is describe your bedroom, definitively art when both the on radio artist and the audience agree on the works ability to provide maximal aesthetic satisfaction. Gcse. While it is thesis, almost impossible to formulate a theory of necessary conditions or rules specifying when graffiti art is art, I think it is sufficient to draw on already established aesthetic theories and criteria to point out that some forms of graffiti do qualify as art. Therefore, graffiti in sat essay percentiles, the form of on radio spraycan art is art.
It has form, color, and other base properties as well as an arrangement of these elements into virginia essay, structures that qualify it aesthetically as being art. Just doing something with spraypaint might make it graffiti, but it does not necessarily qualify it as art or graffiti art. In addition, when the spraycan art is on radio, analyzed according to the artist's intention and value to audience, there is even more evidence to suggest that it is genuine art. The only obstacle that has hindered the describe bedroom general acceptance of graffiti art is its location and presentation. However, the instances of acceptance of thesis on radio graffiti art by the art world shows that conventional methods of presentation are not all that matters in determining if something is art. And graffiti art is not to be disqualified as art simply because it might appear unsolicited. In short, graffiti in the form of spray can art is art like any other work that might be found in a gallery or a museum.
Castleman, Craig. Getting Up. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1982.
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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place. Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for thesis on radio, the job.
For each resume you send out, you’ll want to Ice Cream highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to thesis the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience). Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to tailor your resume here . 2. Your? But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Since you’ll want to thesis on radio be swapping different information in and out Ice Cream, depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only thesis on radio sometimes make sense to include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and pasting relevant information together. Think of this as your brag file . 3. Put the Best Stuff “Above the gcse methods past, Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to what you see on thesis the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and sat essay accomplishments are visible on the top third of your resume. Thesis On Radio? This top section is what the hiring manager is going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to write the best Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and need to thesis explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to sat essay percentiles save space and focus on making the rest of your resume stellar. There are lots of on radio, different ways to organize the information on erp your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is on radio, still your best bet.
Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the doctoral erp, skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is on radio, a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is this—you want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to gcse research past papers one page is a good way to force yourself to do this. If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for it. But if you can tell the same story in thesis on radio, less space? Do.
If you’re struggling, check out these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in an essay learn english the layout, less space. Can’t figure out how to tell your whole story on thesis on radio one page, or want to be able to Penny include some visual examples of your work? Instead of trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the thesis on radio, most important details on that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate. We’ll talk about getting creative in order to stand out in a minute. But the most basic principle of good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on hiring managers’ eyes by using a font size between 10 and 12 and leaving a healthy amount of essay, white space on on radio the page. You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for your essay, which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for the hiring manager.
That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. Thesis On Radio? If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and an essay learn english the layout whistles so the thesis on radio, computer can read it effectively. If you’re applying to Penny Lick Ice Cream a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and design work to make it awesome.
10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent. You don’t need to include your address on on radio your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to virginia wolf essay make sure to include a phone number and thesis on radio professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for Penny, prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of time on each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in thesis on radio, as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is describe your bedroom essay, arguably the most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right!
13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the thesis on radio, experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. Your Bedroom? And remember to thesis on radio allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to percentiles the one you’re applying to). 14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to on radio pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job.
No matter how long you’ve been in a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in your bedroom, a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to thesis throw in tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to your essay all of them. Use as many facts, figures, and thesis on radio numbers as you can in your bullet points.
How many people were impacted by sat essay, your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to on radio achieve them. Essay? Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to thesis adding more to essay your resume . People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and thesis add in what the benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by virginia wolf, hiring you. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to thesis sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an describe your bedroom essay “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to thesis get across.
Think about virginia wolf essay how you can demonstrate these attributes in on radio, your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for! 20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on gcse past papers your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of thesis, better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points. Doctoral Thesis? Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in thesis, applicant tracking systems.
Stuck on which words to essay include? Dump the on radio, job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and Penny Lick spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are. 24. On Radio? Experience First, Education Second.
Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college. An Essay The Best Learn English The Layout? 25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in thesis on radio, reverse chronological order. Write The Best Way To Learn? But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates.
The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. While you don’t need to list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education.
Don’t be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. On Radio? Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the skills you need for your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the virginia essay, relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and on radio any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to doctoral thesis skip including skills that everyone is thesis, expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of thesis, skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and on radio leadership skills—try breaking out one of sat essay, those sections and listing it on its own. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an “Interests” section on your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job.
Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about it. 32. Beware of thesis, Interests That Could Be Controversial. Sat Essay Percentiles? Maybe you help raise money for thesis, your church on the reg.
Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Your Essay? Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of thesis, whether to include them or not. Essay? Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Thesis? Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about Penny personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. On Radio? Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from your resume. According to The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in an interview.
If you have gaps of virginia essay, a few months in your work history, don’t list the usual start and end dates for each position. Thesis On Radio? Use years only describe bedroom essay (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at your earlier positions. On Radio? If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. Re-entering the sat essay, workforce after a long hiatus? This is the perfect opportunity for a summary statement at on radio the top, outlining your best skills and an essay the best learn . follow accomplishments. Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work.
See more tips from Jenny Foss for thesis on radio, killing it on your comeback resume. Don’t try to creatively fill in sat essay, gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on thesis on radio your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is interested in you, he or she will ask you for references—and will assume that you have them. There’s no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of typos.
And don’t rely on virginia wolf spell check and on radio grammar check alone—ask family or friends to take a look at describe your essay it for on radio, you (or get some tips from an editor on how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc. That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on his or her computer. To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at it in sat essay, both Google Docs and thesis on radio Word, and then attach it to Penny Lick an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of on radio, “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to take. Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates. Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. When your resume is bedroom essay, updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to pounce when opportunity presents itself.
And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in tip-top shape. Photo courtesy of thesis on radio, Hero Images / Getty Images . Psychology Research Past Papers? Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and on radio content strategist who is passionate about essay elevating the thesis on radio, standard of writing on the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the company’s branded content team. Thesis Erp? If you’re an thesis on radio individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to go out to tea—get in touch at eringreenawald.com. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class.
While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the gcse methods past papers, amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
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essayons translation November 4, 2014. PDF seems like a day-to-day word. On Radio! You need to have one created or converted. We have discussed several PDF services so far – all are free of charge, and here are more essential PDF tools, mainly “converters“. Read More November 4, 2014. Have you ever wanted to convert files without the need to download software? Well, that is write an essay how ZAMZAR introduces itself. Read More November 4, 2014. Have you ever needed to extract images from on radio a PDF file?
This might be easy for your essay, one image, but for thesis, tens of images in one or multiple PDF files, you need to do this automatically. There are free simple tools that make the your bedroom essay, process easier and faster. Read More November 3, 2014. PDF files are not the same – a known secret? Well, remembering this fact is very important when you select software for converting your PDF files to on radio, text.
Let’s try to classify PDF files. Read More PDFescape: Free PDF Editor #038; Form Filler. November 3, 2014. Received a PDF file and doctoral, need to edit it? Looking for a free PDF editor? PDFescape enables users to edit PDF files, fill in PDF forms, add or remove pieces of text, rearrange pages, or completely remove pages from thesis files. Read More TMLookup: Translation Memory Concordancer. October 30, 2014. TMLookup is a free tool for searching translation memories and glossaries.
It can handle large TMs and multilingual databases, containing millions of entries. TMLookup can be used even without a CAT tool. Percentiles! Read More 3 Tips for on radio, Preparing Video Game Localization Kit. October 14, 2014. An essential part of sat essay percentiles a video game localization project is planning. The first step in the planning process is to perform a pre-localization analysis to thesis, determine the budget and your bedroom essay, the depth of localization. For example, will the localization consist of on radio translating only the marketing material and player’s manual or will it be a complete localization that will also translate the Penny Ice Cream, gaming text and modify the video in the game. Once the pre-localization has been completed, it is time to develop a video game localization kit.
Read More 7 Reasons to Coordinate with Translators for Game Localization. October 10, 2014. It is often questioned whether a game translator should be appointed during game development, or after it is completed. Well, we suggest the developer-translator coordination right from the first day of game development. Why?
Let’s find out the main reasons for thesis, that. Psychology Research Methods! Read More Video Game Localization #038; Cultural Adaptation. The evolution of video games since their inception in the 1970’s has exploded into the Internet Age and morphed into a worldwide phenomenon. Thesis! As the games, developers, and Penny Lick Ice Cream, players have become more sophisticated, entire fields and professions have been created to meet the challenges of marketing and selling the on radio, games around the world. A crucial step in that process is called localization, and is a process to adapt the game to erp, its new target audience. Localization could simply be translating and redesigning the thesis on radio, packaging, or more extensive such as changing the scenes in the game and the appearance of the characters to sat essay percentiles, appeal to the players in the new market. Cultural adaptation, or culturalization is on radio a more in depth process to make sure that the game is erp free from thesis cultural barriers to gcse methods, full acceptance by gamers in the target country/culture. Thesis! Read More 5 Essentials for Successful Game Localization.
September 29, 2014. Localizers have a critical role to thesis erp, play in the development of on radio games. They work closely with game makers as translation must be embedded in many aspects of the software. This includes character names, rules of the psychology gcse research methods, game, help topics, weapons, and so on. The major disadvantage that comes with being a localizer is time and scheduling constraints as needs to be incorporated as the game is being developed, not after it is completed. This situation comes with its own set of challenges. Hence the thesis, market has established a few criteria that are essential for game localization. Read More Game Localization History: Brief Overview.
September 27, 2014. Game localization is very important in the video game industry and has played a key role in psychology methods papers the incredible growth of the video game industry. It has allowed the industry to on radio, sell their games in every country worldwide and enabled enjoyment of those games by thousands if not millions of people. It has made the Penny Ice Cream, video game industry a very lucrative business. The localization industry has evolved over the years and thesis on radio, is imperative to translating the wolf, games for worldwide distribution. Read More Pricing for on radio, Machine Translation Post-Editing. September 16, 2014.
In order to preserve the Lick, efficiency gained by using machine translation (MT), rather than full human translation, it is thesis on radio essential to minimise the cost of post editing. This is Penny Ice Cream a complex and controversial issue since post-editing is essential, but also time-consuming and requiring highly skilled human translators. Read More Machine Translation Post-Editing Guidelines and Recommendations. September 14, 2014. Are you a linguist requested to work on a machine translation post-editing project? Here are some recommendations and guidelines for machine translation post-editors. Read More Multilingual Magazine: FREE Subscription.
September 13, 2014. It is on radio a great offer to Ice Cream, share, thanks to thesis on radio, Multilingual team who made this possible. Read More Machine Translation Post-Editing Types. September 10, 2014. Post Editing is the next step after completing the bedroom essay, machine translation (MT) process and evaluating its output. A human translator processes the document to verify that the source and target texts convey the same information and that the tone of the translation is consistent with the original document. The quality of on radio machine translation varies and affects the subsequent effort required for post editing. There are contributory factors to the quality of the MT such as the psychology methods papers, clarity and quality of the source text; it is important to make sure that the source text is well-written and well-suited for machine translation beforehand. On Radio! Other considerable factors that affect MT output quality include: the type of psychology gcse methods past MT used, and the compatibility of the source and target languages. There are two types or levels of post editing Read More Evaluation of thesis Machine Translation Output. September 1, 2014.
To insure the validity of machine translation (MT) output, there are different methods of evaluation. A rudimentary form of Lick Ice Cream evaluation is to perform a “round-trip translation”, meaning that the original text is machine translated into the target language, and on radio, then the result of write an essay way to learn english that process is translated back into thesis on radio the original language to the best way to english . follow, test the quality of the machine translation. As the quality of machine translation continues to improve, a reliable method for evaluation will also be necessary. Thesis On Radio! Currently, there are two main types of evaluation used for machine translation: human and automated. Read More Machine Translation History #038; Approaches. Machine Translation (MT) refers to Penny Ice Cream, automated language translation. On Radio! The concept has been around since the 1600’s but has come into its own beginning in the twentieth century.
Along with the invention of electronic calculators came the development of ways to adapt computer technology to language translation of documents. Research became prevalent at Penny Lick, universities in the mid 1950’s to develop and test machines to perform tasks previously only possible by human translators. Read More Lingoes: Free Intuitive Dictionary Application. Lingoes is a single-click dictionary and multi-language translation program providing results in over 60 languages. Lingoes is often compared to on radio, Babylon dictionary due to Penny, similarities in functionalities, and most importantly being freeware. Lingoes provides translation from/to English as well as languages such as German, French, Italian, Spanish, Finnish, Dutch, Portuguese, Russian, Greek, Swedish, Arabic, Turkish, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Vietnamese, Thai, etc. Here is how to use this program. Read More IntelliWebSearch: Search Across Several Resources on the Fly. When researching online, it is helpful to search for the same term or topic through various sources such as dictionaries academic journals, articles, websites, publications, and encyclopaedias like Wikipedia. However, this also means a great amount of time being wasted in researching online.
To save time while searching the same term online across multiple sources, let IntelliWebSearch do the on radio, magic for sat essay, you. It is an all-in-one multi-purpose application that searches for a same term across several resources. Here is a small guide on how to thesis on radio, download, install and use it. Read More Trello: Collaborative Task and Project Management. Organizing our lives these days has become difficult. Thanks to websites and software dedicated to Lick Ice Cream, project management and organization of routines, you can now get your tasks sorted in a priority order. Here we are reviewing Trello, a free project management tool that can be used by individuals and thesis, businesses alike for Lick Ice Cream, managing their work.
Not only does Trello make your life easier, but it also provides a lot of convenience that regular email communication does not provide. Let’s see how to use Trello to manage your tasks. Read More Lingohub offers one platform for developers and translators for software localization. On Radio! With economical pricing plans and the option of write learn english trying the platform for free, Lingohub makes it easy to localize mobile or web application with seamless integration into the development process. Here is on radio a quick tutorial on how to use Lingohub for mobile app translations. Read More Writefull: Improve Your Writing Skills. There are many apps available online that you can download to improve your writing skills.
One free English-improving software that caught our attention is Writefull app. Relatively new in the market, Writefull is a lightweight, feature-rich app with an thesis erp intuitive user interface. It works on the basic principles of analyzing written text through Google to check your writing skills. Here is a detailed tutorial on how to use Writefull application. Read More Are you looking for thesis, a good Translation Memory editor, and free of charge? You need to perform TM maintenance tasks, including editing large TMX files, clean translation memories in batches, cleaning tags in translation memories, and virginia wolf, Quality Assurance of translation memories. Thesis! You prefer a cross-platform application working on Windows, Mac, and Linux. Heartsome TMX Editor can be your good choice. Read More Have you ever faced a computer issue, but you were not able to gcse, describe it precisely to thesis on radio, a technical support specialist to help you troubleshoot it? Or have you ever wanted to describe the steps of doing something on your computer to assist someone else. It might help that you record the steps and save them to a file.
You can do so using Problem Steps Recorder to research methods papers, automatically record your interactions, including a text description. On Radio! Problem Steps Recorder is psychology methods papers integrated into Windows by default; so you do not need to thesis on radio, download or install anything additional application. Read More Tuxtrans: Translator Operating System. An operating system dedicated for translators? Yes! Tuxtrans is an operating system developed to meet the percentiles, daily needs of translators; it can also be used in translator education to help students become familiar with translation environments. Tuxtrans comes with a wide range of thesis applications that can enable translators to do their job in an effective manner. Read More Have you ever dreamt of using Microsoft Office on your tablet or phone? Many people want not only to save documents, spreadsheets, and gcse research papers, presentations online, but also to share documents with others and work together simultaneously, and thesis on radio, yes – for FREE. Consider the power of Office 365.
Read More AmaGama Translation Memory Server. What is amaGama? Well, it is a Zulu word that means “words“. Furthermore, amaGama is a web service for bedroom, implementing a large-scale translation memory. It allows finding matches similar to on radio, your current text using powerful matching algorithms such as Levenshtein distance measures. Read More Free Portable Application Suite for Translators. Do you still wonder about applications useful for your translation workstation? You need to find free simple tools that can enhance your work and make your life as a translator easier, and you do not like installing too many programs on virginia wolf essay your machine. PortableCAT is a 100% free/open-source application suite for on radio, translators. Read More Terminology Sharing with GoldenDict #038; multiQA.
Still cannot find an easy way to share terminology with your colleagues? Exchanging glossaries via email everyday is not convenient. Describe Bedroom Essay! Many translators want to thesis on radio, simultaneously share new terms with fellow linguists working on the same project even while using different CAT tools. Describe Your Bedroom! However, some terminology sharing systems are either so expensive or complex. multiQA offers an out-of-the-box method for thesis on radio, terminology collaboration. Read More Translate SDLXLIFF Files using translate5. translate5 is a browser-based OpenSource system for editing and analysing translations.
In translate5, users can edit, comment, filter, and sort translations. Thesis Erp! The tool supports terminology tagging, relay languages, and reference files, and includes components for workflow, task management, and user administration. translate5 supports SDLXLIFF as import format; SDLXLIFF files can be edited in the browser – without license fees. Read More Opening Trados 2007 TMW Translation Memories in Trados Studio or Other Tools. TMW is the format of native translation memories of Trados 2007 and thesis on radio, earlier versions. You may receive TMW translation memories (actually five files: *.iix, *.mdf, *.mtf, *.mwf, and *.tmw for essay, each translation memory) while you need to use Trados Studio or another tool. Actually, you cannot use TMW translation memories directly in SDL Trados Studio or another tool; however, there is a couple of on radio methods that will enable you to percentiles, make use of your legacy TMs.
Read More Document Cleaner: Get Rid of Too Many Tags. When you open a document in thesis a CAT tool (e.g. Psychology Gcse Research Past! memoQ, Trados, Wordfast, etc.), you might notice too many tags in on radio some segments; such files are usually converted from PDF sources. Incorrect formatting causes many problems in translation, especially if translation is done using CAT tools, creating excessive tags, which makes it hard to translate the an essay the best way to . follow the layout, text. There are a few methods to safely remove as many of these unnecessary tags as possible while retaining formatting and layout. Read More Unbabel: Human Corrected Machine Translation Service. Unbabel is an online translation service combining a Machine Translation Engine with a Crowd of thesis on radio Human Editors who correct the output of the software to ensure it is doctoral thesis correct and fluid. Thesis On Radio! Read More Translation of virginia Visio Files Using SDL Trados Studio. It might happen that your client requires you to translate Visio files, and you wonder which tool you should use. If you have received a VSD file, ask your client to save it as XML Drawing (*.vdx). Several Translation Environment Tools (TEnTs, a.k.a. CAT tools) support Visio VDX files by default, including Kilgray memoQ and Wordfast Pro.
Still, you might be required to use SDL Trados Studio and you do not want to purchase a plugin for hundreds of dollars. Thesis On Radio! Let’s see how you can translate Visio VDX files using SDL Trados Studio through creating a simple filter. Read More Skalkaz: Free Dictionary with Pronunciation – Chrome Extension. This Chrome extension helps you to look up an unknown English word. It gives the dictionary definition of the word and its pronunciation out doctoral erp loud. The app works on PDFs as well. Read More Automatically Save and thesis, Recover Files. Sometimes a program closes before you can save changes to a file you are working on.
Possible causes include: a power outage, system instability, or program crashing. The AutoSave, AutoRecover, and AutoBackup options can help you avoid losing work by automatically saving your data as often as you want. Read More GoldenDict Free Dictionary Lookup Program. GoldenDict is an essay learn english . follow the layout a feature-rich dictionary lookup program. GoldenDict supports multiple dictionary file formats, namely: Babylon .BGL files, complete with images and resources, StarDict dictionaries, Dictd dictionary files, and ABBYY files. Moreover, it supports looking up and listening to thesis on radio, pronunciations from forvo.com. Read More Competition: Congratulations, Ahmed ElMiligy! It gives us a great deal of pleasure to anounce the winner of the First Prize of localhost/translationblog March’s Competition. Read More Wordbee: Translation Management System.
Wordbee is your bedroom essay a web-based translation management system, an online collaborative platform for project management and Computer-Assisted Translation. Read More AlignAssist: Translation Memories from Old Translations. You might have old translations that were translated without a CAT tool. Now, as you use translation memories, you need to find some way to make use of such translations. There are some tools called Alignment Tools; among them is AlignAssist. Read More SDL Edit is now considered an outdated application; however, some clients still require translating or editing *.itd files. Still, you can use other tools to translate them. Read More FREE Wordfast Training: Three Coupon Winners. Three of localhost/translationblog followers have won a 10-hour Online Training Course in Wordfast, FREE of charge. Congratulations to the Winners!
Read More Sometimes, you receive a Passolo file, and you need to convert it to XLIFF, TTX, or TMX for better handling. Read More January 27, 2014. memoQ cloud is a new service offered by Kilgray which works the same way memoQ desktop editions do, offering almost the same features. memoQ cloud offers memoQ translator pro and memoQ project manager licenses. Users can also connect with desktop memoQ clients. Moreover, memoQ Cloud has the advantage that one does need to download and install the memoQ server software and to rent or purchase physical servers. One more advantage of the thesis on radio, cloud version over the desktop version is that the latter requires paying a yearly maintenance fee for getting updates after the first year while the former does not require so as updates are available online. memoQ Cloud offers a one-month trial period.
To start using memoQ Cloud, register or sign in to Language Terminal, click the “Profile” tag, and then the memoQ sub-tab. Read More Word Count Using CountFast OR CountOnIt. January 25, 2014. Word-count calculation is one of the initial steps before accepting a translation job. Although the most accurate way would be to gcse methods past papers, use “Analysis” or “Statistics” features offered by TEnTs (a.k.a TM tools), especially the one to be used for the current translation job, sometimes a quick, rough word-count is required. This article compares two online word-count tools that could be useful, especially for non-Word file formats. Read More January 14, 2014. Acrolinx provides content optimization software; it is based on on radio a linguistic analysis engine helping users create engaging, understandable, and search-ready content. Acrolinx offers a client-server architecture that analyzes content to give users feedback and metrics on content quality Read More January 10, 2014. Solving the Post Edit Puzzle by Paul Filkin (reposted with permission; original post) It would be very arrogant of gcse methods papers me to suggest that I have the solution for measuring the effort that goes into post-editing translations, wherever they originated from, but in particular machine translation. So let’s table that right away because there are many ways to measure, and pay for, post-editing work and I’m not going to suggest a single answer to thesis on radio, suit everyone.
But I think I can safely say that finding a way to measure, and pay for psychology research methods, post-editing translations in a consistent way that provided good visibility into how many changes had been made, and allowed you to build a cost model you could be happy with, is something many companies and translators are still investigating. The first problem of course is that when you use Machine Translation you can’t see where the differences are between the . Read More Adobe Captivate: Distorted Parts after Publishing to MP4. Some users faced this problem while publishing simulations in Adobe Captivate: the preview is displayed perfectly; however, when the video is published to MP4, it shows distorted slides or overlapping parts. There are some causes and possible fixes. Read More December 14, 2013. Compress… Extract… What, why, and how? The very simple answer is: compressing files in the first place is useful for thesis, reducing the size and/or protecting files from corruption especially while sending via email. Compressed files can be in formats such as ZIP or RAR. Extracting a compressed archive means copying the inclosed files into doctoral thesis erp a regular folder to be able to deal with the files safely. Read More November 19, 2013.
A bunch of new features and compatibility with Windows 8 and 8.1 Compatibility Full support of Windows 8, Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012. Compatibility of built-in AnyCount Engine with Microsoft Office 2013 Analytics Application-wide support for thesis, base volume units, similarly to Lick, base currency. New Group by option with calculation of subtotals in most tables displayed. Experience Stats for Corporate Experts Automation Projetex Automation Engine: Email reminders for thesis on radio, Projects, Clients, Quotes, Client Jobs, Corporate Jobs, Freelance Jobs, Invoices, POs. Email reminder templates customization. Email reminder log.
Security Audit logging. Essay! Reports can be assigned to different groups. Flexibility Corporate Experts can now be paid both by hours and by words, etc. Corporate Experts now can have their currencies, price lists, payments, balances, etc. A new “Base Unit” feature with a possibility to thesis on radio, set units exchange rates. Virginia Wolf Essay! “Mark as Paid” button for POs. “Create Invoice” button for thesis, Edit Client Job window. Folder . Read More