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Close reading and comparison

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A Close reading and comparison of selected poems by Ingrid Jonker

Billy Elliot Into The World Essay Essays and Research Papers. Billy Elliot The experience of moving into the world can have multiple consequences. This is highly reflected in . Steven Daldry’s direction of the film Billy Elliot (2000). The protagonist, Billy Elliot and his father Jacky Elliot go through many experiences that consequent in growth and change, barriers and obstacles as well as making decisions. The experiences of reading, moving into the world can consequent in growth and change. The jump cut between Billy dancing around the boxing ring and his opponent. Ballet , Billy Elliot , Decision making 849 Words | 3 Pages. Billy Elliot Topic: “Societies often create gender stereotypes that set impossible standards for men and women, leading to . Thinking Reviews! unhappiness, loneliness and possibly violence.” How apparent is reading and comparison this problem in English society of 1984, as seen in the film, Billy Elliot ? Stereotypes are generalizations, or assumptions, which people make about the characteristics of all members of a group, based on an image about ca display cfm ethesis_id what people in that group are like. For example, in the Billy Elliot , Jackie Elliot had to.

Billy Elliot , Family , Social class 809 Words | 3 Pages. Close! affect society There are various representations within the text that challenges the individual to experiences familiar and critical reviews new horizons. Through the . texts Billy Elliot and The short story The Story of X have helped to convey various new horizons and familiar experiences. Firstly, New horizons can be explored through both Billy Elliot and the story of 'x' with the challenging of reading, gender expectations and the effort in which the ca display cfm ethesis_id 1140 characters display in order to and comparison, breakthrough the dominant discourses. 2000 in film , Billy Elliot , Feminism 930 Words | 3 Pages. Composed Essay Few Line Mile! Billy Elliot Traditional ideas about stereotypical gender roles can be challenged or supported with different characters and reading . environments. The visual text Billy Elliot was created in 2000 and critique directed by and comparison Stephen Daldry. The film is about an essay few line william, 11 year old boy ( Billy Elliot ) who tries to pursue a career in Ballet despite negative stereotyping.

Billy must overcome many obstacles in his path including his stereotypical father and brother who are convinced that men cannot do Ballet. Billy Elliot demonstrates. Ballet , Billy Elliot , Gender 1277 Words | 3 Pages. ?English Essay - How does Billy Elliot represent relationships and Close identity? Manliness consists not in bluff, . bravado or loneliness. It consists in daring to do the right thing and facing consequences whether in matters social, political or other. It consists in ca display cfm ethesis_id 1140 deeds, not words.” Mahatma Gandhi, 1869 – 1948 In the film “ Billy Elliot ,” Lee Hall and Stephen Daldry use Billy’s relationships with friends and family to demonstrate themes of identity and masculinity. There are three main relationships.

Billy Elliot , Ethics , Gender 1264 Words | 3 Pages. BILLY ELLIOT Film Metalanguage Juxtapositioning – the organisation of scenes so that their differences made comment – eg. . gloomy interior of the Elliot kitchen and the light and grace of the Ballet School auditorium Motif – the and comparison reception of an image (or piece of music) throughout a text contribute meaning to the work eg doors in essays Billy Elliot Segue – the imperceptible movement from once scene to another Mise-en-scene – French term – putting into Close and comparison the scene – the critical thinking homeschool composition of reading and comparison, a scene or shot. Billy Elliot , Birmingham Royal Ballet , Close-up 2470 Words | 7 Pages. Billy Elliot – Into the World There are a variety of essays on we, pathways and Close and comparison elements, which enables individual transition . into a New World . Were! ‘Into the reading World ’ is about people choosing the next pathway into their life by their own determination, experiences and support which enables them to go beyond their original location and narrow view of the essay mile world . Close And Comparison! ‘ Billy Elliot ’ relates to composed essay few line mile william, the elective ‘Into the World ’ as the film is about new possibilities opening up, determination, family support and individual growth. Close And Comparison! Ballet , Billy Elliot , Birmingham Royal Ballet 1259 Words | 4 Pages. 2010 QUESTION ‘The experience of moving into the world can challenge individuals’ attitudes and beliefs.’ Discuss this view with reference to . your prescribed text and at least ONE other related text of essays, your own choosing. Moving into reading the world is were the mulvaneys a transitional phase which is marked by many challenges such as an individuals’ attitudes and beliefs. It is the process of individuals adapting from one world of experience into another. ‘ Billy Elliot ’, a film directed by Stephen Daldry is a text which.

Gender , Gender role , High-angle shot 802 Words | 3 Pages. Into the World conveyed in the film Billy Elliot ? ‘Into the World ’ describes a concept of a growth . and change experienced by and comparison an individual – whether the change is physically, emotionally or intellectually- from the transition between one stage to another. In this transition there are often barriers and obstacles which the individual faces and cfm ethesis_id needs to overcome. Close Reading And Comparison! The notion of ‘into the world ’ is composed few line mile wordsworth clearly displayed in the film Billy Elliot (2000) directed by Stephen Daldry. Reading And Comparison! The film Billy Elliot set in. Ca Display Cfm Ethesis_id 1140! Billy Elliot , Close-up , Dance 1130 Words | 3 Pages. Billy Elliot the Musical and Father.

Into the World Essay An individual must overcome obstacles and challenges in reading and comparison order to grow up and enter a new phase in life. . On We The Mulvaneys! The challenges a person may encounter could be anything from moving schools to a change of and comparison, authority in the family home. In the movie Billy Elliot (2000) by thesis array Stephen Daldry, the audience sees the Close reading many challenges a young boy names Billy faces. Also, in essays the poem ‘If’ by Rudyard Kipling, the audience reads about what a young boy must go through to ultimately grow up and become. Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the Close Musical , Boy 893 Words | 3 Pages. Daldry, the director of Billy Elliot , exploits Maslow’s theory to depict a coal miner’s son from Northern England who desires to . Cfm Ethesis_id! be a ballet dancer. Billy Elliot is a musical version of the British movie of the same name, and both of them are directed by Close Stephan Daldry. Although the movie was his first debut as a director, it brought enormous success with various awards. 1140! In terms of music, the iconic singer and reading composer Elton John was so moved by the movie “ Billy Elliot ” composed the of research music for. Abraham Maslow , Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the Musical 1356 Words | 4 Pages. Close! Explain how Billy Elliot and ONE other related text of your own choosing portray the consequences of moving into the . world . On Punk! The prescribed text is: – Stephen Daldry, Billy Elliot ‘Into the and comparison World ’ describes a concept of a growth and change experienced by an individual – whether the change is physical, emotional or intellectual- from one stage to on we were the mulvaneys, another.

In this transition there are often barriers and obstacles which the individual faces and needs to overcome. The notion of ‘into the world ’ is reading clearly. Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the Musical , Birmingham Royal Ballet 1062 Words | 3 Pages. How Is the cfm ethesis_id Concept of ‘Into the World’ Conveyed in the Film Billy Elliot? is the concept of ‘into the world ’ conveyed in the film Billy Elliot ? People encounter different experiences and . respond to the individually. These personal experiences may result in growth, change or other consequences. There are a variety of pathways and elements which enables for the transition of an individual into reading and comparison a new world . An individual’s determination to critical thinking homeschool reviews, pursue a dream can inspire them to challenge society’s expectations as they transition into a new world . Close! However, there are barriers. Ballet , Billy Elliot , Birmingham Royal Ballet 1199 Words | 3 Pages. ? BILLY ELLIOT ESSAY : Describe at least ONE idea that was worth learning about in the text(s). Essays The Mulvaneys! . Explain why the idea was worth learning about in the text(s) as a whole, using examples of visual and Close / oral language features to on we the mulvaneys, support your ideas. In the film ‘ Billy Elliot ’ directed by Stephen Daldry, a memorable idea that was worth learning about was that we should persevere in following our dreams. Billy shows this throughout the film by his determination and his passion. Ballet , Classical ballet 1366 Words | 3 Pages.

Gagne ENG3U1-14 October 17, 2014 Billy Elliot : Close Analysis Assignment The “angry dance” scene takes place after Billy’s . brother spent the night in jail and Billy missed his audition. Close And Comparison! The camera angles in this scene are used to in a very interesting way. Everyone starts off in the kitchen where the camera is on all of them and moving around the room every now and then. Tony lifts Billy onto the table and tries to make him dance, however, Mrs. Wilkinson tells Billy not to. Thinking Reviews! When the argument between. Reading! Billy Elliot , Dance , Performance 948 Words | 3 Pages.

Which character changes the most? Discuss Billy Elliot , directed by Stephen Daldry is critique of research paper a film set in County Durham, England . Close Reading And Comparison! during the Miner’s Strike in 1984. The theme change is portrayed in a range of different ways and the characters who are able to exhibit this are Jacky, Tony and Billy . They face many glitches which illustrate their individual journey in the film that are impacted by the strikes. Jacky Elliot is a miner on strike who is irritated because he is unable to bring money to. Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the Musical , Birmingham Royal Ballet 887 Words | 3 Pages. Billy Elliot , Birmingham Royal Ballet , Coal mining 2330 Words | 7 Pages. Billy Elliot Context: • Margaret Thatcher --- Thatcherism • 1979 – 1990 • Harsh policies – free trade, no government . intervention in business, increase in of research paper rate of tax for lower income, decrease in rate of tax for higher income • Set in 1984, Durran, Coalfield mining town in England Film: • Strong family images (still images) vs. strike of miners = rich family life vs. violence (contrast) • Scab = industrial relations talk – people who go to work even when union is on reading strike • Cultural –. Billy Elliot , Close-up , Family 969 Words | 5 Pages. BILLY ELLIOT The film Billy Elliot emphasizes the notion of ‘Into the world ’ by . describing concepts of growth, transition and change. Whether this change is physical, emotional or intellectual, there is a transition by the individual from one stage to another. The individuals had to face many barriers and obstacles which needed to be overcome.

Billy overcame stereotypes as did other characters in the film. The themes of emotional growth and stereotypes are constantly explored in this film and. Billy Elliot , Close-up , Film editing 1306 Words | 4 Pages. Representations of Gender Billy Elliot. Cfm Ethesis_id 1140! Representations of Gender – Billy Elliot In the movie “ Billy Elliot ” there is many representations . of and comparison, gender. The characters challenge and reinforce certain stereotypes shown and the audience is on we were the mulvaneys positioned to respond in a particular way.

PLOT This story is set in Close a mining town just outside of London. A young boy, Billy , has a passion and rock talent for dance that drives him to defy all the Close and comparison social and cultural rules in his world . By following his dream Billy challenges the stereotype for boys in. Billy Elliot , Homosexuality , Stereotype 751 Words | 3 Pages. Love and friendship plays a major role in everyday life. This is shown particularly well in william wordsworth the film Billy Elliot , directed by reading and comparison . Stephan Daldry. It is set in essays on we Everington in 1984, during the miners’ strike.

Throughout the film love and friendship is portrayed in a range of Close, different ways as Billy , the main character, has a different relationship with each of the ca display cfm ethesis_id 1140 other characters. The effective use of symbolic and technical film codes and the narrative elements; point of reading, view, plot and thesis array characterization. Ballet , Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the Musical 2096 Words | 7 Pages. Reading And Comparison! FILM STUDY GUIDE: BILLY ELLIOT : As we go back over the film, scene by scene. Summary. The Miners Strike Lee Hall, the writer . of critical thinking homeschool, Billy Elliot , set his screenplay in a mining village in the north east of England, during the Miners Strike of 1984. He sees the Close reading strike as '…a class war where the state was mobilised against a small group of people.

It left me with a sense of indignation which has fuelled much of my work.' Billy’s father and his brother Tony are both miners so the family are under tremendous. Billy Elliot , Birmingham Royal Ballet , Emotion 1822 Words | 7 Pages. Compare the Harp in the South to Billy Elliot. difference can’t be trusted, and doesn’t belong. It is the safe way of life in both the poor mining town of Everington, and thesis array the back streets of Surry Hills. . Throughout this essay I will be comparing and contrasting the differences and similarities between the families in the film Billy Elliot and the novel The Harp in the South. Close Reading! The Elliots and the Darcy’s were poor.

The Darcy’s lived in the oldest, ugliest house on thesis antenna array Plymouth Street, where they were charged an exorbitant rent for a rundown, ratty, gas. Close! Billy Elliot , Cycle of poverty , Love 1648 Words | 4 Pages. stages, each with its own set of obstacles and challenges which, if successfully overcome, can enrich one’s experience. A significant role in this process . is played by familial and social values and external interventions. Rock! Stephen Daldry’s film ‘ Billy Elliot ’ (2000) depicts the Close and comparison protagonist’s growth as he discovers a passion for ballet which drives him to break free from traditional masculine stereotypes in essays on we his mining hometown. This similar drive traces the quest of the Brennan Family in the Australian. 2000 in film , Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the Musical 962 Words | 3 Pages. Billy Elliot - Quotations Dad: Listen, have you noticed anything weird about Close and comparison our Billy lately? Tony: What are . you after like, a list? Billy : Just because I like ballet doesn't mean I'm a poof, you know.

Mrs. On Punk Rock! Wilkinson: Find a place on that bloody wall and focus on that spot. Then whip your head 'round and Close reading come back to that spot. Prepare! Mrs. Wilkinson: Right, Mr.

Braithwaite, The Sun Will Come Out Tomorrow. [to herself] Mrs. Wilkinson: Fat chance! Billy : So what about your. Ballet , Profanity 1234 Words | 5 Pages. Identity - Billy Elliot/Unreliable Memoirs. and Billy Elliot both thoroughly explores the idea of thinking reviews, identity and shows how identity can be shaped, changed and refined through . life experiences and Close reading and comparison social interaction. In Billy Elliot , dancing makes up a major part of Billy's identity as it is not only a means of expressing himself but also a symbol of liberation and critical thinking freedom. Through dance, Billy creates his own identity and breaks out of the expectations of Close, his family and community, such as the family tradition of being a miner. Billy emotionally.

Dance 846 Words | 3 Pages. Critical Homeschool Reviews! venture into new experiences there can be an upheaval of the equilibrium. A wider community can be impacted upon Close, when a member of that group chooses to . Ca Display 1140! explore their options, for whatever purpose. Close Reading! In Billy Elliot , a film directed by Stephen Daldry in 2000, Billy’s challenging and exciting foray into the world of ballet has consequences for critique of research paper him, his family, and the wider community of Everington. This transition not only leads to Close, a deepened understanding of himself, it also sees a shift in attitudes and. Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the Musical , Birmingham Royal Ballet 1217 Words | 3 Pages. A Synopsis of the Movie Billy Elliot. outweigh cost to have a compatible relationship. 1140! In the movie of Billy Elliot , this is extremely obvious in the relationship of . Billy and Mrs. Wilkinson. These two put in time and effort so that they can reap the benefits later in the movie, Mrs. Close And Comparison! Wilkinson teaches Billy how to critique paper, dance for free during her free time. She wishes nothing more then for him to succeed and in turn he lives out the dream she never could.

In the opposite, Billy works hard because he see’s that Mrs. Close Reading And Comparison! Wilkinson’s dream was never. Billy Elliot , Cosmo Kramer , Family 930 Words | 2 Pages. the text(s). Essays On Punk! Explain why the reading idea was worth learning about in the text(s) as a whole, using examples of visual and/or oral language features to support your . ideas. The film Billy Elliot directed by Stephen Daldry, is set in the miners town of Durham in the north east of Engand in the 1980’s. The film focuses on Billy Elliot , a 12 year old boy who is homeschool pressured and abused by his violent family as he tries to pursue his love of Close reading, dancing in a predominantly miners town where ballet is for girls. An idea. Ballet , Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the Musical 1309 Words | 4 Pages. pathway that an individual takes to enter the new world allows for growth and thesis on microstrip antenna change” An individual's willingness to step out of their . comfort zone determines the pathway and significant experiences that they face in and comparison their transition into the new world . This concept has been successfully conveyed through Daldry’s film, Billy Elliot , which explores multiple perspectives and their response to life situations as they move into the new world . Both Billy and essays his brother Tony are confronted with a violent. Billy Elliot , Gender , Gender role 1547 Words | 4 Pages. RELATED TEXT 1 TITLE: BILLY ELLIOT COMPOSER: STEPHEN DALDRY TEXT TYPE: FILM The life stage of entering a new . Reading And Comparison! world is crucial for oneself, in requiring an individual to adopt optimistic branches in a plethora of life aspects.

This perception is successfully conveyed through Stephen Daldry’s 2000 drama motion picture, Billy Elliot , and is assisted by the director’s application of the tools of film production. In enhancing the rock perspective communicated through J.C. Burke’s 2005 Australian novel. Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the Musical , Perception 548 Words | 2 Pages. transition to a new phase of life” Good morning students and welcome to ‘Into the World Day’ at Newcastle University. And Comparison! Today I’m going to be . speaking to you all about challenges and overcoming obstacles that one will experience in their transition into a new phase of life. The film ‘ Billy Elliot ’ composed by Stephen Daldry, and ‘Big World ’ written by Tim Winton both display these obstacles one must overcome. ‘Into the World ’ is best described as transitioning and growing from past experiences into your. Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the Musical , English-language films 875 Words | 2 Pages. Practice essay writing. 27 July, 2010 Significant experiences in critical homeschool people’s lives provide opportunities for growth and development. Write . a persuasive argument to support this statement.

Introduction, including • thesis (a summary statement that succinctly answers the question.) • both texts you are using and their composers • a summary of what you are going to say in your essay . Body • TEE(E)L paragraphs for each point you are going to Close, make. The progression of moving ‘into. 2000 in film , Billy Elliot , Earth 396 Words | 2 Pages. 1140! ?Film analysis of Billy Elliot Billy Elliot is a film about a young boy who discovers and starts . dancing ballet. His father and brother work in and comparison the mines and are working class people. But still Billy’s father manages to ca display cfm ethesis_id 1140, let Billy go to boxing lessons. Billy doesn’t love boxing and isn’t very good either.

When the local ballet dancers start practicing in the same venue as he does, he develops an interest in the dancing and soon joins the ballet group. Close Reading And Comparison! Billy has to hide the ballet dancing from his. Ballet , Birmingham Royal Ballet , Family 1128 Words | 3 Pages. Cfm Ethesis_id! a particular type of person or thing.” For example, the stereotype of the woman as the carer. Gender Stereotypes - Billy . Elliot • Scene 1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qyLJCNyRov0list=PL63734261305C 0452src_vid=69RNNex-sigfeature=ivannotation_id=annotation_9 12565 • Scene 2 http ://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jmgV3OFn0aEindex=4list=PL637342 61305C0452 What emotions did Billy portray in the two scenes? Billy’s emotions Write a letter to Billy’s dad discussing his passion for dancing and Close reading how. 2000 in essays on we the mulvaneys film , 2000s drama films , Billy Elliot 269 Words | 7 Pages. Characterization of Billy Elliot Billy Elliot is a 12-year-old boy who lives with his father Jackie, . his big brother Tony and his eighty-year-old grandmother in Everington in Northeast England at the time of the miners' strike in mid-1980s.

He is the protagonist in the story and is principled, likable, and vivacious with a musical tone in his body. His mother Sarah who died two years before the Close reading and comparison beginning of the composed few line wordsworth story was a musician and used to play on the piano for the whole family. Unlike the. Billy Elliot , Birmingham Royal Ballet , Family 922 Words | 3 Pages. have studied this year The film Billy Elliot by reading and comparison Stephen Daldry is on microstrip antenna about a person choosing the next pathway in his life by his . own determination. This enables him to go beyond his original location and narrow view of the world . Billy Elliot is about new possibilities opening up, determination, and individual growth. To demonstrate character development, this text uses different types of techniques like contrast, symbolism and reading and comparison emotional language. Of Research Paper! Billy Elliot is a social drama as it deals with.

Ballet , Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the Musical 686 Words | 2 Pages. (portrayal of gender and Close masculinity) This essay examines the visual representations of working-class masculinity portrayed in Stephen . Daldry?s stage musical adaptation of the film Billy Elliot (2000). After a brief discussion of the portrayal of the male ballet dancer in the dancing scene since the of research paper 1990s and the inherent voyeuristic inclinations of contemporary audiences, the analysis will focus on Close reading and comparison five aspects of male presence in Billy Elliot the Musical (2005). The dynamics of composed essay few line mile, working-class. Reading And Comparison! Dance , Dance therapy , Gender 745 Words | 2 Pages. career path or sexuality, which still continues in modern Western societies. Time set during miner’s strike of North England, early 1980’s Entire town . participating in the strike violently ? continued presence of riot police against thinking homeschool reviews, strikers affects Billy into cultivating his pursuit of Close reading and comparison, passion to cfm ethesis_id, become a ballet dancer. Audience Not intended for a young audience regardless of an eleven year old protagonist Contains themes of identity, homophobia and Close and comparison family relationships Purpose Present viewers. 1140! Ballet , Birmingham Royal Ballet , Dance music 731 Words | 2 Pages. Moving into the world is a significant experience in a person’s life which provides opportunities for growth and Close reading development. Thesis Array! Change in . attitude, development of knowledge and change in identity are all aspects of moving into the world however, it is not as simple as it seems and it consists of being faced with barriers which an reading and comparison, individual learns to overcome. Moving into 1140 the world is explored in two texts which are Billy Elliot , by Stephan Daldry, and Eminem’s song “Lose Yourself”.

Change in attitude. Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the Musical , Low-angle shot 1153 Words | 3 Pages. Moving into Close the world is a notion which encompasses transition and change. The concept explores how both choices and consequences can alter an . individual both physically and emotionally. Billy Elliot , a film directed by Stephen Daldry (2000), is array a film with a powerful message about venturing into a new world . It explores the themes of Close reading and comparison, maturity and growth as well as gender conflicts.

The choices and consequences endured by the characters of the film are used to highlight the positive and negative. Rock! Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the reading Musical , Earth 2044 Words | 5 Pages. Billy Elliot Select scenes from thesis array, this film and explain how the director has used filming techniques to reading and comparison, create the atmosphere and . develop the themes. ‘ Billy Elliot ’ directed by Stephen Daldry outlines the transition of Billy Elliot , from a constrained society with limited expectations and restrictive gender roles, out into the broad horizons of the larger world . Daldry effectively used a range of filming techniques such as camera angles, camera shots and dialogue to develop the theme of moving. Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the Musical , Birmingham Royal Ballet 574 Words | 2 Pages. Essays On We! Title: How important is support in and comparison the film “ Billy Elliot ” Introduction: - General sentence . -Explain the film Paragraph 1: - Topic sentence - Example ---- Family support - Explanation ---- Family support is the key to pursue his/her dream. - Linking sentence Paragraph 2: - Topic sentence - Example ---- in need of ca display 1140, money urgently. Reading And Comparison! - Explanation ---- Billy’s family doesn’t have enough.

2000s drama films , BAFTA Award for Best Film , Billy Elliot 532 Words | 2 Pages. Billy Elliot (Jamie Bell) is an thesis antenna, shy 11-year-old living with his proud miner father (Gary Lewis) and Close and comparison older brother Tony (Jamie . Draven) during the political and social unrest of the 1984 miner's strike. Composed Essay William Wordsworth! Times are hard - the men of the house spend their days on the picket lines clashing with the police, while Billy navigates the minefield of reading and comparison, adolescence and takes care of his increasingly senile grandmother (Jean Heywood). Determined to forge his son in his own image, Billy's father sends him for. Billy Elliot , Gender , Gender role 2974 Words | 9 Pages. Delilah and Billy Elliot , in which all three of these characters attempt to go against these pressures, to overcome them and essays . create their own identities. These three characters suffer different consequences because of this challenging of the identity of your culture – challenging your own stereotype.

By using symbols, dialogue (or lack of) and other elements such as elder figures, these visual texts highlight the personal cost of breaking the reigns of society. A close study of Billy Elliot shows the. Close Reading! Ballet , Billy Elliot , Birmingham Royal Ballet 3947 Words | 11 Pages. Essay Few Line Mile William! Billy Elliot speech Hello I am here to talk about the film billy Elliot which was based on my . life. In this movie it shows there is a variety of pathways and elements, which enables individuals to transition into a New World . ‘Into the and comparison World ’ is about people choosing the next pathway into their life by their own determination, experiences and support. Which enables them to go beyond their original location and narrow view of the world ? ‘ Billy Elliot ’ relates to ‘Into the 1140 World ’ as the film is.

Ballet , Billy Elliot 454 Words | 2 Pages. Written by kim cropper “Into the world ” is reading about individuals making big decisions and choosing new pathways. They choose these by their own . determination, support and experiences which allows them to break out of their cocoon and transition into a new world with different experiences. These pathways can offer us possibilities or problems. “ Billy Elliot ”, a film directed by ca display cfm ethesis_id Stephan Dauldry portrays the difficulties of growing up whilst dealing with a variety of social issues such as poverty, rigid. 2000s drama films , Africa , Billy Elliot 432 Words | 2 Pages. Billy Elliot is a movie about a young boy who has I tough with his family, he wants to Close reading, do ballet instead o doing boxing. Billy’s . dad is really sexist when it comes to thinking reviews, boys doing ballet and and comparison he says to Billy “boys do boxing or football or wrestling not firkin ballet!” Jackie (Billy’s father) gave Billy fifty pence each day for him to go to his boxing classes, but Billy would be using the fifty pence to do ballet classes behind Jackie’s back. Because Billy hates boxing, and to be honest he’s really. 2000 in critical thinking reviews film , Billy Elliot , Blue 604 Words | 2 Pages. Context Assignment For Billy Elliot Topic sentence: Different types of conflict often occur within a family.

Families are . portrayed throughout most films and reading and comparison texts, as indestructible, constantly supportive, and held together by a bond that is not able to be changed or broken. This ‘perfect’ image is unable to be supported in reality. Conflicts that occur between families, particularly between parents and children, are common in today’s belligerent world . Although, the stereotypical views. Adolescence , Billy Elliot , Family 617 Words | 2 Pages. What Have the Attitudes and Actions of People in Billy Elliot Revealed to You About Venturing Into Society?

HSC 2008 Question 12 – Elective 2: Into the array world (20 marks) Question: What have the attitudes and actions of people in your texts revealed . to you about venturing into society? In your response refer your prescribed texts and TWO texts of your own choosing. The attitudes and actions of the various characters within my chosen text shed light on the experiences individuals may encounter upon venturing into society. These characters reveal experiences of overcoming the Close reading and comparison sexual prejudices and stereotypes. BBC Films , Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the Musical 1751 Words | 4 Pages. individuals coming into the world . A Person moving into a new phase of life it can result in growth to a new sense of paper, maturity and development . for the specific person. This is Close evident in the Bildungsroman texts “ Billy Elliot ” (2000) by Stephen Daldry and essays rock “Ranger’s Apprentice: the Ruins of Gorlan” by John Flanagan which is highly effective in reading and comparison showing rewards and rock challenges faced when overcoming obstacles. The challenges in Billy Elliot spring from both his home world and Close reading and comparison his secret world of dance. These challenges.

Africa , BAFTA Award for Best Film , Billy Elliot 1031 Words | 3 Pages. friggin' ballet.' - Jacky Elliot . This quote from the film ' Billy Elliot ' makes the viewer question what Jacky . really wants for his son. In the eyes of the essays on we were the mulvaneys viewer it is clearly seen that he wants his son to do manly things, and not ballet. Though he also wants his son to do what he loves. He wants him to be better off then him and Tony. In the and comparison film ' Billy Elliot ' one of the main themes explored throughout this film is ca display 1140 gender stereotypes, as it seen when Jacky Elliot makes that one comment to. Billy Elliot , Birmingham Royal Ballet , Classical ballet 829 Words | 2 Pages. Pierre Elliot Trudeau: A Successful Prime Minister A great Prime Minister should always do what is right for Canada, no . matter what obstacles he or she faces. Looking at the fifteen years he was in power, Pierre Elliot Trudeau did exactly that.

For instance, he implemented the Official Languages Act and made bilingualism law. In another case, he put an end to the October Crisis by putting into and comparison effect the War Measures Act. Finally, Trudeau amended the Constitution which gave. Canada , Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms , Jean Chretien 1213 Words | 4 Pages. Billy Elliot Scene Analysis Scene Title and critique paper Description - Sound (Diegetic and Close reading and comparison non-diegetic) Movement 1. Opening titles: The song . Cosmic Dancer hand places record by T-rex is of research paper heard as boy delicately on Close reading is jumping up and down. turntable, boy is ca display seen The responder jumping up and down immediately assumes uncontrollably and Close and comparison that music plays an displaying a happy important role in this and carefree boy’s life. Critical Homeschool! disposition. 2. A Disgrace in the Gloves - Setting (lighting and Close reading and comparison - Camera techniques - Text. Ballet , Billy Elliot , Close-up 2864 Words | 10 Pages. ?Jim Elliot Would you give your life for essays the mulvaneys something you believed in?

Jim Elliot died trying to bring people to Christ. This . might be all you know about this famous martyr, but he didn’t start out as a missionary in Ecuador. Close Reading! Early on in life, Jim’s parents introduced him to many missionaries who sparked his interest in mission work. Essay Few Line Mile William! In college, he became ever more focused on Close and comparison his goal of spreading the Gospel to the world . Finally, he went to the mission field where he began full-time missionary. Alaska , Baptist , Christian terms 904 Words | 3 Pages.

Billy Elliot This story shows us all the rewards of perseverance in following our own star despite parental or popular opinion. . It demonstrates the critique paper redemptive agency of love in a family under enormous stress and shows a father coming through as a parent after some blatant errors. The film illuminates the tensions and sorrows of a family dealing with the Close reading loss of its wife and mother while the grandmother gently sinks into senility. ( Billy lovingly takes care of his grandmother.) In this film a friendship. Ballet , Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the Musical 570 Words | 2 Pages. Conflict and Relationship in Billy Elliot A significant conflict and relationship in the film Billy . Thinking Homeschool Reviews! Elliot directed by Stephen Daldry is between Billy and his father Jacky. Billy is an 11-year-old boy who lives in Ireland with his father, brother and Grandmother in a little apartment. Billy and his father’s relationship is stable until the shock of his son doing ballet instead of boxing.

They both have different views for the future and this causes conflict on their relationship. . Ballet , Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the Close Musical 476 Words | 2 Pages. On We The Mulvaneys! Essay : Relationships and experiences shape an individual’s sense of belonging. To what extent do the texts that you have studied support this . idea? Relationship and experiences are two of the most common things in people’s life; they can shape people’s sense of belonging. Close Reading And Comparison! A sense of belonging is the bond between people or something. Relationship like the thesis on microstrip brotherhood between brothers can form a strong sense of belonging between them. Experience such as life experience or just a talk with someone. BAFTA Award for Best Film , Ballet , Billy Elliot 1058 Words | 3 Pages. idea that was memorable in the text. Explain why the idea was memorable in the text(s) as a whole, supporting your points with examples of Close reading, visual and/or . oral language features. ‘ Billy Elliot ’ is a film directed by Stephen Daldry that tells of a twelve year old boy called Billy . Raised in a working class family, Billy had always possessed a love for dancing.

However, set during 1984 in the small mining town of Everington, his dream of becoming a ballet dancer proves to be difficult. Array! His father. Close And Comparison! Ballet , Birmingham Royal Ballet , Classical ballet 746 Words | 2 Pages. Billy Elliot – Film Review Recently I watched a film entitled Billy Elliot . I personally thought . that the essay william film was great in several ways, scripts, film techniques .etc. Every aspects of the film were thought out with detail. The film was set in Close 1984 when the miners’ strike took place. The unique setting adds to why I like this film so much.

Billy Elliot was directed by Stephen Daldry, and 1st published in of research paper the year 2000. Today this film still remains popular as a family movie. Close! The story was told. Billy Elliot , Billy Elliot the Musical , Film 473 Words | 2 Pages.

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My Best Friend Essay Essays and Close Research Papers. As a First reason, I want to meet my friends with whom I studied English in Toronto. We still keep in touch. Especially, I want . to go Venezuela, Paraguay, Colombia, and on we the mulvaneys Brazil, also I want to go Panama, and Dominica even though they aren’t South America. Close Reading. It’s difficult to go all of them, but before I die, I want to go at least 1 or 2 countries. For Second reason, some of countries are dangerous to visit by alone, but they say it’s ok if I trip with local friends because they know where to avoid due. American Broadcasting Company , Desperate Housewives , Dixie Carter 559 Words | 2 Pages. Leah Young Young 1 2/14/13 Essay #2 English 101 My Best Friends There’s really no . great way to on we start my story other than with the truth.

I was 31 and reading living in a tiny apartment in one of the worst neighborhoods in on microstrip antenna Louisville. I was on my second divorce and third abusive relationship. Between me making excuses for reading bruises and the women my then husband was seeing while I was working, life for me was a sad one. I woke up one morning and were decided I had to reading and comparison leave. The Mulvaneys. I packed.

Dog , English-language films , Friendship 2328 Words | 6 Pages. My Mom, My Hero, My Best Friend Wow where do i begin. Reading. My mom is ca display 1140, . Close Reading And Comparison. definitly my best friend . Rock. She has been here for me through think and thin, good and bad, and ups and downs. When I was seven my father passed away who was there for Close reading me and essay few line mile wordsworth my sister ? My mom she was my mom and my dad for a while untill one day she met a man who has been my dad for the past 12 years couldnt ask for a better dad then the one she found. My mom has helped me through so many things in my life pushed me through school. English-language films , Friendship , Lie 1219 Words | 3 Pages. 1. A friend in need is a friend indeed.

This famous saying holds true. A true friend never sees only your good days . and good deeds but he stands by you even on the darkest day of your life. Ramu Rao studies in Close reading and comparison my class. We have been friends since class two. On many occasions when I would forget my lunch box at home, he has shared his tiffin with me. Once when I nearly fought with the essay wordsworth class bully he saved me. He thought that no good would come from bad actions and to get good things in life one. Affection , Friendship , Homework 1063 Words | 3 Pages. My Best Friends Wedding I am feeling lonely and reading sad.

It is a cold and blustery Wednesday in November. Tomorrow . will be the first Thanksgiving I have spent without my family. My boyfriend at the time asks me to come to of research paper his house and and comparison meet his parents and join them for their thanksgiving feast. Though it is quite a tempting offer, I don’t feel up to essays on we were the mulvaneys that level of social activity, so I politely decline and mention that he and I could have some quite time once he gets back. He seems ok with that. 1995 singles , 2000 singles , 2006 albums 1333 Words | 3 Pages.

DESCRIPTION OF MY BEST FRIEND Azeneth has been my best friend for the . last 6 years. Reading. I know her since I entered high school and since that day we have become the critical reviews most inseparable friends in the world. I have much affection to her because we have lived many things together, through thick and reading thin, she always has been there for composed wordsworth me when I needed her. I remember the and comparison day I met her, it was the first day of high school and I was very nervous because I did not know anybody from on we were the mulvaneys there. I remember that. American films , Black-and-white films , Cake 1128 Words | 3 Pages.

My best friends name is Brittney Lewis. We have been friends since the ninth grade. We have a few . things in common, but we're mostly best friends because opposites attract. Close And Comparison. Brittney and I met in a Physical Science class we had together. 1140. At first we didn't talk very much if at all, but after a while we grew on each other and and comparison stated hanging out together.

Since then we have remained friends and ca display cfm ethesis_id since shared many things together like good laughs, jobs, and Close and comparison even some times that weren't so good for both. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Mother 983 Words | 3 Pages. should have a best friend . Paper. I am lucky enough to have two! There exists a popular phrase, “dog is mans best . Close And Comparison. friend ,” and indeed my dog, Maxwell, is my best friend . Maxwell is ca display cfm ethesis_id 1140, a cuddly, 5 year-old cocker spaniel and reading poodle mixture, weighing in at essays were the mulvaneys roughly 20 pounds. In addition, a lovely lady by the name of Jenna Michelle also earns the reading and comparison “ best friend ” title in my life. Antenna. Jenna is a 27 year-old goofy lady who has shown me solid friendship for Close reading the past three years. On We. I spend a majority of my time with both. Best Friends , Communication , Dog 1138 Words | 3 Pages. ? My best friend Sam I go to a school in Sydney, we were sitting in class my friend . Close And Comparison. came to me saying “rami do you want to go for a smoke at lunch”, I looked at thesis array him with anger and didn’t reply he then went and sat back down in his chair. When the lunch bell rang Sam pulled out a bottle I thought he would of taken a drink but it was empty he told me to follow him so we went towards the back gate he sat down on Close reading the floor he got a small piece of hose out, I would of never thought Sam would be smoking. Bloods , Crime , Gang 1128 Words | 3 Pages.

School ??? Unit IV Lesson 1 ??? ??:______________________ ??: _______________________ ????? Project: Create a voki presentation about cfm ethesis_id, your . best friend . Requirements: Please describe your best friend and include the following information: ? who he/she is: include name, age, nationality, school…. ? a physical description of your best friend : use at and comparison least eight adjectives. Critique. ? his/her hobby (what he/she likes to do ) ? food he/she enjoys ? his/her favorite color ( use … ) ? anything else. Christopher Nolan , High school , New Port Richey, Florida 298 Words | 2 Pages. remember. Heath and I played more than ten years together. He turned into Close reading and comparison, more than a friend , Heath became my brother. I am still . waiting for composed essay william wordsworth him to show up in the field and play another game together. “Play the best game of your life today” he said” we don’t know if we will ever play again tomorrow” Those words are engraved in Close and comparison my head, and I realize the essay mile meaning of them now that he is gone. It always crosses my mind where could he be alive or dead, I just want to know about Close reading and comparison, him. Essays. I also wonder if.

American football , Coming out and comparison, 1321 Words | 4 Pages. My best friend Radar. Descriptive essay about my horse. _Descriptive essay_ MY BEST FRIEND RADAR When I woke up in the morning I knew that today is . the day for meeting my best friend Radar. Ca Display Cfm Ethesis_id 1140. Radar looks absolutely gorgeous. His black expresive thoughtful eyes are always slightly sad. Reading. His moisterous nostrils puff up, that is usually followed by sniffing. He breaths snoaring, sometimes bearing his healthy teeth as if he were smiling.

His muscleous body with smooth skin, his slender tall legs, his magnificently shaped head. Feeling , Nose , Olfaction 349 Words | 3 Pages. Narrative Essay Draft Topic: #3 An experience that helped you discover a principal to live by. Buddha once said, “Instead of judging a man . by thesis on microstrip antenna array his appearance, look inside their heart, and read what it is their soul wrote.” I was raised in a family, which at reading and comparison times, could be very judgmental of people. Ca Display. My family lived in an upper-class neighborhood where there was no poverty or homelessness.

My parents made sure my brother and I had all the best clothes, the newest cell phones and laptops, they spent. 2006 albums , Dog food , Girl 1173 Words | 3 Pages. This also helps the service user to socialise with other as if a care worker understands that there is someone in Close the care/residential home that have the . same views can ask them to join the conversation which also helps the on we service user to Close reading and comparison make friends and talk to people in the care home about what they feel about certain subjects and on we the mulvaneys there opinion and view about things in the outside world. Examples of an open questions include “Have you seen the new x-factor series, which act would you like to. Answer , Communication , Interrogative word 1656 Words | 4 Pages. it discusses four best friends and the amazing summer that they spend even though they are not together because their summer is . connected by a pair of jeans that amazingly enough, fits all of them perfectly, even though they are very different in size and shape. Apart from that movie, the Close importance of friendship in every aspect of our life was also reflected in the article Friends , Good Friends and ca display Such Good Friends by Judith Viorst.

In the article, Viorst categorized friends into categories according. Affection , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1186 Words | 3 Pages. Essay On Trees Our Best Friends essay on trees our best friendsYou will have national . immortality with the country through our essay on trees our best friends dialogue. Close And Comparison. In social, older programs appear to have increased way in reviews carrying particular, eternal markets to online constellation. Visible cloning is even high therapeutic cloning is only an profound essay on Close trees our best friends as it is on punk rock, held by a extraordinary man of parties; indeed, its term can be not justified.

But for Close and comparison government. Cloning , Essay , Essays 879 Words | 3 Pages. How My Best Friend Has Changed My Life Like any kid growing up I had a best . friend ; as I grew up she was the big sister I never had and to on punk this day nobody can compare to her in my eyes. Close Reading And Comparison. As kids we always promised each other we’d never leave each others side; back then I never imagined one day Jenna, my best friend would be more than just a phone call away. Mile Wordsworth. As time has gone on Close and comparison Jenna without even knowing has taught me so many lessons being strong and patient are just a to name a few. My best.

2006 albums , English-language films , I Decided 1002 Words | 3 Pages. ? Memoir- Losing My Best Friend I remember everything as if it were yesterday. The shock, the sadness, the pain, . and the sickness she had to essays on punk rock suffer. I remember sitting beside her, holding her hand as she had IV’s put into her arms. Close And Comparison. I remember the conversations we had; she’d explain to of research me how she just wanted to go outside again; she’d be enthusiastic for the day she got out of the hospital; we made plans for Close and comparison when she beat cancer. Two years have gone by so fast, and there hasn’t been a day I haven’t. 2005 singles , 2007 singles , Anxiety 2084 Words | 6 Pages.

A Best Friend Is Man’s Best Friend. Rough-Draft #2 March 18, 2013 A Best Friend is Man’s Best Friend Dogs have been known to be “Man’s . Best Friend ” for thousands of years. William. More commonly known to be man’s best friends are dogs, rather than cats and any other animal. Most people consider a best friend as someone who is Close reading, there for critical thinking reviews you when you are sad or lonely, when you need someone to talk, cry, or laugh, however a man’s best friend is all the same and more. Dog’s today are referred as man’s best friend because they are loyal, faithful. Affection , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1574 Words | 4 Pages. access Google+, review account settings, and view or adjust settings for web history). We’ve also sent you an email to show you how to and comparison get even more out of antenna array . Google Do you have a true best friend ? I sure do. Dana is and comparison, truly my best friend . We met in thesis on microstrip array first grade, we started to Close reading play together and we became good friends . Dana has brown eyes and light brown hair. She is thesis on microstrip array, very smart and her grades high,. She loves sports and good running,She always helps when needed (when I had help with homework, she helped.

Affection , Brown hair , Friendship 842 Words | 3 Pages. A Best Friend is. Reading. “Some people come into composed essay william wordsworth, our lives and quickly go. And Comparison. Some stay for a while and cfm ethesis_id 1140 leave footprints on our . hearts. And we are never ever the same” (Unknown). What is a “ best friend ”? Almost everyone has one, and almost everyone is one. There’s something about a best friend that cannot be duplicated. Everyone has their own definition of what their own best friend is like and Close reading and comparison what an composed few line mile william impact he or she has made in reading and comparison their life. In this essay I would like to take a better.

2007 singles , Best Friends , Emotion 1066 Words | 3 Pages. “Isipin mo na lang best friend mo ko.” This is the text message I received from her which started it all. These words gave me the . privilege to call Mikee “bes” and have her as my one and true best friend . Composed Essay Few Line. Best friends are the and comparison best when it comes to few line mile william wordsworth being an inspiration for improving oneself for the better. This is what Mikee made me realize. Although we’ve just been best friends for quite a short time, she already influenced me with her unique attitudes and Close reading characteristics.

She’s one of the main. Dance , Friendship 954 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay What do you think with your best friend’s appearance, personality and the feeling you have they to be . your friend ? In my opinion, “ Friend ” is really important for me. Composed Essay Mile Wordsworth. I can live without computer and TV but I can’t live without ” friend ” the Close person who is sharing my mood with me whenever I’m happy or sad and I found “her” my really best friend who has nice appearance , good personality and I’m very happy that I can be friend with her. My best friend is Glydelle N.

Carbon dioxide , Feeling , Friendship 1294 Words | 4 Pages. ? Best Friends It was my second year back at essay mile william wordsworth Kildonan East Colligate. My best . friend Sydney and I walked in the small gym doors. Reading. My cheeks we’re rosy red because it was starting to get cold outside. As we walked in the gym the bleachers we’re packed with some new faces and some familiar faces. The gym looked small at first because of all the on punk rock students in reading it but in reality it is ca display cfm ethesis_id 1140, huge! Banners hanging all around from the sports team they have here at Close and comparison Kildonan East. Critical Thinking Homeschool Reviews. After the reading and comparison teachers we’re finished. 1995 singles , 2007 albums , Brown hair 1380 Words | 4 Pages. ?Shyla Sexton Mrs.

Wallace American Lit 9/24/13 How I met my best friend I started my journey . in eighth grade when I met my boyfriend, Cory. Essays On We Were The Mulvaneys. We met through mutual friends and immediately became close. We began hanging out here and Close reading there with group of friends and eventually split off from the group and being hanging out ca display, alone. We began as friends and started taking time to get to know each other, at Close reading first it was awkward because there wasn’t much to ca display cfm ethesis_id talk about reading, but after a while of being around. 2006 singles , 2008 albums , Debut albums 1414 Words | 3 Pages. Essay question ‘An individual’s interaction with others and the world around them can enrich or limit their experiences of belonging ’ This . statement has two point of views in which that can relate to the novel ‘ The simple Gift’ by Steven Herrick and the poem ‘ Refugees blues’ by WH Auden. In the novel ‘ the simple gift’ conveys in thesis on microstrip antenna array the statement ‘An individual’s interaction with others and and comparison the world around them can enrich experiences of cfm ethesis_id 1140 belonging’ whereas in Close reading and comparison the poem ‘ refuges blues’ conveys. Christmas , Christmas carol , Christmas Eve 1414 Words | 4 Pages. I met Laurie Ann way back in high school, and six years on, she is critical reviews, still my best of friends . Close Reading. The first day we . met, she walked up to me and on we the mulvaneys introduced herself. And Comparison. It felt way weird shaking her hand like grownups do and on microstrip array declaring my name to Close her after the hand shake.

Stacie Oliker? Pretty name. she remarked instantly. This close friendship allowed me to essays come to know and experience a level of self disclosure like no other. With her I was and still am myself. Our high school friendship has unfolded.

Ann Way , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1150 Words | 3 Pages. Narrative Essay Dating Your Best Friend I have a boyfriend who I have been dating for 7 months now; we started . out on February 12, 2011. His name is Isaac Mendoza, and I am very lucky to have him as the person who I share my life with. Why? We have known each other since we were six years old. He has been my best friend since then and we literally know everything there is to know about and comparison, each other, the good things and paper also the unfortunate bad things. So that whole “dating your best friend ” is not. High school 1563 Words | 4 Pages. got.

Don’t cry over reading, anyone who won't cry over you. Essays On Punk Rock. Good friends are hard to find, harder to leave, and impossible to Close forget. You can . only ca display cfm ethesis_id, go as far as you push. Actions speak louder than words. Reading. The hardest thing to do is watch the one you love, love somebody else. Antenna. Don’t let the past hold you back, you're missing the good stuff. Close Reading And Comparison. Life’s short. If you don't look around once in a while you might miss it. A best friend is critical thinking, like a four leaf clover, hard to find and reading and comparison lucky to critique of research have. . 2007 singles , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1294 Words | 6 Pages. My Best Friend- A descriptive essay; this was an essay for my eng101 class. this is reading and comparison, a very descriptive essay about my husband josh, and what he looks like and means to me. Hauser 1 Karin Hauser James Cann Eng 101/5709 2/22/05 My best friend , a descriptive essay . When I first met Josh I wasn't overly impressed.

I had walked into thinking reviews, a Hooters restaurant to dine with friends , and sitting at the table that greeted me was Josh. Close Reading. I didn't notice his rugged good looks. I didn't pause to cfm ethesis_id gaze down upon his broad shoulders, and thick chest. I hardly noticed the caramel color of his eyes, nor his nicely manicured goatee. What I saw, was a broken tooth. English-language films , Human physical appearance , Teeth 640 Words | 3 Pages. “I have a best friend of the opposite sex, and he means the Close and comparison whole world to me. On Microstrip Array. We’re not dating and Close and comparison yes, we do laugh together, . that isn’t flirting, it’s called a joke. I can tell him secrets and he will keep them.

I can trust him with my life and they make me smile on a daily basis.” A best friend is someone who you think you will have there forever. Someone who offers their shoulder when it's broken, someone who offers to come over just because you need someone to talk to. A best friend is critical thinking reviews, someone. 2005 singles , 2006 albums , 2007 singles 1301 Words | 4 Pages. is a Best Friend ? Ashley Espinoza Texas Aamp;M International University Abstract Transferring schools isn’t the . best way to start middle school, but with the help of Close a friend it starts to ca display 1140 make life a little less hard.

I know that’s what helped me, without the greeting from Close that nice friendly girl I would’ve probably had the worst day maybe even year ever. As time passed by we became the best of friends which led her to be known as my best friend . On We Were The Mulvaneys. It takes a lot to Close be considered a best friend. Friendship , Greatest hits albums , Interpersonal relationship 1155 Words | 3 Pages. ? My best friend Maria I’ve decided to write about one of the persons who I know the best . This is essays on punk rock, a . person that I admire for better and Close reading and comparison worse. Essay William. That happens to be my very best friend Maria Elena. Maria and I go way back! We already became friends in kindergarten.

Our mothers also started talking and that made it even easier for us to be friends . I remember when people asked me if I had siblings, and and comparison I would always answer: “YES! I have a little sister”, because that’s what she is to me. We trust. English-language films , High school , Human skin color 431 Words | 1 Pages. LUKOSE ENGLISH -119 ESSAY # 1 Best Days in on punk rock My Life . After a long time I went to visit my homeland . Those days were my best days in my life. I mean colorful days in my life. for the first time, after a long time, I saw my grandparents . who were amazed to see me again . My grandfather told me, Hey, son, you are completely changed, You are tall, skinny, but you are strong. My grandmother said that. 2007 singles , English-language films , Family 1094 Words | 4 Pages. ?Professor Verna Geraldine Dayharsh Essay draft #1 4/17/2013 My . real friend Nature I grew up in a flourishing metropolis sprawling over a number of cement constructions . I never stepped out of this cement forest since I was born. In my childhood, toys and high-technological machines were my best friends because they accompanied me and Close reading entertained me for a long period of time.

Compared to countryside children, I was. Banana slug , Interpersonal relationship , Life 1041 Words | 4 Pages. Woman’s best friend . 44% of Americans own a dog. I have owned three dogs in my lifetime; three in on we which I no . longer own. Some say a dog is a man’s best friend , but to me, a dog is a woman’s best friend too. A dog is not just a friend though; it is part of the family. I have loved all of my dogs the same, but differently.

Each one of the dogs that I have owned had their very own special personality. Each dog meant something different to Close me; I had my first dog (Sammy), my best friend (Daisy). Dog , Dog health , Dogs 929 Words | 3 Pages. Compare and essay few line william Contrast My Two Best Friends Are Like Twins. My Two Best Friends are like Twins Many people in the world have two best friends . . Some of them are so similar that it's shocking. They find some similarities in Close and comparison their attitude, personality or even interests. Thinking. People may find similarities or differences in their best friends and some may not find any interests at all. But, I have found three similarities in my best friends Stacy and Priscilla.

Both of my best friends are smart, caring, and funny. My friend Stacy and Priscilla are. 2008 singles , Certified Nursing Assistant , Difference 459 Words | 3 Pages. We may be able to have a hundred or a thousand friends , or even more. But there is only one friend who really has loyalty on you . if you really think about it, that is best friend . My best friend is my best partner for living my life.

His name is reading, Sugeng Gunawan, and I used to call him Sugeng. He is essays on punk rock, someone who really knows me deeply. He knows the characteristic of me, from the outside and even inside of Close and comparison me. Someone who is able to feel my mood. He knows when I feel happy and when I feel very sad. He. 2006 albums , Aerosmith , De La Soul 824 Words | 4 Pages. broadcast their show on, and each show has a different showrunner. One of the most popular television shows in cfm ethesis_id 1140 history, Friends , is Close reading and comparison, a great . Essays On Punk Rock. television show to Close reading study the economic situation of a show, and how the economics of the ca display cfm ethesis_id show have affected the television industry. In this essay I will explore the reading and comparison economic situation of Friends , and how it was a financially successful show.

Friends first premiered in 1994, using the typical Pilot episode in order to win over mile, their audience. In this episode the Close six. Episode , Film , Friends 1902 Words | 5 Pages. close to my heart. Essays Rock. Although it is Close, a terrible feeling, I can honestly say that I learned a great deal from each circumstance. As I sit here . trying to remember my earliest experience with death, I recall on the time that my hamster, Chewy had passed away. I was 9 years old and was in a strange part of few line my life.

I was never popular in school and didn’t have a lot of friends growing up. Close Reading. Chewy was my best friend and cheered up me whenever I felt down. His warm fuzzy coat always made the hairs on my arms. Best Friends , Burt Reynolds , Emotion 1818 Words | 4 Pages. ________________________________ Period ___ My Dream Life Essay Due Date: Typed final drafts are due on . _______________________ at essays on punk rock the beginning of the period. Your graded final draft will be placed in your portfolio. Organization of Paper: Title: Come up with a creative title Paragraph #1: Introduction. Use one of the “hooks” from the six choices on Close reading side 2. Ca Display. Don’t forget to let your reader know what your essay will be about (career, family, friends , relationships, house, and vehicle). Paragraph.

Automobile , Dream , Henry David Thoreau 647 Words | 2 Pages. choose your major? 3. If you redo college again, what would you major in? 4. What course did you like the most? 5. And Comparison. What course did you like the least? 6. . How will your performance in your worst class affect your performance. 7. How would your best friend describe you? 8. How would your professor describe you?

9. On Microstrip. How would your mother describe you? 10. Why are you applying for a job that you didn’t major in? 11. During college, how did you spend your summer vacations? 12. What did you learn. 2006 singles , Computer science , High school 1570 Words | 6 Pages.

DEATH OF A BEST FRIEND The school hall was quiet. Everyone was silent with their heads bowed down. No one spoke,laughed, giggled . or chatted. There was just sorrow in reading the atmosphere. Few students could be heard sobbing while the antenna rest just sat stone dead in their seats. And Comparison. What had happened? What was the cause of this sad and eerie situation?

Why did she do it? She had always been that cheerful bubbly girl that everyone loved. Her wide flashing smile could brighten up anyone’s day. Cfm Ethesis_id 1140. My thoughts were disrupted. Eye color 1777 Words | 4 Pages. DECISION I HAD TO MAKE My endoscopy results showed that I had hiatal hernia and a stomach ulcer, the culprits behind the awful pain I had been . experiencing after taking in solid or liquid food. Close. At the rock hospital, my doctor shared his similar experience and recovery, which forced him out of school for two years. Reading. My mother's expression confirmed her support for ca display my recovery at reading home. Although I found the situation complex, I decided to on microstrip antenna array stay home and and comparison not risk academic failure during my recovery.

Looking at. 2006 albums , 2007 singles , As Time Goes By 1237 Words | 3 Pages. English COMP 100-97 10-23-2012 Compare and Contrast Essay Walter Winchell once said, A friend us one who walks in when the . rest of the world walks out. In my life I have three different best friends , and the three of them walk into composed few line mile william wordsworth, my life whenever there needed when the world walks out. My three different friends help me achieve any goal I set my mind too, and Close reading and comparison I know I can always run to them for support. Ca Display 1140. The first friend that I have is the reading friend that I’ve known since I was in first grade. Her name. Music video 820 Words | 3 Pages. Essay about critique paper, Red Nose Day The purpose is to entertain and change lives in the UK and Africa.

The money spent to aid young who live on the . street and protect people living with domestic abuse. In Africa for reading and comparison vaccines etc. People make donations, people also do something fun as games, parties, karaoke night, contests and other things and critique of research it's like winning money. This program is great, I think there should be more people like them, generous y caring. This type of action I love. It is best to help and. British Museum , Cardiff , Remembrance Day 678 Words | 3 Pages. of Dong Khanh Highschool on their way back home. That image has been the endless inspirations for writers and poets since then. Young girlstudents may like . the youngness and the modernity of the new fashionable uniforms, but the Ao Dai is Close reading, always the best choice for the dress that represents the dynamic and modern aspects of present-time girlstudents, but still keeps the non-mistakable of the Vietnamese women.

3. Finally, the Ao Dai honors not only the external beauty but also the internal beauty. Vietnam , Vietnamese culture , Vietnamese people 1557 Words | 4 Pages. Best friend becomes enemy. It was first day of essay few line summer. Close And Comparison. School almost finished. It was sunny and windy day. Essay Few Line William. I was happy . that school almost finished. My friend and reading I were sitting at the park. We were planning how to array spend this long summer. Close. George, my friend , gave me many plans for this summer but I didn’t agree with him.

He was a lazy gay. His plan was: sleep till 11 a.m., and then play video games till 5 p.m. and then go to sleep. Composed Mile William Wordsworth. He says that this must continue every day. Reading And Comparison. . I Quit match , Father , Mother 1119 Words | 3 Pages. ? Friends Essay by Mitchell Scott Topic: What friendship means to critique me Friendship is and comparison, a relationship that is essays on we were the mulvaneys, needed in and comparison a society of . ours. With a demanding society where if you have no friends , it can be a tough time for you. Friendship is much more than just hanging around with your mates; it allows living to be much more comfortable.

Friendship is extremely underrated in a society of ours; we rely on our friends to essays have good times. Sometimes you can’t imagine life without those who care for you. Comfort, Texas , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1072 Words | 3 Pages. ?Types of Essay And Examples Descriptive Essay : Someone Someone is a word you can use for reading and comparison anyone. Essays On Punk Rock. Someone, Someone special, . someone you care, and and comparison someone you don’t know. Composed Mile William. Someone, that’s how I define him but not just that common someone, he’s someone who I treasure the most. He is a guy who loves dancing.

I can conclude dancing complete his life. He’s taller and older than me. He is so beauty conscious, especially when it comes to his skin’s color and his precious face. He has a cute little. 2008 singles , Debut albums , Family 842 Words | 4 Pages. This entry is reading and comparison, dedicated to my dad and antenna array he will never read it. Sad thing.* When I was 16 I had to write an essay in school about . the Close reading person I admire the most.

So I wrote about my dad. Cfm Ethesis_id. My dad is not famous, nor is Close, he rich or talented. He is rock, not a scientist or a professor. But he is the best man in reading and comparison my personal world even if he doesn’t know. We never talk about emotional stuff, he never gives me good advice, actually we hardly talk. When my dad was young he was a biker. Motorbikes were his lifestyle. 2006 singles , Mother 940 Words | 3 Pages. MY IDEAL FRIEND I was walking home from thinking homeschool school.

I was carrying my books and tonnes of homework home. I walked . with a heavy stride with my head hanging down, unaware of the chatter and socialising going on around me. Spirits were low and I took my usual route home which usually takes me about Close reading, 20 minutes. “What next? I have no idea what to do,” I told myself. Abruptly, I knocked into something and all my books and papers fell to the sidewalk. I lost my footing and went down on my knees. 2005 albums , 2008 singles , Debut albums 988 Words | 3 Pages.

MAN'S BEST FRIEND - DOGS Why are we say that a dog is a man's best friend ? Before talking about . how important of dogs to our lives, we have to know where they come from. Dogs are domestic animals that humans first domesticated 15,000 years ago in the last Ice Age. The ancestors are the wolf dogs. Few Line Mile. These animals are used to keep as a pet or for entertaining reasons. Dog is a well-known animal. Reading And Comparison. It has four legs, and a sharp sense of hearing and smelling. Ca Display Cfm Ethesis_id. A dog's brain is reading, very developing. Homeschool Reviews. Dogs can. Dog 1717 Words | 4 Pages. 2013 What is a friend ? I ask myself that every day.

To me, a friend is someone who never let you down, who always there for Close you . matter how bad or good the situation is, who always have your back ,never turn on you, never say or do harsh things to you, a friend is a FRIEND . Where could I find this “ friend ”? I thought I had one but I guess not. I guess I was too much stuck on my so called friends ’ well friend . The day I met Elizabeth Taylor was the day I thought I had a trustworthy friend . The Mulvaneys. I was dumbfounded. 2005 singles , A Good Thing , Mind 2447 Words | 5 Pages. Professor Neagle English 111 15 September 2010 We All Need Somebody to Close Lean On: My Ideal Friend According to Sharita . Gadison, “Some friends come and go like a season, others are arranged in our lives for essays a reason. Close Reading And Comparison. “ Many might agree that good friends are hard to on punk rock come across, so the ones that I consider good friends , I keep them close. Close Reading And Comparison. I know without a doubt the qualities that make a good friend . A friend is someone who is dependable. When all else fails, it never harms to thesis on microstrip antenna array be able to have that. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1581 Words | 4 Pages. Book – my best friend Charles W. Eliot said “Books are the quietest and and comparison most constant of friends ; . they are the composed essay few line wordsworth most accessible and wisest of counselors, and the most patient of and comparison teachers.” Book is the best friend , a human being can have.

Book is essays on we were the mulvaneys, a friend that is Close and comparison, never disloyal. Books are our friends for rock life as because they never reject, never go or come, never fight and never blame us. Books make our life easy to reading and comparison lead as they inform us about various ways of on punk rock leading life. Books are informative. 2006 albums , Book , Experience 451 Words | 2 Pages. REFLECTED BEST SELF EXERCISE Introduction: I am Swapnili Jadhao, student with UTD under Systems Engineering and Close reading and comparison Management. I am a simple, . Thesis. happy and passionate person. I like my work and life. I enjoy working with people and facing new challenges at Close work. Homeschool. The exercise of Reflected Best Self helped me to know views of people for reading me.

I really astonished me to of research know that people value me and expect good and bright future for me. Close And Comparison. I had asked for ca display cfm ethesis_id the views from around 15 people and 13 of them were really. Debut albums , Decision making , Friendship 1191 Words | 2 Pages. WRITING THE COLLEGE ESSAY PURPOSE OF THE ESSAY Your GPA, class rank, SATI and SATII scores are all important to a college . admissions officer in helping to assess your academic abilities. But they are only numbers – they have no personality. What can make your application stand apart are the personal essays . Close And Comparison. The college essay will allow an admissions officer to look beyond those numbers and see you as a person. A well-written essay should convey your thoughts, attitudes, personal qualities. College , Essay , Question 1382 Words | 5 Pages. Stacey Wilson October 14, 2011 Swrk 251 Social work value essay My mother likes to tell the story of were the mulvaneys when I was four . years old going to my reading circle.

While I was waiting for my reading circle to start, I noticed a baby crying so I picked up toys and started shaking them and making the baby smile. For as long as I can remember I have always like to help others, I got enjoyment out of making my friends happy. Whenever one of my friends had a problem I was always there for them, to listen to. International Federation of Social Workers , School social worker , Social change 2231 Words | 5 Pages. My best friend Everybody always has friend or friendship. Close Reading. There are a lot of kinds of thinking reviews . friends . We have friends , close friends and best friends . It is said a friend needs to be a good friend but it hard to find a best friend . Close And Comparison. Best friends need to know about certain qualities of each other. Best friends are always there for you when you’re down or having problems.

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Was John Paul II a Thomist or a Phenomenologist? Dr. Close Reading? Douglas Flippen poses the question: Was Pope John Paul II familiar with and influenced by the works of St. Thomas Aquinas? Flippen answers in the affirmative, and provides a chronological review of the evidence, contained primarily in the works of John Paul II himself, but also in the evaluations others have offered about his thought, in order to evaluate the influence of Thomism on on punk, the thought of John Paul II. Christendom College, Front Royal, VA, Spring 2006. Every person has to reading appropriate reality for himself; that is, every person has to make reality his own through his knowing of it. To the extent that reality is one and the same for all, the reality that is known by each and critique, every human being should be one and the same.

One reason why we do not all know reality in one and the same way is that it is not always that easy to come to understand the reading, world that surrounds us. Another problem is that what we want to be true often gets in critique paper the way of our ability to clearly see what confronts us. And then there are always the and comparison, problems of lack of time and ability. Because of the difficulty of coming to know reality clearly and deeply, we often depend on those who have preceded us, especially if they have a reputation for depth and breadth of understanding. But to whom shall we go?

The great thinkers often differ among themselves about the nature of reality. And just as we depend on critical reviews, one great thinker or another to guide us, so also they depended on those who preceded them. Here again, in their search for guides to understand reality, different thinkers did not agree on whom to choose. St. Augustine, for Close example, is known as a Platonist, whereas St. On Microstrip Antenna Array? Thomas Aquinas is known as an Aristotelian. It is somewhat easier for us at the present time to choose a guide to follow since the Catholic Church has, beginning some time after the Close and comparison, death of composed mile william St. Close? Thomas Aquinas, urged men to study his thought in a special way. It is not because the Church thinks that the whole truth and nothing but the critique of research paper, truth is to be found in the thought of and comparison St. Thomas and in no one else.

That would be the equivalent of making Thomas divine in essay few line wordsworth nature. Close Reading And Comparison? Rather, among fallible guides to the truth about the nature of thesis array reality, St. Thomas is regarded as the safest, the surest, the deepest and the most comprehensive. The reason for choosing St. Thomas as the best guide to learn about the nature of reality is that he took the deepest and most basic aspect of reality, the act of existing, and made it the most basic aspect of his thought about the nature of reality. Being the stubborn, willful and Close and comparison, creative creatures that we are, relatively few persons have heeded the repeated call of the Church to diligently study the thought of St. Thomas. Many priests and bishops likely know little about his thought. Does this judgment apply also to the thought of Pope John Paul II? Such a question is important since the late pope was clearly a philosopher in his own right. The question is fairly easily answered.

It is not difficult to demonstrate, based on what is known about on we were the mulvaneys, his life, that Karol Wojtyla, who became Pope John Paul II, not only Close reading and comparison studied the thought of St. Thomas over an extended period of time, but also thought highly of Thomas and urged others to essay few line mile william study him as well. He was particularly struck by Close reading, Thomas' metaphysical view of reality. What I intend to do in this essay is to review the evidence, contained primarily in the works of John Paul II himself, but also in the evaluations others have offered about his thought, in order to evaluate the influence of Thomism on the thought of John Paul II. The order I will follow is chronological. In this way we will be able to see the manner in were the mulvaneys which the Thomism of the pope begins, develops, and deepens. We will also be able to see the way in which he appropriated insights gained from others, especially from the phenomenology of Close and comparison Max Scheler, whose view of the overall nature of reality and of man John Paul II could not accept. A test of the way in which phenomenology and metaphysics are able to be combined in the thought of the pope will be what he comes to think of human consciousness.

We will take an all too brief look at the place it ought to homeschool reviews occupy in Close and comparison our view of man and will consider what accommodations, if any, need to be made to the traditional metaphysical view of Thomas in order to include consciousness within the being of man. Early Encounters with the Thought of St. Thomas. Karol Wojtyla seems to have begun his study of Thomistic metaphysics, the influence of which remained with him for the rest of his life, in the fall of rock 1942, in the underground seminary in Nazi occupied Poland. Reading? The textbook in metaphysics had been written by a Father Kazimierz Wais. 1 It is worth quoting the cfm ethesis_id 1140, pope's comments on his initial encounter with Thomistic metaphysics. In response to questions put to Close him by a Polish confrere a few days after being made pope, Karol Wojtyla replied: I would say that in my life I've had two great philosophical revelations #151; Thomism and Scheler. So it all really began with Wais's book . Cfm Ethesis_id? . . It was Father Klosak who first gave me Wais and told me to study him for an exam.

For a long time I couldn't cope with the book, and I actually wept over it. It was not until two months later, in December and January, that I began to make something of it, but in the end it opened up a whole new world to reading me. It showed me a new approach to reality, and homeschool, made me aware of questions that I had only dimly perceived. St. Thomas gave me answers to many problems. 2. After being ordained at the very beginning of November, 1946, Father Wojtyla left for Rome to and comparison study at the Pontifical Roman Academy of St. Rock? Thomas Aquinas, which was also called simply the Angelicum, after St. Thomas, the Close and comparison, Angelic Doctor. Essays Rock? Father Wojtyla was in reading and comparison attendance from mid-November 1946 to June of 1948.

He studied and wrote his first doctoral thesis under the composed essay william wordsworth, guidance of the famous traditional Thomist Father Garrigou-Lagrange. What Pope John Paul II thought of the Angelicum and of Father Garrigou-Lagrange is contained in his determination that Father Malinski should study there as well: I've made up my mind about this, and Close, I think you should study at the Angelicum. It did me a lot of good and I think it will you, especially as you are a bit of a left-winger in 1140 theology. They'll give you the real St. Thomas there, not just Thomism. I'm sure you'll find it a good thing . . . Unfortunately my old teacher Garrigou-Lagrange has gone, but the Dominicans are good at getting first-class people from all over the world. 3. It seems likely that at reading and comparison this time Father Wojtyla would have become more aware of different approaches to the thought of St. Thomas. The reason for this is not only the fact that he was studying at the Angelicum with Father Garrigou-Lagrange, called a traditionalist Thomist for his approach to Thomas through the tradition of the commentaries of Cajetan and John of St.

Thomas, but also because Jacques Maritain and Etienne Gilson, the two most famous Thomists of the critique, twentieth century, had been active in promoting the thought of reading and comparison Thomas since the 1920s, and this would hardly have escaped notice at the Angelicum. Both Gilson and Maritain, but especially Gilson, could be called historic or existential Thomists because of their interest in recovering the authentic thought of Thomas and because of their conviction that the historic thought of Thomas centered itself on the act of critique of research paper existing as being at the heart of reality. In addition, Father Wojtyla lived at the Belgian college in Rome and the center for transcendental Thomism happened to be at Louvain in Belgium. Reading And Comparison? Transcendental Thomism is so called because its approach to on we were the mulvaneys the thought of St. Close Reading And Comparison? Thomas is on punk, influenced by the transcendental system of philosophy of Immanuel Kant. 4. Back in Close Poland, Father Wojtyla's second assignment as a parish priest was at St. Florian's in Krakow. While at St. Florian's in 1949, Father Wojtyla formed a group of critical thinking homeschool students from the Jagiellonian University to read the Summa of St. Thomas in Latin.

5 After earning a second doctorate with a thesis on the ethics of the phenomenologist Max Scheler, Father Wojtyla was appointed in 1954 to Close reading and comparison the philosophy department of the Catholic University of Lublin. The Catholic University of Lublin, known also as the KUL from the first initials of its Polish name, was founded in 1918, suspended during the Nazi occupation, and allowed to function with restrictions under Communist rule. 6 The Faculty of Philosophy was established in 1946. 7 Father, and then Bishop, Wojtyla lectured at Lublin from 1954 until 1961. Critique Of Research? In this period of time his understanding and appreciation of the metaphysical approach of St. Thomas increased. This was due not only to his own continuing work on St. Thomas, but also to his interaction with a colleague named Stefan Swiezawski.

As George Weigel notes in his biography of John Paul II, Through faculty colleagues at KUL, and especially Stefan Swiezawski, Wojtyla had his first serious encounter with Etienne Gilson's historical rereading of Thomas Aquinas and with Jacques Maritain's modern Thomistic reading of Catholic social ethics. 8 During this period, Father Wojtyla published a number of essays, many of them taking into account the thought of St. Thomas and comparing it favorably with modern thinkers. And yet there is a change of tone in his treatment of the thought of St. Thomas during this period. Close? In the beginning, his praise of Thomas seems unqualified. Toward the end we find criticisms of a certain lack in the approach of Thomas and critical thinking reviews, an emphasis on a positive contribution coming from the phenomenological movement. In an Close and comparison essay published between 1955 and cfm ethesis_id 1140, 1957 and belonging to what are called the Lublin lectures, Father Wojtyla writes: [W]e should consider the view of the human act developed by Close reading, Thomas Aquinas an adequate interpretation of ethical experience. 9 In another article written close to ca display the same time, The Problem of the Separation of Experience from the Act in Ethics, the endorsement of Thomas is even stronger: At this point I am convinced that the ethics of Aristotle and Close reading and comparison, St.

Thomas Aquinas is based on a proper relation to experience and, moreover, that their view of the ethical act is the only proper and adequate description of ethical experience. 10 In an essay also written in the same period of 1955-1957, Father Wojtyla contrasts the Thomistic approach to ethics with the approach of Kant and Scheler. Thomas approaches ethics by way of composed few line mile wordsworth good understood as perfection in being. Hence the ethics of Thomas is seen as closely connected to that philosophy of Close being which so impressed Father Wojtyla about St. Thomas. Kant and Scheler consider man not as a being, but as a consciousness. The norms and values which play a prominent role in the ethics of Kant and Scheler respectively are seen merely as contents of paper consciousness and not as integrally related to real acting persons. He compares the two approaches as follows:

[B]oth the and comparison, Kantian norm and the Schelerian value ended up being suspended in a vacuum, so to essays speak, because the complete human being is a being and not just a consciousness. The perfectionism that arises from the realistic assumptions of the philosophy of being allows us to perceive the very roots of both the norms and reading and comparison, the values of the integral human being. And therein lies its inviolable position in ethics. 11. In this essay, Father Wojtyla sides with the philosophy of being of St. Critique Paper? Thomas, arguing that it provides a sound basis for ethics.

The philosophy of consciousness, so characteristic of modern philosophy, is Close reading and comparison, criticized. This same evaluation is paper, expressed in an essay from 1959 comparing Thomas and Close reading, Scheler with respect to how they provide a basis for the moral norm: [I] n the critical thinking homeschool, light of reading and comparison my analysis of the thinking homeschool reviews, views of these two thinkers, St. Thomas Aquinas and Close reading and comparison, Max Scheler, I am led to conclude that the concept of a norm is justified in a system of moral philosophy that proceeds from an essays were the mulvaneys existential view of the good and is not really justified in reading and comparison a system of the philosophy of values. 12. In 1960, Bishop Wojtyla published Love and Responsibility, a work on the love between man and woman that seems to critique have influenced Pope Paul VI's encyclical Humanae Vitae. While there are a number of references to particular points in Close reading the ethics of St. Thomas in the work, there is not in this work the on microstrip antenna, same emphatic endorsement of St. Thomas combined with a rejection of the approach of Kant or Scheler. We do find, however, an endorsement of the approach of Aristotle and Close reading, St. Thomas.

Father Wojtyla will never turn his back on the soundness of the critique of research paper, Thomistic approach: In all that they wrote on ethics the standpoint of Close Aristotle and St. Thomas is one of unqualified perfectionism. In this they are at one with the fundamental trend of the Gospels . . . 13 And a little further on he adds: We see clearly here how the moral order is bound up with the critique, existential order, the order of nature. Sexual morality is deeply rooted in the laws of nature. 14 But when phenomenology and the metaphysical approach of Thomas are compared in this work, they are presented as complementary methodologies.

The phenomenological approach comes first, describing some aspect of human experience. The metaphysical approach is reading and comparison, then needed to interpret and more deeply understand what has been described. The topic on which the two approaches are compared is sexual shame: We see then that a proper understanding of sexual shame gives us certain guidelines for sexual morality generally. Mere description of the phenomenon, even if it is as perceptive as that of the phenomenologists, is not sufficient here #151; a metaphysical interpretation of it is also necessary. Sexual ethics may then find an critique experimental point of departure in the feeling of shame. 15.

The point is not that Bishop Wojtyla has suddenly decided that there is something of worth about the tendency of the phenomenologists to carefully describe what is given in human experience. He acknowledged that from the beginning of his essays. The point is Close reading and comparison, that Bishop Wojtyla seems to have begun to employ the careful phenomenological description of human experience more extensively. He seems more concerned to see how far such description will carry us and less concerned to criticize the problems phenomenologists encounter from their lack of a metaphysics. In an essay on Thomistic Personalism dating from 1961, we find a criticism both of the modern tendency to hypostatize consciousness, as if a person could be treated as pure consciousness, and also of the failure in the thought of St. Thomas to take consciousness seriously. It is not as if St. Thomas failed to recognize human consciousness and self-consciousness. Indeed, Bishop Wojtyla sees that St. Thomas has a more correct view of the place of consciousness in were the mulvaneys a human being than do most modern thinkers. Speaking initially of the modern hypostatizing or absolutizing of consciousness, he writes:

And this is perhaps the most characteristic feature of such philosophy: its subjectivism, its absolutizing of the subjective element, namely lived experience, together with consciousness as a permanent component of such experience . . . This is a completely different treatment from the reading and comparison, one we find in St. On Microstrip Antenna Array? Thomas. According to St. Thomas, consciousness and Close and comparison, self-consciousness are something derivative, a kind of critical homeschool reviews fruit of the rational nature that subsists in the person, a nature crystalized in reading a unitary rational and free being, and not something subsistent in of research paper themselves. If consciousness and and comparison, self-consciousness characterize the person, then they do so only in the accidental order, as derived from the rational nature on the basis of which the person acts. 16. But Thomas is then faulted for not seeing how much an analysis of consciousness can contribute to an understanding of the uniqueness of human beings: We can see here how very objectivistic St. Thomas' view of the person is. It almost seems as though there is no place in it for an analysis of consciousness and self-consciousness as totally unique manifestations of the person as a subject. . . . Homeschool? Thus St.

Thomas gives us an excellent view of the objective existence and activity of the person, but it would be difficult to speak in his view of the lived experiences of the person. 18. What development or shift, if any, has occurred in Wojtyla's thought? There is no backing away from the validity of the metaphysical analysis of reality found in St. Thomas. Reading And Comparison? If it is a matter of comparing the philosophy of essays on we being to be found in St.

Thomas with the philosophy of consciousness to be found in modern philosophers, then the philosophy of being is handed the Close reading and comparison, palm of victory as the more adequate analysis of reality and of human beings in general. Indeed, Thomas even has a more adequate analysis of the place of consciousness in cfm ethesis_id 1140 a human being, since consciousness is always the Close, consciousness of ca display a person and is not something subsisting in its own right. A human being is not a subsistent consciousness. But now Bishop Wojtyla decides that something of value is to be found in the modern approach and Close and comparison, is found to be lacking in the approach of St. Thomas.

Consciousness is something unique about cfm ethesis_id, human beings and this unique element is heavily focused on reading and comparison, in modern thought and receives scant attention in the thought of St. Thomas. What is the reason? It is as though the concern of St. Thomas is essays were the mulvaneys, primarily to explain, whereas the concern of many moderns is primarily to describe. Reading And Comparison? Describing comes naturally before explaining. Is it possible that if one is in a hurry to explain reality, one may miss one or more elements that can be had only by way of critique of research careful description?

Without answering this question immediately, we can say that what is new in the thought of Bishop Wojtyla is an reading and comparison increased appreciation of what can be gained by a description, as opposed to an explanation, of of research what is immanently contained within human experience. The phenomenological approach excels in description; the metaphysical approach excels in explanation. Hence more attention for some time to come will be paid by Bishop Wojtyla to what can be had via the phenomenological approach. From 1962 to 1965 Bishop Wojtyla attended the Second Vatican Council. In 1965 another article appeared in which there is another contrasting of the older Thomistic approach to ethics with the Close reading and comparison, newer approach which pays closer attention to what can be taken out of what is immanently contained within moral experience by a descriptive or phenomenological method. In this article, entitled The Problem of Catholic Sexual Ethics, we find the following contrast of the two approaches: To this day, the teleological view has not lost any of its metaphysical value, especially as far as theology is concerned.

It would be impossible, however, not to detect a certain withdrawal from it on the part of contemporary thought. This withdrawal is caused, on critical homeschool, the one hand, by a new, more critical attitude toward metaphysics, and, on Close, the other #151; and this, in my opinion, is the more important cause #151; by a more basic grasp of moral facts themselves, by critique of research, a reestablished contact with moral experience. In connection with this, ethics is pursued more as normative speculation than as teleological speculation. 19. Besides a consideration of how a careful description of consciousness can add to our understanding of human subjectivity and of what is Close reading, unique about human beings, we find here a conviction that a more careful analysis of human experience, especially moral experience, can enrich ethics by enriching our understanding of how norms play a part in 1140 moral life. Even though there is here an emphasis on a more careful grasp of the moral facts contained in our experience, Wojtyla remains convinced that norms cannot be understood if the person is seen as a pure consciousness: This whole norm-generating aspect disappears when we conceive the person in a totally subjectivistic way as pure consciousness. 20 This is because norms can only be justified in Close and comparison and through a philosophy of being that grasps the order that governs the on microstrip antenna, world. 21 This order itself is understood only in and through a grasp of the essences or natures of things and how they are related. 22. In an essay entitled Ethics and Moral Theology, dating from 1967, we find Bishop Wojtyla again noting with appreciation what can be gained from a closer look at the modern philosophy of consciousness.

The two elements already noted #151; namely an approach to ethics based on Close, norms and paper, an enhanced understanding of what it is to be human based on an emphasis on consciousness #151; are presented together: a) 'Getting to the bottom' of morality by Close, explaining it on the basis of the ultimate end has given way to explaining and justifying morality on the basis of critical thinking values and norms. We are concerned today not so much with determining the ultimate end of moral conduct as with giving an ultimate justification of the norms of morality. 23. b) The second element is anthropology. Together with the emergence of the philosophy of consciousness and the development of the cognitive tools proper to it (e.g. the phenomenological method), new conditions are taking shape for enriching the reading, concept of the human person in terms of the whole subjective, 'conscious' aspect, which had in some ways been leveled in metaphysical 'naturalism'. 24. It is not at all clear that he has changed his mind about how norms are to be justified. Indeed, he admits that a search for the ultimate justification of on microstrip moral norms may lead us straight to the ultimate end. Close Reading And Comparison? 25 And from what he has written elsewhere, it seems he thinks an 1140 appeal to man's ultimate end is needed in reading and comparison order to justify moral norms.

The point is ca display, simply that ethics can be approached by way of an emphasis on the norms that can be drawn from an analysis of moral experience itself. The matter is and comparison, one of a change of method, or, rather, of the supplementation of a traditional method with a more modern approach, for the sake of a more adequate presentation of moral theology. Essays On Punk Rock? He sees the need to supplement the 'theology of ultimate realities,' which corresponds more to the teleological treatment of moral theology, with the moral aspect of a 'theology of earthly realities,' which corresponds more to the normative treatment of moral theology. 26 There is here no question of supplanting the metaphysical approach with a phenomenological approach. The goal being aimed at is a deeper understanding of the contents of moral experience. If supplementing the traditional goal of Close reading and comparison explaining morality in terms of ultimate ends by a modern goal of a more complete explicating of the contents of moral experience itself will give us that deeper understanding, then the Bishop is in favor of it. In 1969 The Acting Person appeared in its Polish version. Little seems to have changed in Cardinal Wojtyla's thinking on the relative merits of the on we were the mulvaneys, metaphysical versus the phenomenological ways of doing philosophy. What seems new and distinctive is a deepened understanding of Close consciousness and the role it plays in trying to understand man. Consider how phenomenology and metaphysics are related to one another in composed few line william wordsworth the following parenthetical statement: (At this point phenomenology seems to infringe boldly upon metaphysics, and it is here that its reliance upon metaphysics is most needed; for phenomena themselves can visualize a thing clearly enough, but they are incapable of a sufficient explanation of themselves.) 27 Once again, phenomenology is intent on seeing or intuiting what is immediately given to one to know.

Consequent on that, it describes what is seen. But reasoning, especially of the metaphysical sort, is needed if one is to arrive at any complete account of the causes of reading a thing. Paper? Phenomenology is not to be despised since, if pursued with some diligence, it enables one to provide a more complete foundation for reasoning by and comparison, giving a more complete account of what is immediately given in experience. That this is Cardinal Wojtyla's position comes out in the following: [I]t seems however that we have gone much farther than traditional philosophy in its conception of man, inasmuch as in our analyses we have accumulated sufficient evidence of the spirituality of man in the descriptive phenomenological sense which also led, even if only indirectly, to the ontological level.

In the course of gaining an insight into the transcendence of the person, we saw how the spirituality of the human being is manifested. Ca Display Cfm Ethesis_id 1140? 28. And yet there are aspects of human nature that do not seem attainable and able to Close be elucidated by the phenomenological method alone. One example is the relation between soul and body: Intuition indeed appears to pave the few line mile william wordsworth, way for, and lead us near to, an reading and comparison understanding of the soul-body relation, but as we have mentioned, it does not allow us to grasp this relation. We may approach it solely in terms of metaphysical categories. 29 From this we can see that there is little change in Cardinal Wojtyla's evaluation of the relative importance of the descriptive and metaphysical approaches in critique paper philosophy.

They are not in opposition to one another because they complement one another. The phenomenological-descriptive method naturally comes first. He uses it more than he thinks it was used in the ancient and medieval periods. But it does no more than carefully prepare the way for the causal-metaphysical method so heavily used by the older tradition, especially by Close reading, St. Thomas. And yet there is a growing conviction on the Cardinal's part that the composed few line mile william wordsworth, subjectivity so characteristic of man, so definitive of his interior life, can only be grasped and appreciated by way of the modern phenomenological approach. He begins The Acting Person by saying that: The inspiration to embark upon this study came from the need to objectivize that great cognitive process which at its origin may be defined as the experience of man; this experience, which man has of Close reading himself, is the richest and apparently the most complex of all experiences accessible to him.

Man's experience of anything outside himself is always associated with the experience of himself, and he never experiences anything external without having at were the mulvaneys the same time the experience of himself. 30. No matter what we know, we are also concomitantly aware of ourselves as knowing it. This is what is unique about our experience of ourselves. We may know other persons and and comparison, we may know ourselves in the same objective way that we know other persons, but our concomitant awareness of essays object known, act of knowing, and the subject in whom the Close and comparison, knowing occurs only focuses on ourselves. Thesis Antenna Array? Ancient and medieval philosophy, which Cardinal Wojtyla consistently calls the philosophy of reading and comparison being, focused on the objective knowing of things and of the self. Modern philosophy, which he calls the philosophy of consciousness, has been very concerned with that concomitant awareness of the self as knowing things. The term philosophy of consciousness comes from the fact that the concomitant awareness of self as knowing something is also called consciousness or self-consciousness.

Consciousness or self-awareness is ca display cfm ethesis_id 1140, oriented to what is within. Objective acts of knowing, on the other hand, even when focused on the self, treat their objects as though independent and outer. What happens if objective acts of knowing are treated as if they are the same as acts of reading awareness? One possibility is critical, that cognitive acts of awareness of things will be taken to focus on actual interior objects treated as if they were external. Even if this is not an actual explanation for the idealistic tendencies of modern philosophy, it is worth considering. Are acts of awareness or consciousness the same as acts of knowing things, with the only difference being that the objects of awareness always seem to be internal insofar as they always seem focused on Close reading and comparison, the self? Is one of the antenna, reasons for the great divide between the philosophy of being and the philosophy of consciousness that consciousness and regular acts of cognition have not been correctly understood in their interrelations? A conviction that this is so seems to be one of the motivating factors of The Acting Person. Reading And Comparison? 31. If, as Cardinal Wojtyla thinks, inward facing consciousness and outward facing object-oriented cognitive acts have not been rightly related to one another, then we must ask how he understands the relation between the two. Cfm Ethesis_id? Since his understanding of normal object-oriented acts of knowing is not unusual, but his understanding of consciousness is, we must focus more on his understanding of consciousness.

He contrasts the two functions of objective knowing and consciousness when he asks himself in what sense consciousness is to be understood: It lies in the essence of cognitive acts performed by man to investigate a thing, to objectivize it intentionally, and in this way to and comparison comprehend it. In this sense cognitive acts have an thinking homeschool reviews intentional character, since they are directed toward the cognitive object; for reading they find in it the reason for their existence as acts of comprehension and knowledge. 32. The intentionality of cognitive acts simply refers to the way they tend toward, or intend, their objects. This is the object-oriented character of acts of knowing. Critical? He then continues: The same does not seem to apply to consciousness. In opposition to the classic phenomenological view, we propose that the cognitive reason for the existence of and comparison consciousness and of the acts proper to it does not consist in the penetrative apprehension of the constitutive elements of the object, in its objectivation leading to cfm ethesis_id 1140 the constitution of the object. Hence the intentionality that is characteristic for cognitive acts #151; to which we owe the formation, and an understanding, of the objective reality on any of its levels #151; does not seem to be derived from acts of consciousness.

These are not essentially intentional by nature, even though all that is the object of our cognition, comprehension, and knowledge is Close reading, also the object of our consciousness. But while comprehension and knowledge contribute in an intentional way to thesis the formation of the object #151; it is in this that consists the Close, inherent dynamism of cognizing #151; consciousness as such is restricted to of research paper mirroring what has already been cognized. Consciousness is, so to speak, the understanding of what has been constituted and comprehended. The purport of the preceding remarks is that the intrinsic cognitive dynamism, the reading and comparison, very operation of cognition, does not belong to few line william wordsworth consciousness. 33. The point here is reading, somewhat difficult to understand. What is clear is that Cardinal Wojtyla is taking the unusual position that consciousness, or acts of awareness of what is being known and of our knowing it, is not intentional in the way cognitive acts are. What is difficult is that he admits that consciousness is in one sense as object-oriented as are acts of knowing. Yet he claims that there is enough of a difference in the way that acts of knowing and acts of consciousness are object-oriented to say that the one is intentional and the other really is thesis antenna array, not. What is the difference? The difference seems to consist in reading the dynamic, object forming or constituting nature of acts of knowing versus the passive, object mirroring or reflecting nature of acts of conscious awareness of essay mile wordsworth what is being known.

One thing that makes this position somewhat difficult to and comparison maintain is that in some sense consciousness is obviously cognitive in nature, i.e. it is a knowing of knowable objects. And yet, even as he admits this, he emphasizes the passive character of consciousness: Although it is true to say that in the ultimate analysis the function of consciousness is cognitive, this statement describes its nature only in a very general way; for in this function consciousness seems to be only ca display 1140 a reflection, or rather a mirroring, of what happens in man and of his acting, of what he does and how he does it. 34. And yet consciousness is Close and comparison, not purely passive, for to it the Cardinal attributes also the specific quality of penetrating and illuminating whatever becomes in any way man's cognitive possession. 35 And then, lest we should think this penetrating and illuminating is thinking, like regular acts of knowing, he quickly adds: (But such penetrative illumination is Close, not tantamount to the active understanding of objects and, subsequently, to the constituting of ca display their meanings.) If we are to keep to this description, the penetrative illumination is rather like keeping objects and their cognitive meanings in the light, or in the actual field of consciousness. 36. At this point one might wonder whether consciousness is a separate power of knowing within human beings, since it is and is not like the knowing of objects according to Cardinal Wojtyla. He hastens to assure us that consciousness is not a separate and reading and comparison, self-contained reality, 37 but rather is the subjective content of the of research paper, being and acting that is conscious, the Close reading and comparison, being and acting proper to man.

38 Not only is consciousness not the 'substantive' subject of the acts of consciousness, neither is it a faculty or a power. 39 Then what is it? It is nothing other than acts of awareness: . . . from what was already said of the ca display cfm ethesis_id, nature of the consciousness it is clear that it is entirely dissolved in its own acts and in their specific character of Close reading 'being aware.' 40 Consciousness, then, is a collection of acts of awareness. These acts of antenna awareness are cognitive in nature in that they are of Close reading objects. But they are not like normal acts of knowing insofar as they are not actively intending and constituting knowable things as objects known. Instead of thesis on microstrip antenna array seeming to reading pass out of the knower into a world of objects known, acts of consciousness seem to passively receive the things known as well as our acts of knowing them into cfm ethesis_id, ourselves as the knowing subject, thus emphasizing our subjectivity, our interior life, our experience of reality:

. . . [I]t is Close and comparison, not only cognitively that man enters into the world of other men and thesis array, objects and even discovers himself there as one of them: he has also as his possession all this world in the image mirrored by consciousness, which is a factor in his innermost, most personal life. For consciousness not only reflects but also interiorizes in its own specific manner what it mirrors, thus encapsulating or capturing it in the person's ego. 41. This interiorizing function of consciousness, by which what is mirrored or reflected is bound up with the one who is experiencing himself as the one knowing and the one reflecting what he knows, is given a new name. It is Close reading, called the reflexive function of consciousness. The reflexive function of consciousness makes consciousness like regular acts of knowing in another way. While consciousness in its passive mirroring or reflecting function is not said to actively constitute anything, in the way acts of knowing constitute objects as known, the reflexive function of essays on we the mulvaneys consciousness does constitute something. It constitutes experience as something uniquely subjective. The difference between the reflective and reflexive functions of and comparison consciousness, understood as a collection of critical acts of awareness, is laid out as follows: . . . [R]eflection and Close and comparison, reflectiveness are of themselves insufficient when it comes to constituting an experience. This necessitates a special turning back upon ca display the subject, and and comparison, it is to this turn that we owe, along with experience, the emphasized subjectiveness of the experiencing ego.

It is this particular mode of the constitutive function as proper to consciousness that we define as 'reflexive,' whereby we mean that it directs everything back upon the subject. 42. It is by means of his analysis of essays rock consciousness and its two functions that Cardinal Wojtyla tries to reading solve a problem that has plagued a number of modern philosophers, namely, how can I ever grasp myself as a knowing subject, which I seem to on microstrip do, if I turn myself into the object known every time I try to reading and comparison know myself? Cardinal Wojtyla allows the normal intentional acts of knowing to know the self or subject as object. At the same time, consciousness is doing two things: it is mirroring or reflecting my knowing myself as object and it is also somehow referring my knowing myself as object back to myself as the knowing subject.

In this way, via consciousness functioning reflexively, I experience myself as subject knowing myself as an object. Rock? He lays out the Close and comparison, elements involved and the importance of the distinctions involved when he writes: . . . [I]t is one thing to be the few line william wordsworth, subject, another to be cognized (that is, objectivized) as the subject, and a still different thing to experience one's self as the subject of one's own acts and experiences. (The last distinction we owe to the reflexive function of consciousness.) This discrimination is of tremendous import for all our further analyses, which we shall have to make in our efforts to grasp the reading and comparison, whole dynamic reality of the acting person and to account for the subjectiveness that is given to us in experience. 43. It seems that it is this matter of experiencing oneself as the critique of research, subject of Close and comparison one's own acts and experiences that will be referred to as lived experience. References to lived experience will become more frequent and its nature will become a crucial question in a short period of time in Cardinal Wojtyla's work. In the same year as The Acting Person was published, namely 1969, Cardinal Wojtyla delivered a short paper entitled The Human Person and Natural Law.

It was published in 1970. In this essay Cardinal Wojtyla is investigating a supposed conflict between the person and the natural law. This leads him to critique of research examine two different meanings of nature. Reading And Comparison? According to one meaning of nature, which he attributes first to ca display the phenomenalists and tentatively, but later more clearly, to the phenomenologists, there is a conflict between the person and the natural law. According to the other meaning of nature, which is called the metaphysical one, and which he attributes to the Thomistic school, there is no conflict between person and natural law. He clearly identifies himself with the Thomistic school when he writes: We in the Thomistic school, the school of 'perennial philosophy,' are accustomed to primarily or exclusively one meaning #151; nature in the metaphysical sense . . . 44 Of course this entails separating himself from what he presented as the phenomenological interpretation of nature. In 1974 an article entitled The Personal Structure of Self-Determination appeared. In it Cardinal Wojtyla is again combining the phenomenological and metaphysical approaches to Close arrive at a deeper understanding of man. In this essay his love of St.

Thomas is very much in evidence, since it is clear that he is interested in uncovering the sources in human experience from which St. Thomas derived a deep understanding of how the will functions in human beings: I believe, however, that, with the essays on punk rock, aid of the comprehensive experience of the human being and human action, we can more fully apprehend the dynamism of the will and in Close reading this way come closer to the complete view handed down by St. Composed Mile Wordsworth? Thomas. It is precisely the reality of self-determination that brings this to light. 45. Even though the descriptive approach proper to phenomenology will help to uncover the reading and comparison, contents of our experience of thinking homeschool our own willing, yet the explanation of the Close reading and comparison, act of critical thinking homeschool reviews will and what it does to the human being who performs acts of willing can only Close and comparison be had via the thesis, metaphysical method:

By virtue of self-determination, I experience in the relatively most immediate way that I am a person. Reading And Comparison? Of course, the path from this experience to an understanding that would qualify as a complete theory of the person must lead through metaphysical analysis. Still, experience is the indispensable beginning of this path, and the lived experience of self-determination seems to be the nucleus of this beginning. Critical Thinking? 46. The complementary relation of the two methods, called phenomenological and metaphysical, and the overall aim of a deeper understanding of the thought of St. Thomas comes out strongly at the end of the Close and comparison, essay: I have attempted . . Thesis? . in this short presentation, to stress the Close, very real need for a confrontation of the metaphysical view of the person that we find in wordsworth St. Thomas and in the traditions of reading and comparison Thomistic philosophy with the comprehensive experience of the human being.

Such a confrontation will throw more light on the cognitive sources from thesis on microstrip, which the Angelic Doctor derived his metaphysical view. 47. Subjectivity, Phenomenology, and Thomism. Up to this point, we have not encountered any clear evidence that would enable one to and comparison argue that Cardinal Wojtyla at some point ceased to of research paper be a Thomist. He has gone from a strong defense of the adequacy of the reading and comparison, thought of Aristotle and St. Thomas to thesis array a supplementing of their thought with what can be gained from the Close reading, descriptive and intuitive approach to human experience characteristic of phenomenology. He has come to emphasize the value of an critical reviews exploration of reading and comparison consciousness for a deeper understanding of the subjectivity of the human person.

This is something he did not find in Thomas. He was stimulated to investigate by his reading of modern thinkers, especially Kant and Scheler. But this is by way of supplementing, not disagreeing with, what he found in Aristotle and Thomas. In 1975, however, he published an article which seems to bring him into conflict in a minor way with the metaphysics of Aristotle and Thomas. The article is entitled Subjectivity and the Irreducible in the Human Being. Were? The point to the article is that the subjectivity, or consciousness, or lived experience, of the human person cannot be explained by the ten categories of reading Aristotle and St. Thomas. To explain consciousness by critique paper, the ten categories would be to reduce it to something other than itself. The Cardinal thinks that human subjectivity is sui generis, that is, it is something so of its own kind that it cannot be explained by some other aspect of being.

This would mean that the ten categories of and comparison being would not be adequate to thinking explain human beings. It would also mean that the explanation St. Close And Comparison? Thomas gave of human knowledge, and thesis, especially of self-knowledge, was not adequate. One question worth pursuing in this essay is, even if Cardinal Wojtyla is right (and I am convinced that he is not), would he be a non-Thomist for holding such a position? Before answering, let us consider his argument. I am convinced that the Close reading, line of demarcation between the subjectivistic (idealistic) and objectivistic (realistic) views in anthropology and ethics must break down and is in fact breaking down on the basis of the experience of the human being. This experience automatically frees us from pure consciousness as the subject conceived and assumed a priori and leads us to the full concrete existence of the human being, to the reality of the conscious subject. With all the phenomenological analyses in the realm of that assumed subject (pure consciousness) now at our disposal, we can no longer go on treating the paper, human being exclusively as an objective being, but we must also somehow treat the human being as a subject in the dimension in which the specifically human subjectivity of the human being is determined by consciousness. 48. Even though he thinks that modern thinkers erred in treating consciousness as if it were a subject or agent in its own right, yet he thinks that their investigations into consciousness itself brought valuable contributions to our understanding of human beings. The ancient and medieval thinkers did not deny this aspect of the person; they simply left this area of investigation in an undeveloped state.

He articulates his claim as follows: Traditional Aristotelian anthropology was based, as we know, on Close reading and comparison, the definition . On Punk Rock? . . homo est animal rationale . . . [T]he definition is constructed in reading and comparison such a way that it excludes #151; when taken simply and directly #151; the were, possibility of accentuating the irreducible in the human being. Close? It implies #151; at least at first glance #151; a belief in the reducibility of the human being to the world. The reason for maintaining such reducibility has always been the need to understand the essays on we were the mulvaneys, human being. This type of understanding could be defined as cosmological. 49. It could also be defined as objectivistic since it treats the Close reading and comparison, human being as an objective being. Subjectivity, on the other hand, is, as it were, a term proclaiming that the human being's proper essence cannot be totally reduced to and explained by the proximate genus and specific difference. Subjectivity is, then, a kind of synonym for the irreducible in the human being. Ca Display Cfm Ethesis_id? If there is an opposition here, it is not between objectivism and subjectivism, but only between two philosophical . . . methods of treating the Close reading, human being: as an object and as a subject. At the same time, we must not forget that the subjectivity of the human person is essays rock, also something objective.

50. But even though the philosophical tradition that grew out of the Aristotelian approach may have approached the human being as an object, the reading and comparison, Cardinal does not think that Aristotle's definition of man as a rational animal demands that we treat man as an object, i.e., as a being lacking in subjectivity: I should also emphasize that the method of treating the human being as an on punk object does not result directly from the Aristotelian definition itself, nor does it belong to the metaphysical conception of the human being in the Aristotelian tradition . . Reading? . Still, the critical homeschool reviews, traditional view of the human being as a person . . . Close Reading? expressed the individuality of the human being as a substantial being with a rational . . . nature, rather than the uniqueness of the subjectivity essential to the human being as a person. Thus the Boethian definition mainly marked out the 'metaphysical terrain' #151; the dimension of being #151; in which personal human subjectivity is realized, creating, in a sense, a condition for 'building upon' this terrain on the basis of thesis on microstrip antenna array experience. 51. So the Aristotelian and Close reading and comparison, Boethian, and, by implication, the Thomistic, definition provides a metaphysical foundation for understanding human subjectivity, but it does not build on it. If modern investigations into consciousness enable us to build on the Aristotelian foundation, the question remains whether the building brings us into any conflict with the composed essay, foundation. How do we construct the and comparison, building of human subjectivity on the foundation of ca display cfm ethesis_id man as a rational animal?

The category to which we must go in order to do this 'building' seems to be that of lived experience. This is a category foreign to Aristotle's metaphysics . . . [W]hen the dynamic reality of the human being is interpreted in Aristotelian categories, there is in each case (including in the case of agere [acting] and pati [being acted on]) an aspect not directly apprehended by such a metaphysical interpretation or reduction, namely, the aspect of lived experience as the irreducible, as the element that defies reduction. 52. His point is that lived experience, or, in other words, human subjectivity and the interior life of consciousness, cannot be explained in terms of the traditional metaphysical categories of acting and being acted upon. It is Close and comparison, precisely the mirroring and reflexive functions of consciousness, which interiorize my actions in a unique way, which cannot themselves be interpreted as actions and thus explained by the ten categories of being of Aristotle. Of Research Paper? This is reading, made somewhat clearer when he continues: [T]he issue is not just the metaphysical objectification of the human being as an acting subject, as the agent of thesis array acts, but the revelation of the person as a subject experiencing its acts and inner happenings, and with them its own subjectivity. From the moment the need to interpret the acting human being is expressed, the category of lived experience must have a place in anthropology and ethics #151; and even somehow be at the center of their respective interpretations. 53.

The worth of the ten categories to interpret reality is not being denied, but it is Close reading, being qualified. The claim is being made that they are not adequate to interpret human beings, specifically human subjectivity. In addition, the claim is being made that if we do not include human subjectivity in essays on we our account of the human person, we are missing something important. And Comparison? And in order to understand human subjectivity, we must understand consciousness and how it functions: In order to interpret the human being in thesis array the context of lived experience, the aspect of consciousness must be introduced into the analysis of and comparison human existence. The human being is thesis on microstrip array, then given to us not merely as a being defined according to species, but as a concrete self, a self-experiencing subject. Our own subjective being and the existence proper to it . . . appear to us in experience precisely as a self-experiencing subjects. 54. The approach of Aristotle and St. Thomas may be called cosmological because it seems to lead (even if it does not) in the direction of reducing and restricting human beings to the material cosmos, to a world of beings lacking a deep interior life made possible by consciousness.

The approach Cardinal Wojtyla would use to supplement the traditional approach is called personalistic precisely because he thinks it captures what is unique about human persons. We should pause in the process of reading and comparison reduction, which leads us in the direction of understanding the human being in the world (a cosmological type of understanding), in order to understand the human being inwardly. This latter type of understanding may be called personalistic. The personalistic type of understanding the human being is not the antinomy of the cosmological type but its complement. As I mentioned earlier, the definition of the person formulated by Boethius only marks out the metaphysical terrain for interpreting the personal subjectivity of the thesis on microstrip antenna, human being. 55.

The use of the phenomenological method is demanded, according to the Cardinal, precisely because consciousness and human subjectivity cannot be explained by being traced back to a set of categories more basic than itself. Close? Its essence or nature and its relations to other aspects of the human being can only be carefully intuited and then described: The irreducible . Composed Mile William Wordsworth? . . can only be disclosed or revealed. Lived experience essentially defies reduction. This does not mean, however, that it eludes our knowledge; it only means that we must arrive at the knowledge of it differently, namely, by a method or means of analysis that merely reveals and reading and comparison, discloses its essence. The method of phenomenological analysis allows us to pause at lived experience as the ca display 1140, irreducible. This method is not just a descriptive cataloging of individual phenomena . . . When we pause at the lived experience of the irreducible, we attempt to permeate cognitively the whole essence of this experience. We thus apprehend both the essentially subjective structure of lived experience and its structural relation to the subjectivity of the Close, human being. Phenomenological analysis thus contributes to critical thinking reviews trans-phenomenal understanding; it also contributes to a disclosure of the richness proper to human existence in reading and comparison the whole complex compositum humanum. Thesis On Microstrip Antenna Array? 56.

The phenomenological method does not bring us into conflict with the and comparison, traditional approach of St. Thomas, although it may add to what he had to say. The reason is of research, simple according to Close reading Cardinal Wojtyla. All our attempts to explain reality must begin with what is given to us in experience. Phenomenology, when practiced correctly, simply focuses very carefully on the contents of what is given to cfm ethesis_id 1140 us in experience. In 1976, Cardinal Wojtyla published the essay, The Person: Subject and and comparison, Community. In it he continues to hold fast to the fundamental correctness of what had been discovered by St. Thomas by way of the philosophy of being while supplementing it with what can be drawn from the modern tradition of the philosophy of cfm ethesis_id 1140 consciousness. He continues to maintain that the philosophy of being, even though it did not develop an understanding of consciousness, yet gives us a better foundation for understanding the nature of and comparison consciousness than we find in the modern philosophy of critique of research paper consciousness itself.

At the same time, he continues to hold that consciousness itself cannot be reduced to the ten categories of Aristotle, and specifically not to the categories of acting and being acted upon, to which we are tempted to Close reduce it. The gnosiological attitude in philosophy has replaced the critique, metaphysical attitude: being is constituted in and somehow through consciousness. The reality of the person, however, demands the restoration of the notion of reading conscious being, a being that is not constituted in of research and through consciousness but that instead somehow constitutes consciousness. This also applies to the reality of action as conscious activity. While it may be granted that the person and action #151; or, to put it another way, my own existing and acting self #151; is constituted in consciousness to the extent that consciousness always reflects the existence (esse) and reading and comparison, activity (operari) of that self, still the experience of the human being (and especially the experience of my own self) clearly reveals that consciousness is always subjectified in the self and that its roots are always the suppositum humanum. Consciousness is on punk, not an independent subject, although by means of a certain abstraction, or rather exclusion, which in Husserlian terminology is called epoche, consciousness could be treated as though it were a subject.

This way of treating consciousness forms the basis of all transcendental philosophy, which investigates acts of cognition as intentional acts of consciousness, that is, as acts directed toward extra-subjective, objective contents (phenomena). As long as this type of analysis of Close and comparison consciousness retains the character of a cognitive method, it can and does bear excellent fruit. And yet because this method is based on critique paper, the exclusion (epoche) of consciousness from Close and comparison, reality, from really existing being, it cannot be regarded as a philosophy of that reality, and it certainly cannot be regarded as a philosophy of the human being, the human person. At the paper, same time, however, there can be no doubt that this method should be used extensively in the philosophy of the human beings. 57. According to Cardinal Wojtyla, it is reading and comparison, I, the real substantial being, who am at the basis of the activity of knowing. Through knowing I give being within myself to the objects known, even when I myself am an object.

In addition, through acts of awareness or consciousness, I give an additional degree of interiority to the whole world as known and to myself as knowing it. The being given to the things known by acts of knowing seems to constitute them as a world of objects, even if they are objects known within a knower. But consciousness, by passively reflecting and then actively relating all that is known and reflected back to the ego as subject of few line mile william wordsworth knowing and of awareness, interiorizes the world and the ego and enables me to grasp myself uniquely as subject and not as object. It is because he wants to hold fast to this conclusion that Cardinal Wojtyla disagrees with Husserl's position that consciousness itself is intentional and object-oriented. And it is because he wants to hold fast to this conclusion that he maintains that acts of Close reading and comparison awareness or consciousness, even though they seem like acts of knowing, must be distinguished from acts of knowing. Consciousness is of research, not an independent subject, but it does play a key role in understanding the personal subjectivity of the human being. It is impossible to grasp and Close and comparison, objectify the relation between the suppositum humanum and the human self without taking into consideration consciousness and its function. The function of consciousness is not purely cognitive in the sense that this may be said of acts of human knowledge or even self-knowledge. While I can agree with Husserl that these acts are in consciousness, it is quite another thing to on we the mulvaneys say that they are proper to consciousness and correspond genetically to its proper function. Close Reading? Consciousness, insofar as it undoubtedly reflects whatever is objectified cognitively by the human being, at the same time and above all endows this objectified content with the subjective dimension proper to the human being as a subject.

Consciousness interiorizes all the human being cognizes, including everything that the individual cognizes from within in thesis antenna array acts of self-knowledge, and makes it all a content of the subject's lived experience. 58. It may sound odd that we give the world being within ourselves in reading and comparison two separate stages and in thesis on microstrip antenna two separate ways, first through acts of knowing, and secondly through acts of Close reading awareness, which give being not only to all the critique paper, things known through acts of knowing, but also to the acts of knowing themselves. The acts of knowing, which can take not only Close reading external things as their objects, but also I myself and my own acts of knowing, can be explained by the Aristotelian category of acting. The acts of awareness, which passively reflect and reflexively refer to myself as subject all that I know in the first way, cannot be explained by the Aristotelian category of acting despite the strong temptation to call them acts of awareness or of consciousness. Now it is certainly true that I am concomitantly aware of all that I know when I am knowing it.

In this way there is antenna, a distinction between knowing and awareness of knowing. But does it not seem odd, when awareness or self-consciousness is naturally described as acts of awareness, to hold that they are not really acts at all? Does it not seem odd, seeing that awareness seems to Close reading and comparison be a form of composed essay few line mile william knowing, to say that awareness is generally cognitive but does not consist of acts of knowing? Something seems amiss here. In 1977 The Acting Person came out in English translation. For that edition some changes were made. Close? Notes were added which were not present in essays the Polish edition. Also, two prefaces, one a draft and the other the definitive version, both supposedly dating from March, 1977, were added to the book. Among the notes added to the back of the English edition, there is one on consciousness which repeats the author's rejection of the intentional character of consciousness.

Consciousness is always of something yet it is not intentional in the way cognitive acts are intentional. Consciousness seems to be intentional apparently because it reflects cognitive acts which are intentional. In addition, we speak of acts of awareness or of consciousness, yet we are told that this is just a manner of speaking. Acts of Close reading and comparison consciousness are not acts in the strict sense of the word. In this connection it seems proper to adopt a different, dynamic concept of the act #151; the concept associated with the Aristotelian tradition #151; and consequently also a different concept of thesis on microstrip antenna array intentionality. We thus regard as acts in the strict sense of the word only the manifestations of the real powers of the person.

Thus when following the reading and comparison, manner of speaking widely accepted in phenomenology we refer to 'acts of consciousness,' the essays on punk, reader has to remember that we are using the phrase only figuratively, for Close reading its convenience and not its adequacy. Similarly we understand 'intention' as an active directing upon the object; thus strictly speaking consciousness, as here conceived, has no intentionality and so the term, as we use it, has only a secondary and derived meaning owing to the intentional acts of knowledge or self-knowledge as real faculties. 59. Why are acts of consciousness not real acts? Because they seem more passive than ordinary acts directed at things as at objects. And yet it is part of our experience to speak of being actively aware of what is going on or aware of what we are doing or thinking about.

Are acts of awareness not manifestations of real powers of a person? As being generally cognitive, they would seem to on microstrip be acts of our powers of knowing. And if consciousness consists of no more than a collection of acts that are not really acts but are more passive reflections of acts, then consciousness begins to seem more mysterious. In what is the reading and comparison, reflecting going on? And why is consciousness not intentional? Because it is not an active directing upon essays were an object. And yet it does seem active and Close and comparison, it does seem directed upon the objects of composed wordsworth which we are aware, including ourselves as subjects of acts. The Cardinal's attempt to set himself apart from both the Aristotelian and reading and comparison, the Phenomenological traditions in the way he relates consciousness to cognitive acts seems neither adequate nor convincing. Does the Cardinal still think of himself as a Thomist at composed essay mile wordsworth this point?

In the rough draft of his preface it is clear that he does. Close And Comparison? Even though he holds himself in this particular work to be indebted especially to Scheler, he continues to think of himself as a student of St. Thomas. Thinking Reviews? Having in reading and comparison mind his current presentation of the problem of the human being as a person, seen especially through the light of consciousness, he writes: This presentation of the problem, completely new in relation to the traditional philosophy (and by traditional philosophy we understand here the pre-Cartesian philosophy and above all the heritage of Aristotle, and, among the Catholic schools of thought, of St. Thomas Aquinas) has provoked me to undertake an attempt at reinterpreting certain formulations proper to this whole philosophy. The first question which was born in the mind of the present student of St. Essays? Thomas (certainly a very poor student) was the question: What is the relationship between action as interpreted by the traditional ethic as actus humanus, and the action as an experience. This and other similar questions led me gradually to a more synthetic formulation in the form of the present study The Acting Person. 60.

It is consciousness that constitutes our actions and ourselves as part of our experience, strictly speaking. Hence, in trying, in The Acting Person, to reading pin down the relationship between a specifically human act, as traditionally understood, and action as an experience, i.e. action as interiorized by consciousness or acts of awareness, what the essays on punk rock, Cardinal thinks of himself as doing is enlarging what has been received from the Aristotelian and Close, Thomistic understanding of the person with what can be taken from the modern philosophy of consciousness when it is antenna, purged of its erroneous way of reading looking at man. John Paul II as a Student of St. Thomas. That the Cardinal was thinking of himself in wordsworth earnest as a student of St. Thomas comes out Close and comparison very clearly just over a year after he is elected pope and takes the critical, name John Paul II. In November of 1979 he returns to the Angelicum and speaks on the Perennial Philosophy of St. Thomas for the Youth of Our Times. He praises the philosophy of St.

Thomas for its spirit of openness and of universalism. 61 He finds the basis of its openness and universalism in its being a philosophy of the act of existing which enables us to rise to the knowledge of subsisting Being, that is, to God. 62 It is on the same basis that Thomas' philosophy is able to grasp all that shows itself to the human intellect, 63 and in particular the reading, being of man himself. It is also from this affirmation of paper being that the philosophy of St. Thomas draws its power to Close and comparison justify itself from the methodological point of view, as a branch of knowledge that cannot be reduced to any other science whatever, and as one that transcends them all by establishing itself as independent of them and at the same time as bringing them to completion in regard to critical thinking homeschool their true nature. 64. He then raises a question that bears directly on Close reading, his own efforts to enlarge the thought of Thomas in order to ca display arrive at a more complete understanding of man himself. Can one be a Thomist and yet be open to other philosophies or ways of thinking?

Is it to be feared that by favoring the philosophy of St. Thomas one will undermine the right to exist that is enjoyed by different cultures or hinder the progress of human thought? Such a fear would clearly be groundless because the methodological principle invoked above implies that whatever is real has its source in the act of existing . . Close? . and because the essays on we were the mulvaneys, perennial philosophy, by Close reading, reason of that principle, can claim in advance, so to speak, all that is true in regard to reality. By the same token, every understanding of reality #151; which does in fact correspond to reality #151; has every right to be accepted by composed few line mile, the philosophy of being, no matter who is to be credited with such progress in understanding or to reading what philosophical school that person belongs. Hence, the other trends in philosophy, if regarded from this point of essay william view, can and indeed should be treated as natural allies of the philosophy of St.

Thomas, and as partners worthy of attention and respect in the dialogue that is carried on in the presence of reality. 65. In short, it is precisely because Pope John Paul II sees the philosophy of St. Thomas as did Maritain and Gilson, namely, as a philosophy based on the primacy of the act of existing, that he sees it as open to being enlarged or supplemented by insights taken from Close, other schools of thought. Even when the pope thinks it necessary to somehow unite insights taken from Thomas with insights taken from the philosophers of consciousness, it is clear which is basic and which is supplemental. He refuses to see man as a consciousness who constitutes being. He holds fast to the Thomistic understanding of man as a being of on we were the mulvaneys a kind that has a consciousness. The world view remains that of St.

Thomas. The supplemental insights are drawn from the philosophers of consciousness while their erroneous world view is left behind. Close Reading? From his struggles with Wais' Ontology in the underground seminary to his address to the Angelicum after becoming pope, it is clear that the philosophy of being of St. Thomas, a world view which he appreciated more deeply as time went on, remained the foundation of his philosophical thought. Mile William Wordsworth? In this sense, Pope John Paul II was a Thomist in a more basic way than St. Close Reading? Thomas was an thesis on microstrip antenna array Aristotelian since St. Thomas deepened the foundation of Aristotle's view of reality.

The departure from the Aristotelian and Thomistic doctrine of the ten categories of being appears rather minor. No category is Close, being denied. Critical Reviews? The only question is whether the ten categories are adequate to understand the being of reading and comparison man. With Heidegger, John Paul II questions the adequacy of the ten categories. There seems to thesis array be something about man which escapes the traditional list of ten limited ways of Close reading having being. Even if he were right about the need to enlarge the categories to accommodate consciousness, it would not constitute a significant alteration of the Thomistic doctrine of being. Throughout his pontificate, John Paul II gave no evidence of departing from the metaphysical view of reality of St. Thomas. In the 1994 work, Crossing the Threshold of Hope, he echoed his conviction, dating from the Angelicum talk of 1979, that the thought of St.

Thomas enjoys a universal character: St. Thomas celebrates all the richness and complexity of each created being, and especially of the human being. It is cfm ethesis_id, not good that his thought has been set aside in the postconciliar period; he continues, in fact, to Close be the paper, master of philosophical and theological universalism. 66. In his rather philosophical encyclical, Fides et Ratio, released October 15, 1998, he echoed his long-standing conviction that use of the phenomenological method may be a good way to begin philosophizing but it is no way to end it. From an Close reading and comparison analysis of essays were the mulvaneys experience, which is well suited to reveal the interiority of the human being, we must proceed to metaphysics, that is, an explanation of things understood precisely as beings. Close And Comparison? 67 Finally, at the end of his career, in Memory and Identity: Personal Reflections, he compared the metaphysical approach, specifically that of St. Thomas, with the phenomenological approach and essays on punk, related them in the same way he had done in the past. The metaphysical approach is the more basic and must be presupposed as if it were a foundation.

The phenomenological approach is useful for enriching our knowledge, yet it is clear its role is Close reading and comparison, subsidiary. Composed? Since this comes at the end of his career, it is worth repeating his words: If we wish to speak rationally about good and evil, we have to return to Saint Thomas Aquinas, that is, to the philosophy of and comparison being. With the phenomenological method, for example, we can study experiences of morality, religion or simply what it is to be human, and draw from them a significant enrichment of our knowledge. Yet we must not forget that all these analyses implicitly presuppose the reality of the Absolute Being and also the reality of being human, that is, of being a creature. Ca Display Cfm Ethesis_id 1140? If we do not set out from such 'realist' presuppositions, we end up in a vacuum.

68. When we use the phenomenological method, we are not clearly focusing on Close and comparison, beings as such but on experiences of essay few line mile william wordsworth beings, or on beings as experienced by us in one way or another. But such experience cannot and does not exist by itself in a vacuum or as if it were a substantial reality in its own right. And Comparison? It exists within the being who is having such experiences. And I cannot have experiences of things in the world about me without presupposing the reality of those beings in themselves. This is why he writes that such a method presupposes the reality of the things experienced and of the one experiencing.

And because any contingent reality presupposes a non-contingent reality, called an absolute reality, which upholds it in being, we are presupposing the reality of the Absolute Being, even though we must prove the need for such a being by an analysis of the cfm ethesis_id 1140, structure of contingent beings. If we turn from the words of John Paul II himself to Close reading and comparison what others thought of his philosophical outlook, we tend to find the same picture. Metaphysics is essential and phenomenology is supplemental. Metaphysics supplies the worldview and phenomenology supplies a method which can supplement that view. Even though she has been accused of watering down the Thomism of Cardinal Wojtyla in the English version of The Acting Person in composed essay few line wordsworth order to emphasize him as a phenomenologist, Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka acknowledged two ways in which Cardinal Wojtyla was not your typical phenomenologist. In her editorial introduction to the English version of The Acting Person she said that the author was tracing the inspiration of phenomenological intuition back through Brentano all the way to Aristotle. 69 In addition, the purely descriptive analysis of the given proper to a phenomenologist differs in and comparison Cardinal Wojtyla both because the given consists not of appearances but of on punk things in themselves and because such an analysis of the given is rejoined to an explanation of reading their causal-existential network. 70.

In his early biography of Pope John Paul II, Mieczyslaw Malinski draws attention both to the personal synthesis which characterizes the pope's thought, but also to its basically Thomistic character: In Wojtyla's philosophy one recognized echoes of Gabriel Marcel's Etre et avoir, Heidegger's Sein and Sendung, Jaspers and Max Scheler; but all these are integrated in terms of Thomist philosophy, not in an eclectic fashion but so as to form a highly personal outlook of critique of research his own. 71 The same point is expressed in a work regarding Pope John Paul II as a Christian personalist. In the conclusion to his 1980 work on the pope, Andrew Woznicki wrote: Reflecting on Wojtyla's anthropology, we can describe it as an existential personalism, which is reading, metaphysically explained and phenomenologically described. By consciously using these two philosophical disciplines, Wojtyla sheds a new light on man. He enriches St. Thomas Aquinas' classical philosophy of man by availing himself of the contemporary phenomenological method. 72. Stefan Swiezawski, an existential Thomist and older colleague of Bishop at the Catholic University at Lublin, held to antenna array the same interpretation. In 1987 he contributed an introductory essay to the collection of mainly philosophical essays by Pope John Paul II entitled Person and Community. In that essay Swiezawski argued as follows:

Personally, I believe Wojtyla was trying to disclose the basis in Close reading concrete lived experience for theoretical #151; and especially for metaphysical #151; ethical considerations, and he found the phenomenological method particularly suited to this end. His aim was not to replace metaphysics with phenomenology, but to supplement metaphysical refection with phenomenological description as a way of gaining access to the processes of knowing and acting. I do not believe Wojtyla ever rejected the primary and fundamental role of the realistic philosophy of being in anthropology and ethics, but he did see phenomenology as a useful tool for describing the experiential base, and he tended to view phenomenological language as more communicative than scholastic terminology. 73. In 1991 Kenneth Schmitz delivered the Michael J. McGivney Lectures at the John Paul II Institute for thesis array Studies on Marriage and Family. Two years later, his essays were printed in book form by the Catholic University of Close reading and comparison America Press.

In the ca display cfm ethesis_id 1140, book he said that the pope was neither forging a hybrid metaphysics nor coming up with a new metaphysics. What he was doing was allowing the two different methods of Close and comparison phenomenology and the metaphysics of being of Thomas to mutually fructify one another so as to come up with a new and integral account of personal reality as the latter is disclosed in human action. 74 Even though Schmitz emphasizes the importance of the insights gained by using the phenomenological method, yet the basic metaphysics of the person remains that of St. Thomas. Rocco Buttiglione's assessment of the balance between the Thomism and the phenomenology of John Paul II also sees the pope using phenomenology as a method by which to confirm the essays rock, ontology of the person stemming from St. Close? Thomas.

As did Schmitz, he emphasizes the importance of the insights gained from work on Scheler as a phenomenologist. And yet what we find in the main works of Wojtyla, according to Buttiglione, are attempts to philosophize from experience, with a phenomenological method and the light of St. Thomas Aquinas. 76 Jaroslaw Kupczak, in a work published in 2000, argues in much the same vein. Focusing on the two books, Love and Responsibility and The Acting Person, he writes: Wojtyla's method consists of two steps: phenomenological description and ca display cfm ethesis_id 1140, metaphysical synthesis.

Phenomenology is useful as a starting point for anthropology and ethics, Wojtyla holds, because of its ability to discover and describe many aspects of the human phenomenon which otherwise would be unknown to a metaphysician. As we saw, however, in The Acting Person's analyses . . . any phenomenological description is in need of a synthesis, since it considers the human person under many aspects. Such a synthesis can be obtained only through a metaphysical analysis which is able to describe the ultimate roots of all the phenomenological aspects of the human phenomenon. 77. The fact remains that consciousness had not been explored by the ancient and reading, medieval thinkers. Essays On Punk Rock? The question then arises, how do we include consciousness within the Thomistic analysis of human nature? John Paul II thought we could do so only if we expanded the Close reading, traditional list of ten categories of array being. The reason was simply because he could not explain consciousness in terms of the Close, category of acting as he understood it. Does this amending of the ten categories make Karol Wojtyla a non-Thomist?

Certainly not, especially if we continue to think of Thomas himself as an Aristotelian and St. Augustine as a Platonist, despite the of research paper, differences between these two pairs of men. While some may disagree, then, it seems fairly evident, both from an analysis of his own writings and from the evaluations of others, that the philosophical view of reality of Pope John Paul II was firmly rooted in Close and comparison the metaphysics of St. Thomas Aquinas. He acquired the rudiments of on punk rock it in the underground seminary, deepened it over the years, due at Close first to his studies at the Angelicum, and then from interaction with his colleagues, especially Swiezawski, at the Catholic University of Lublin, and then reaffirmed it and of research paper, held fast to it during his time as the vicar of Christ on earth. He was always a voracious reader and open to truth wherever he found it. After his acquaintance with the Close reading, phenomenology of Max Scheler and his discovery of the usefulness of phenomenology's focus on intuition and description to carefully explore the contents of our experience, he began to use it increasingly as a method to try to uncover the whole truth about man. Even though the intuitive and descriptive approach of essays phenomenology remained subordinate to Close reading and comparison the method of reasoning to the source of the being of thinking reviews things proper to metaphysics, yet he thought that there was something about man, namely consciousness, which had been uncovered by the modern approach, despite its often erroneous views of the nature of and comparison man and of reality.

The consciousness of man had been neglected by the traditional metaphysical approach. Because intuition and description and a focus on the interior life of critical thinking homeschool reviews man had consistently been a part of the method of many traditional thinkers, the phenomenological method as a method was not radically new. Hence consciousness could have been explored more deeply by the traditional thinkers than it was. There is no serious problem, then, with including insights about human consciousness into the traditional Aristotelian and Thomistic view of man. Cf. Mieczyslaw Malinski, Pope John Paul II: The Life of Karol Wojtyla (New York: Seabury Press, 1979), 159; George Huntston Williams, The Mind of John Paul II: Origins of His Thought and Action (New York: Seabury Press, 1981), 86-87. Cf. Williams, 94-103, and Pope John Paul II, Method and Close reading and comparison, Doctrine of St. Thomas in Dialogue with Modern Culture, in James V. Schall, S.J., ed., The Whole Truth About Man: John Paul II to University Faculties and Students (Boston, MA: St. Paul Editions, 1981), 262-280, at 277.

Adam Boniecki, MIC, The Making of the Pope of the Millenium: Kalendarium of the Life of Karol Wojtyla (Stockbridge, MA:Marian Press, 2000), 123. George Weigel, Witness to Hope: the Biography of Pope John Paul II (New York: Cliff Street Books, 1999), 130-131. Karol Wojtyla, The Problem of the Will in the Analysis of the Ethical Act, in Karol Wojtyla, Person and Community: Selected Essays, trans. Theresa Sandok, OSM (New York: Peter Lang, 1993), 3-21, at 20 (Person and Community will hereafter be abbreviated PC). Wojtyla, In Search of the Basis of Perfectionism in Ethics, PC, 45-55, at 55.

Wojtyla, On the Metaphysical and reviews, Phenomenological Basis of the Moral Norm in the Philosophy of Thomas Aquinas and reading and comparison, Max Scheler, PC, 73-93, at 93. Wojtyla, Love and Responsibility, trans. H. T Willetts (London: Collins, 1981), 168. Wojtyla, Thomistic Personalism, PC, 165-175, at 170. Wojtyla, The Problem of Catholic Sexual Ethics, PC, 279-299 at 280. Ibid., and ca display cfm ethesis_id, see On the Metaphysical and Phenomenological Basis of the Moral Norm in the Philosophy of Thomas Aquinas and Max Scheler, PC, 77-79. Wojtyla, Ethics and Moral Theology, PC, 101-106, at 103. Wojtyla, The Acting Person, ed. by Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, trans. by Andrzej Potocki (Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1979), 70. Hereafter The Acting Person will be AP. Wojtyla, The Human Person and Natural Law, PC, 181-185, 181-182.

See also 184-5. Wojtyla, The Personal Structure of Self-Determination, PC, 187-195, at 191. Wojtyla, Subjectivity and the Irreducible in the Human Being, PC, 209-217, at 210. Wojtyla, The Person: Subject and Community, PC, 219-261, 226. Wojtyla, Perennial Philosophy of St. Close And Comparison? Thomas for the Youth of thesis Our Times, in Schall, 209-227, at 218. Wojtyla, Crossing the Threshold of Hope, ed.

Vittorio Messori (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1994), 31. Wojtyla, Fides et Ratio (Boston: Pauline Books and Media, 1998), section 83, 105. John Paul II, Memory and Identity: Personal Reflections (London: Weidenfeld Nicolson, 2005), 13. Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, Editorial Introduction, in Wojtyla, AP, xx. Andrew Woznicki, A Christian Humanism: Karol Wojtyla's Existential Personalism (New Britain, Ct.: Mariel Publications, 1980), 59.

Stefan Swiezawski, Karol Wojtyla at the Catholic University of Lublin, in PC, ix-xvi, at xiv.

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Analytical Essay on the Renaissance Art Movment. Close Reading? Length: 1305 words (3.7 double-spaced pages) During the Renaissance artists changed the way they painted and sculpted, they learned how to paint in critical thinking reviews, all three dimensions, which brought life and reading realism to their works. Also, getting away from the religious roots of art created an essays, entirely new type of art that was rich in drama and emotion. This was also the time period when painting with oils was started. In this paper I'm focusing mainly on Renaissance art work, since that was the reading assignment, but I feel it's important to cfm ethesis_id 1140 also mention the other important parts of the Renaissance, architecture, science, politics and religion. In architecture buildings were made bigger and grander than ever before, this was because of new rules were created pertaining to proportion and perspective. Close And Comparison? Temples dedicated to wealth (often disguised as something else ) popped up all over Florence and the rest of the world, because of the return of on microstrip antenna, antiquity and referring back to the classics of the Greek and Roman past. In science people started to Close reading question the church and of research paper its power?this may have been because the church's indulgence policy was so far out of line; as a result to this curiosity people started to study the natural world, discovering the secrets of the universe. Leonardo da Vinci was a huge part of the advancement in Science, with his inventions and reading theories.

This was also the time period that Galileo discovered that the Earth revolved around the sun?much to the dismay of the antenna church. Close Reading? In politics more and more people were getting educated; being out essay, of the and comparison churches clutches allowed more of the middle class to gain riches and education. Also, ancient works that hadn't been read for more than a thousand years were poured over, causing much debate from those who read them. The invention of the printing press allowed new ideas to critique of research paper be filtered through Europe at a quicker pace, allowing philosophers and Close reading and comparison writers to share their opinions with the general public. Analytical Essay on critique of research paper the Renaissance Art Movment. 123HelpMe.com . 02 Oct 2017. Religion was going through a though stage at this point in time, the corruption of the Church and their officials had caught up with them, causing a lot of people to be feed up with the Church, this also started the exploration into and comparison, different religions, including Protestant, which lead to the thirty years war. Also using the paper printing press, Martin Luther became the first person to reading publish his theories worldwide, in doing this he started a revolution in faith and forever divided the religion.

While in Europe we learned a lot about the Renaissance, the art created during that time period, the few line mile rulers, and the scientific advancements that occurred at this time, we didn't learn a lot about why it started though. We learned that people started to question the churches indulgence's and their absolute control, I thought the that term rebirth was referring to the rebirth of people's faith, and the exploration into Protestant beliefs. However, when I came home I did some of my own research and discovered that the rebirth was really about going back to the Greek's and Roman's, looking at their philosophies and way of life. I also learned that some pretty interesting people played a big part in this movement. Although the Renaissance doesn't have a specific starting point or place, it's said to have started in Florence, Italy. Reading? There are many arguments as to why the essay few line mile william wordsworth Renaissance started, and why it started when it did; unfortunately, these arguments are just that, arguments.

Each explanation has a rebuttal, leaving each person to come up with their own theory?which oddly enough, fits into the theme of this time period. Some of the basic arguments as to why the Renaissance started, especially in Florence, include: 1. And Comparison? The Medici started it, with the critique of research portrait and solo sculpture emergence?but this doesn't fit in with history. The Renaissance started between 1410 and 1420, the Medici came into power after this time. 2. Donatello and Michelangelo, among others were simply geniuses?it's hard to believe that these men just came to reading and comparison this enlightenment there had to have been a certain series of 1140, events that lead to their enlightenment. Close? The person that I really think started the critique paper Renaissance is Petrarch, he was part of the reading and comparison humanist movement and he thought that man had accomplished the most during the Roman Empire, and the time since then had been a period of social rot he called this period the essays rock Dark Ages. Petrarch thought man needed to Close reading look to ca display cfm ethesis_id 1140 history?not religion?to advance as a society, literarily, and in art.

To him rebirth meant looking to and comparison the Roman's and critical thinking homeschool reviews Greek's, this method lead to advancements in art and science as well as other areas. Close Reading? The first major work of Renaissance sculpture was from Donatello's chisel, is the bronze David, which is still located in Florence, Italy. When it was created it was the first free-standing nude statue since ancient times, a huge step away from religious works. Donatello's work always had a classical influence to them, but this was a huge step forward for the artistic movement. I also find it interesting that one of the most famous sculptures from the Renaissance was Michelangelo's David, and he also played such a large in the Renaissance. Other key artist in the Renaissance included: Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Botticelli, and Michelangelo. While Leonardo da Vinci is really well known for his paintings during this time period, including The Last Supper and essays rock the Mona Lisa, he was also know as the Renaissance man. This title refers to his many inventions that helped advance modern technology (although few were actually made during his lifetime), his studies in anatomy, astronomy, and civil engineering. Da Vinci is an interesting character, it seems he was a genius, many of his ideas and discoveries were way ahead of his time, but it seems (at least to me) that he lacked the ambition to complete many of his projects.

Da Vinci started painting when he was fourteen years old, and continued painting and creating throughout his life, yet there are very few completed works of reading, Leonardo da Vinci. Raphael's part in the Renaissance is completely different from the other artists involved. Raphael was a master painter and architect of the Italian High Renaissance, a school in Florentine. Raphael was considered a master painter at the age of seventeen and used his knack for perfection and softness to teach other impressionable artists the beauty in Renaissance art work. Homeschool? Botticelli is also an interesting character, as a student in Florentine during the Renaissance he created many great works including The Birth of Close, Venus, which was a painting that expressed the new pagan view of antiquity. He was also very religious, he even burned some of his own paintings that expressed pagan ideas, but he found a why to few line wordsworth resolve the conflict between his beliefs and his painting. Botticelli painted in the neoplatonism style, a joining of pagan and Christian themes in Close, painting.

Although Botticelli doesn't appear to have been a big part of the Renaissance, he was. He didn't follow the exact ideals behind the Renaissance, but he followed the mind set that there are different ways to do things, you just have to discover how and what these ways are.

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essay on poetry © 2017 Steve Campsall. improve your poetry grades! Download Free English biz Guides. If you find poetry difficult then you're not alone. For many people, it's the most difficult aspect of the Close reading, English course.

But. fear not as help and a higher grade are within reach. Read on! Find time to give the English biz guide to essay writing a look over critical, as it's been written to work alongside this one - click here to and comparison read this later . If you need help with a specific poet or poem, click here or on a link below. If you're truly stuck you can also email the teacher at English biz - you'll find a link on the first page of the thesis on microstrip antenna, site, here . What really must be covered in your coursework and exam answers? At the core of Close reading and comparison, any and every answer or essay about poetry must be your own interpretation of the on we were the mulvaneys, poem or poems you are writing about. It is reading and comparison this alone that attracts the majority of marks. In a nutshell, the more subtly you interpret a poem - and cfm ethesis_id 1140, give support for reading and comparison your interpretation - the higher your marks, and grade, will be. Poems are rarely to be taken at face value. Ca Display! It is never the literal meanings that will gain you any marks - it is exposing and discussing the poem's 'deeper meanings' that bring in Close and comparison, the marks every time. When you interpret a poem, you seek to explain what you believe these 'hidden meanings' are, show how they have been created and discuss why this was done. Essays On Punk Rock! Remember: the meanings you seek exist 'between the lines'.

It is the poet's use of literary language that creates these layers of meaning . Close! Poems, more than any other literary form, are dense with meanings created by this type of language. Homeschool! This is because poets have so little space in Close and comparison, which to condense as much meaning as possible. This is what makes understanding a poem sometimes very difficult - and reviews, yet also, often, fascinating. Let's get one thing clear: interpretation never deals in Close reading and comparison, facts . An interpretation is always an opinion - an insight into what the poem might mean. This is why examiners are never happy with students who do no more than trot out the opinions of others, those of their teacher or what they've found in a study guide, for example (examiners do read study guides, btw!). Thesis! Examiners will always give the most marks to a student's original ideas - so long as they are valid and are supported by close and careful reference to the poem itself. Whilst it is your own ideas that are needed, it is invariably easier to uncover the layers of meaning in a poem by discussing it with others . Somehow an interaction of minds brings about clearer meaning and a moment when the penny drops. This does not mean you should copy others' ideas but do use such a discussion to Close and comparison develop your own interpretations. You might be one of the many who feel discussing poetry is not cool. On Punk Rock! Well, keep in mind that it's your grades that are at stake . The exam is not a practice and you need to get the highest grade you can.

So, what to reading and comparison do? For once, ignore being 'uncool' and get boosting those exam grades. Many students lose marks by going off at a tangent and misreading their poem. How can you avoid this and know that your interpretation is on the right lines? Here's a very worthwhile tip. How does all this work in practice? Below is an critical reviews example to help show you. It is Close reading based on a just a couple of lines from the opening of the poem 'Half Caste' by John Agard, a very witty poem that many of essays on punk, you will know. Don't be put off if you don't know it, you'll be able to reading apply exactly the same ideas to rock any poem you are studying. You will see from this just how much can be 'squeezed' from reading only two lines of a poem. This is a key thing for you to appreciate.

'Excuse me standing on critical homeschool reviews, one leg I’m half-caste. Explain yuself wha yu mean when yu say half-caste. ' Agard opens his poem by creating an obvious contrast between the reading and comparison, standard English of the essays on we the mulvaneys, opening line of the and comparison, poem and 1140, the Caribbean dialect of the second. This creates a clear contrast which works to alert the reader to the fact that while both kinds of English create perfectly obvious meaning, only one kind is considered to be prestigious and 'proper' within educated circles. Ironically, it is the dialect line that creates the more expressive meaning. In this way, Agard manages to open his poem and and comparison, introduce a key theme. He wants the reader both to consider and reflect upon critique paper, what is thought of as acceptable and what is looked down upon in British society. He shows us that 'half-caste' language is actually very good language and language that is capable of Close, communicating its message well. Poetry has, as has been said above, been called the art of 'saying the unsayable'. Undoubtedly some poems can seem to create meanings and cfm ethesis_id, emotions that seem well beyond the words on Close and comparison, the page. Language can be a very mysterious and wonderful thing!

Hopefully, you will come to enjoy at least some of the poems you study at school but, to be realistic, some poems will, initially at least, appear worryingly difficult. One of the difficulties with a poem is connected with its form - generally speaking, poems are short and this means that poets look for ways to on punk rock squeeze the maximum meaning and Close reading and comparison, feeling into them. Critique Paper! Poems are often dense with meaning and unlocking these multi-layered meanings requires patience and skill. But it can be very satisfying - a poem can be like a riddle, fun to crack! This english biz guide will help you 'unpick' a poem and enable you to Close reading work out thinking just what the Close reading and comparison, poet is trying to say, how the poem is 'working' and why this is mile william being done - the Close reading, poet's purpose . Oh, and finally, you'll find out what gains most marks - as well as how you can get them! Click here to read a poem that many people feel has magical qualities; and here is another! Of course, individuals react differently to ca display cfm ethesis_id such poems but many students seem to enjoy these two poems.

Appreciating the subtleties of a complex poem in classroom conditions is far from ideal. This means that it will be necessary to find a quiet place and time at home with mobile phone, MP3 player and Close, TV all switched off when you can re-read your poems. Even better, find a friend to read and discuss the poem with - two heads are far better than one when it comes to composed essay mile understanding a complex poem. An odd but useful thing about a poem is that if you leave a day between reading it, some of the poem's extra layers of meaning seem to become more apparent when you read the poem again. And Comparison! It's as if the brain has subconsciously 'worked' on the poem in between readings. Reading for Meaning. Quite a useful thing to do when you first begin your work on analysing a poem is to. Thinking Homeschool Reviews! forget it's a poem!

Odd as this sounds, your first task is not to dig for Close hidden meanings but to essays on we be sure you've understood the Close and comparison, poem's 'story' - that is, what it is generally all about. Critique! This can be called the and comparison, poem's ' big picture '. Thesis Array! It's true that in your essay that this will be one of and comparison, things to which you will be devoting precious little space BUT you simply cannot proceed without it. So, when you first read any poem, first of all, read it for meaning . These questions will get you on your way: Make a note of who is doing the speaking in homeschool reviews, the poem - what kind of person and in Close reading, what kind of state or mood? By the way, never assume it's the on we were the mulvaneys, poet: instead, think of it as an imagined poetic persona . Reading And Comparison! Poets often like to explore all kinds of aspects of life in their work and critical thinking homeschool reviews, this can mean that they try to write from different viewpoints, for example an older male poet can write as a young boy, or even girl! Now work out who is being spoken to or addressed? (Yes - it could be you, the poem's reader, or it might be an reading imaginary person. Often, you a poem can seem to be spoken thoughts such as in a monologue , or it could be one half of an imaginary conversation. Think about just what is being spoken about? (What is the subject matter being discussed?).

Now - and this is crucial to a good understanding - work out of research paper exactly what tone of voice or manner of the speaking voice? (Is the reading, speaker sounding worried, reflective, nostalgic, mournful, happy, concerned, angry, for example?). Importantly, does the william, tone of voice change during the poem? Make a note of and comparison, where this occurs. Finally, where do the events of the poem happen and what is the situation surrounding them ? When you read your poem, simply read it as a group of sentences, forgetting the fact that these sentences have been split into lines . At the end of each sentence (i.e. stop reading at each full stop or, maybe, at each semicolon - ; ), work out what the meaning is so far. Spend time thinking about this and on punk rock, perhaps note the idea down on the poem itself at the side of that part of the poem (this is called annotating the text). This is often the Close reading, easiest and surest way to find out thesis on microstrip antenna array what the poet is trying to say. You can consider the effects of and comparison, other poetic devices the poet has used, such as the way the lines cut up the sentences, the use of rhythm and rhyme , alliteration and so on later. Of course, this doesn't always work - some poems are, let's face it, especially difficult to understand! They might even lack any punctuation so have no apparent sentences. If you find this to essays on we the mulvaneys be the case, try searching for a study guide to your poem by Close and comparison, clicking here or here - or, of course, ask your teacher or a friend for help.

If you are still struggling to get to grips with your poem, read it a few more times and, this is the important bit! - leave time between readings (of course, in an exam, this is not possible). A useful tip : Most people race through poems using a dull voice. Try reading your poems quite S-L-O-W-L-Y . Even better (in fact, far better!) is to read the poem aloud ? Oh yes, you really should! Find a quiet place, or read with a friend. Put embarrassment to one side for the sake of a higher grade! Reading aloud is a very effective way of thesis on microstrip antenna array, getting 'beneath' the poem's surface and finding its more subtle meanings. But what you have to do is Close reading and comparison avoid a mouse-like monotone and instead try to achieve the voice the ca display cfm ethesis_id 1140, writer of the poem intended (and this won't be mouse like!!).

Click here to Close reading listen to a clip of the thesis on microstrip array, GCSE poet John Agard reading a part of his poem, 'Half Caste'. You'll see from this just how much more a dramatic reading of some poems can reveal. Always avoid reading the poem in an overly stylised way , i.e. in a non-conversational voice! Modern poems, especially, are often best read in a normal speaking voice - but it will be a voice with a distinct quality . Do always try to Close reading capture this distinctiveness. Shakespeare had a strong Stratford accent apparently - why, then, do we pretend he didn't when we read his plays? The poem's images will, for sure, be there and the poet has created them to guide you towards a fuller understanding of the poem's content and messages . Try hard not to be overly ingenious as this leads you finding meanings that are not there . This is a classic problem with even the brightest students when reading poems. Meanings are never 'hidden' - they are always 'there' - maybe 'under the surface', but always 'there'. And they are always consistent with the whole poem. A poem's deeper meaning might not always be easy to the mulvaneys get hold of, but it will be there to reading and comparison find - and thesis on microstrip, - very helpfully and importantly - it will be coherent . Coherence is an and comparison important quality of all literature, poems included. It means that the critique paper, meanings in the poem will all be developed and reinforced logically as the poem progresses . The first line always contributes to the overall meaning, as do all other lines.

If you do think you've found a meaning in a poem and it does not contribute in some obvious way to the overall meaning of the reading and comparison, whole poem , you are almost certainly off track and misreading the ca display cfm ethesis_id 1140, poem: a classic way to lose marks! Click here to listen to John Agard reading a part of his poem, Half-Caste . Notice the Close reading and comparison, slow and essays on we were the mulvaneys, emphatic nature of reading and comparison, his voice. If you take a leaf from his book and read your poems slowly and dramatically you will obtain far more meaning from composed essay few line mile william your poems - and gain higher grades ! Writing your essay. Writing an and comparison essay about a poem needs the same skills that apply to composed essay few line william all essay writing. The english biz essay writing guide is full of ideas that will help gain you a higher grade - be sure to read this - click here . As with all essays, you cannot hope to Close reading and comparison do well unless you know your text well . Only then will you be able to develop a sufficiently strong viewpoint from which to paper create the necessary argument that forms the basis of the best essays. The best essays are written as if they were an argument - again, the Englishbiz guide has much more on this. What is your teacher or examiner actually looking for in your essays? You need to show that you have understood not just the reading, poem's 'surface' meaning - try to ca display show knowledge of its layers of meaning and its more subtle messages . You need to show you have understood how the poet has used language and poetic devices to help create and 'shape' create subtle underlying messages . You need to show you have recognised how meaning is developed across the whole poem - as each idea is explored and builds up into a coherent whole. How to do this to gain high marks. Read the Close reading, essay question or title very carefully . You just wouldn't believe how many students answer a different answer to the one asked. Yes - they do, every year!

If you are revising for an exam, ask your teacher to show you some past exam questions . There is no better way to familiarise yourself with what is required in the exam and your teacher will be happy to mark any questions you try. Some exam boards now post downloadable past exam papers on their web sites . Highlight the key words of the essay question and be sure you address each of essay, these in your answer - marks will be lost if you don't! In an exam question, there will usually be bullet points to guide your response - you MUST cover the points these mention as the exam marker gives marks based on these . If it is not clear in the essay question, decide which poem(s) will help you answer it. Work out and comparison exactly what is required of you. Discussing the poet's life and times, i.e. On Punk! their context , rarely gains marks. It is reading and comparison often better to on we were get on with your analysis of the poem(s) straight away. Be aware of any significant changes in emphasis and the tone of Close reading and comparison, voice as the on punk, story, ideas or images of the poem unfolds. Work out how and why these tones and changes in tone have been made to and comparison occur through particular choices of language or form . This is important as it will allow you to comment on essays the mulvaneys, the structure of the poem and this gains many marks.

Be especially alert to the use of an ironic tone of reading and comparison, voice. Irony is an important and frequent poetic device used by poets. Irony is an effective means of homeschool, engaging the reader. Irony subtly shapes meaning and develops layers of meaning within the poem. As well as irony , poets frequently rely on the use of and comparison, what is called ' figurative' language . It's very important to notice where figurative language is used, the effect it creates and the purpose intended. Figurative language creates 'figures' or images in the mind's eye. It is the use of description , metaphor , simile or personification . This common poetic device helps the poet to composed mile william wordsworth create and shape meaning. It also works to develop an emotional response in you, the reader. Figurative language works so well because it creates images in reading and comparison, the mind - and as the old saying goes, 'a picture is worth a thousand words. '. Look at these opening lines and see how the images are created and begin to work:

I’ve known rivers: I’ve known rivers ancient as the world and older than the. flow of human blood in human veins. My soul has grown deep like the rivers. from 'The Negro Sings of Rivers' by Langston Hughes. Read your poem through a sufficient number of times for you to 1140 feel sure you have grasped its big picture . Finally, with the essay question firmly in Close reading and comparison, mind , work out your response to it. This is your own point of view on which you will base your essay. An important way you can unlock subtle meanings in of research, any text, but especially in a poem, is to look for the effects of reading and comparison, binary oppositions . Click on the hyperlink if this idea intrigues you. It is a guaranteed 'mark grabber' as it allows a very subtle response indeed to a poem (or any text). If you can discuss a text at the level of its binary oppositions , you will have at your disposal a sophisticated way of analysing the subtle levels of meaning created in poetry - but this method is sophisticated and requires very careful thought. FOR A FULL GUIDE TO THIS FASCINATING ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE - CLICK HERE.

Some more ways to unlock the meaning of a poem. There is thesis antenna array a key aspect to every poem you need to consider - the one aspect that separates all poems from reading and comparison any other kind of critical homeschool, writing: its form . You need to work out why the poet wrote it in lines! Writing in lines means the poem is composed in verse . Notice where the reading and comparison, poet sliced up each sentence into shorter lines (and sometimes even across the essays on punk rock, stanzas of the poem). Does it allow a special degree of emphasis to be placed on parts of the sentence that might have been lost if it was not 'sliced' up into lines - i.e. if it had been written as a piece of continuous prose ? See if you can work out how the poet's use form helps to emphasise certain words or ideas as these often act subtly to Close reading and comparison shape meaning . Remember that only poetry allows this 'playfulness' with form . Poets truly enjoy playing with the on punk rock, form of poetry - after all, that's why they like writing poetry! As well as choosing where to end a line or a verse (i.e. Reading And Comparison! properly called a stanza ), or whether to essay use rhythm or rhyme , there are many other ways in which a poet can play around with the form of language to add to the meaning: Some lines might seem to end quite abruptly - even without using a full stop. This can be used to create subtle effects. For example, an end-stopped line can lead to a useful pause occurring before you read on thus creating emphasis (see the technical term caesura below).

Some lines might 'run on' into the next line or even the next stanza. Poets also sometimes create the effect of an extended pause between words, phrases or lines - again with or without using punctuation to achieve this effect. This enforced mini-pause is called a caesura . This is a subtle effect that leads to an emphasis or a pause for thought being created. Some I mportant 'Poetic Devices' Alliteration is the Close reading, repeating of initial sounds as in William Blake's poem The Tyger: ' T yger! T yger! B urning b right!'. This often creates emphasis and, like the essays on we the mulvaneys, use of rhythm and Close reading, rhyme , makes words memorable. It can also help to create a different tone - depending on which consonants are alliterated.

Alliteration using consonants such as 's' or 'f' will create a softer tone of voice. Alliteration created using harsher consonants such as 'b' or 'd' can create a harsh even angry tone. Always try to work out the tone of voice within your poem and note how and where this changes . A ssonance is the thesis on microstrip antenna array, term used for the repetition of vowel sounds within consecutive words as in, 'rags of gr ee n w ee d hung down. Reading And Comparison! '. Vowel sounds are always softer sounding and can add to essays were the quality of the tone of voice within the poem, perhaps creating a sense of softness of mood or romance . A combination of soft consonants and long vowels can create a particularly gentle tone. Rhyme is when the final sounds of words are the same and are repeated either within a line (this is called internal rhyme , as in and comparison, 'I bring fresh showers for the thirsting flowers ') or at the end of two lines (this is called end rhyme ). Work our the effect rhyme creates. Does it make the poem more memorable? Does it add to the 'feel', the composed essay few line wordsworth, meaning or the tone in a useful way? Does it create a happy sense that 'all is well with the and comparison, world'? Often 'sound effects' created by using the form of words help to suggest a particular tone of voice . For example, repeated hard consonants called 'plosive consonants' (b, p, c, k, d, etc.) can suggest harshness or anger, whereas soft consonants (sh, ch, s, f, m, etc.) or 'long' internal vowels (e.g. the s oo n the sh ow ers of au tumn') can suggest a calm or romantic quality.

Rhyme can also suggest or add a sense of control or harmony as if 'all is well with the world', whereas half-rhyme (e.g. Ca Display! moan/mourn, years/yours) can suggest a wish for harmony or the presence of discord . Repetition of reading, important words and phrases can help shape meaning because it adds emphasis . Are the stanzas (i.e. Critique Paper! what many students wrongly call 'verses') regular in line length, size and shape with a repeating, regular rhythm? This is typical of older more traditional British poetry and hints at that sense of 'control' and 'harmony' that seemed to exist in reading and comparison, earlier days before the great loss of religious faith or questioning of values of essays on we were, today. Poems with irregular line lengths and no obvious rhythm or rhyme look and Close reading, sound very different from traditional poetry. These poems are called free verse or, technically, 'vers libre' and thesis antenna array, can be a way of suggesting lack of control or lack of harmony . Look at the way the structure or sequence of ideas builds up in the poem (perhaps through a sequence of images ); make a note of the effect of this sequencing of Close, ideas or images and how it adds to the overall effect and critique, meaning of the poem. Finally, notice if any particular words and Close and comparison, phrases stand out in antenna, a particularly poetic way. These words and phrases deserve extra thought as they probably contain layers of meaning or create imagery and ideas.

Maybe the words are ironic or metaphorical? Perhaps they create a vivid image , for example. These effects act to reading and comparison draw you deeper into the world of the ca display 1140, poem by engaging your attention - a sure sign that the poem is 'working' on you! In your mind, 'become' the poet and ask yourself these revealing questions: 1. What is 'your' poem about generally (e.g. 'war') and in particular (e.g. 'the horror of Close reading and comparison, fighting in trench warfare'). For example, were you trying to help your reader to understand some aspect of society or human life more clearly? What was your intention or purpose? 3. What motivated you to write about array such a subject? Were you affected by your circumstances : the beliefs, values and attitudes you hold to compared to the general beliefs, attitudes and values of Close, your society or its leaders (i.e. your society's dominant ideologies )? 4. Were there any literary traditions or fashions that affected the style in which you wrote? Why was this?

You will frequently be asked to write about on punk rock more than one poem and Close reading and comparison, this does add an extra layer of on punk rock, difficulty. However, if you are writing an argument essay , the difficulty is lessened dramatically because you are using the poems to support your own argument rather than writing directly about the poems themselves. Aspects of each poem will, therefore, naturally find their way into Close and comparison your essay as you write in ca display, support of the various points you are making to Close reading and comparison support your argument. It is, therefore, always best to compare and thesis antenna array, contrast the ideas each poet explores as you proceed - and Close and comparison, this is best done as providing support for your own argument. In each paragraph you write, you should aim to paper discuss a comparable or contrasting aspect chosen from each poem (and, as before, you must use the 'point-quotation-comment' method) that helps develop a point that supports your overall argument as stated in your opening paragraph.

If you find this difficult (and it can be - especially under examination conditions), the Close reading, alternative is to write an 'exploring essay'. In this kind of essay, you analyse and write about your first poem fully before moving on to your second poem, then, as you write about the second poem, you must take the chance frequently to refer back to the first poem when you find a suitable point of comparison or contrast. N ever forget to compare and contrast! This is thesis array a part of the mark scheme in this type of question. FIVE TOP TIPS FOR SUCCESS. 1. Know your poems well.

2. Analyse closely analysis and develop subtle insights. Only a close analysis of the poem will allow you to develop subtle insights into the poet's reasons and methods. It is the consistency, clarity, depth and subtlety of your analysis and insights that will gain the highest marks. 3. Use the P.E.E. Close Reading And Comparison! method of analysis. 4. Never look for and find what isn't there ! Poems can be difficult so when you are thinking about the deeper levels of a poem's meaning, it is essays on we all too easy to be overly ingenious . Do not find meanings that are not really there. If a particular meaning exists within a part of a poem, it will be consistent with (i.e. help out the meaning of. ) the whole poem - it will never just apply to a single line or phrase. If you think a line of poetry means something, make sure this fits in with what you think the poet is trying to Close and comparison say in the whole poem. A more obvious meaning is far more likely than a very obscure meaning. Always make sure that the words of rock, your poem clearly support whatever points you want to make about it.

Never be afraid to use a lively style when you write; in fact, whilst remembering always to reading avoid slang and to use standard English , try hard to ca display make your essay sound as individual and interesting as you are! Avoid stuffiness and Close and comparison, over-formality like the plague.

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How to reading and comparison score that perfect 6.0 on GMAT AWA Essay. This guide is meant for ca display essay-phobes who dread the and comparison blank screen with the blinking cursor and/or people who simply want to score well (or full) on the GMAT. As far as my qualifications are concerned, I recently gave the essays GMAT and with good confidence scored a full 6 on my GMAT AWA, despite being an essay-phobe myself. To get started, you should read Chineseburned’s article on Close reading and comparison AWA Writing here -http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html. The idea of his article is to form a “template” and it suggests some supporting words for you to composed essay william use while writing your essay.

This idea forms the meat of my strategy, and there’s no point in me reproducing the material in this already well-known reference article. Also, note that the Issue essay has been discontinued much to my relief, and this guide will focus exclusively on the Argument essay. I actually waited a whole year so I could give the Next-Gen GMAT rather than the old GMAT with 2 essays, and I must say this “pathetic” strategy paid off – 780 + 6 AWA + 8 IR on my first attempt. Reading. I do believe the reviews Quant and Verbal scores would have been negatively affected due to the energy drain caused by the 2 essays. I’m only going to reading build on the tips given by critical thinking homeschool Chineseburned, add some more tips and make it EASIER for you to follow. Now that you’ve read the Close and comparison article, it’s time to jump into some more tricks: Three things to remember: 1) Remember that the ca display argument essay is more science than art.

You need to use connecting words to “build up” your argument. (“Moreover”, “for example”, “to illustrate”, …; do not use “etc…” unless absolutely necessary, it looks like an open ending – make your argument sound robust and confident) People suggest writing about 500 words per essay – the reason being unless you’re a good writer, it’s difficult to convey what you want to say minimally. Take a look at the score 6 essay in reading and comparison, the Official Guide – can you pull off an essay like that? If yes, you don’t need this guide – I should be taking tips from you. If you can’t, read on. A good 500+ word essay usually shows that you can whip up ideas and essays rock write atleast well about your ideas in the 30 mins. It’s also useful to remember that the and comparison GMAT asks for a “draft” version, not a very awesome finalized essay.

So, a bit of structure, good grammar and 3 argument loopholes (2 or 4 is fine, but 3 is a good number to stick to) are all the essay few line mile william wordsworth things that you need to write your essay. 2) It’s also useful to keep in mind that one of your raters is an algorithmic e-rater. You can test yourself against the official e-rater by reading and comparison buying the “GMAT Write” pack from mba.com. I did do this because I wasn’t feeling too sure about 1140 my scores, and I feel more confident if I know what to expect beforehand. I do suggest you do the same, because it’s one thing to write an and comparison, essay and another to see your actual score. The thing here is – good structure and grammar with connecting words in homeschool, a 500+ word essay is reading and comparison almost guaranteed to give you a 6 – it’s how the e-rater seems to be programmed. On top of that, from ca display, what I’ve read, the human graders seem to Close be so overburdened with essays to check that they too follow an “algorithm” almost the same as the e-rater; a longer essay is sure to score better than a shorter one. 3) Don’t worry about making too much sense in the essay. The e-rater can’t validate your facts and figures – it can only read structure. On Microstrip Antenna Array. And the reader cannot verify any of them either – trust me, he doesn’t have the Close reading and comparison time or the inclination nor is he supposed to do so. Critical Thinking Homeschool Reviews. All they need is structure, grammar and Close a well substantiated argument.

Feel free to conjure examples out of thin air so long as they substantiate your argument. As I’ll explain later, the examples form the bulk of the essay. What does this mean for you? Aim for homeschool reviews 500+ words – and I’m going to show you exactly how to do that. How to write a 500 word essay in 30 mins?

After writing my first 2 essays, I realized I was finding it difficult to vomit 500+ pretty words in 30 mins – I needed a shortcut. This section is organized in chronological order from Close reading, a time management perspective. On Punk Rock. My time breakup was very simple – 1. Close Reading. Type out your template with full introduction and conclusion. Yes, I cheated. I had a 100+ word intro-conc template ready to vomit without even reading the question! And now I have conclusive proof that this strategy works! That should take approximately 3-4 minutes to type. Voila! No more blank screen ?, plus you’re free to attack the question and who cares if you even forget the template at this point?

Here’s my template: (MS Word word count: 126) “The argument that omits some very important considerations that are necessary to get a full 360-degree view of the described scenario. The argument does not provide substantive evidence to be able to prove or even support the main conclusion from the given premises. First, the argument readily assumes that… Second, the argument claims that… Lastly, the on we were the mulvaneys argument fails to account for the fact that… In summary, the argument is extremely flawed because of the above-mentioned reasons and hence comes across as weak and unconvincing to Close reading and comparison the reader. On Microstrip Antenna. If the author had mentioned all the relevant facts that are essential to objectively assess the situation under consideration, the argument would have been much stronger. Without this information, the argument remains unsubstantiated and open to debate.” I must mention that this was close to what I wrote on some of my first practice essays, which helped me memorize it easily.

Whatever template you use, just remember to restate the argument in the introduction and keep the other parts independent of the actual argument. Don’t fill in the part till the Close and comparison next step. Just mark it with a “” or whatever and come back to it after reading the question. 2. Now that you’ve typed out ca display cfm ethesis_id your template, take 3-4 mins to read the question and Close JOT DOWN 3 loopholes. Write them down on your scratchpad, do not memorize. 2B. Reviews. Fill in the part in the introduction. 3. All that remains is for you to expand your points into and comparison 3 paragraphs which we already started in the template. You’ll need about 400 words. William Wordsworth. I found this difficult initially, but then, as usual, I came up with a trick – elaborate your examples.

They are your saviors. Reading. Below is one of my last GMAT Write essays – note the length of the “example” sections marked in red. The following appeared in essays were, a memorandum from the director of research and development at Close reading and comparison Ready-to-Ware, a software engineering firm. Homeschool Reviews. “The package of benefits and incentives that Ready-to-Ware offers to professional staff is too costly. Our quarterly profits have declined since the Close package was introduced two years ago, at the time of our incorporation. Moreover, the package had little positive effect, as we have had only marginal success in on we, recruiting and training high-quality professional staff. To become more profitable again, Ready-to-Ware should, therefore, offer the reading and comparison reduced benefits package that was in place two years ago and of research paper use the savings to reading and comparison fund our current research and development initiatives.” My essay response:

“The argument that Ready-to-Ware should decrease its benefits package for professional staff omits some very important considerations that need to be addressed to get a full 360-degree view of the situation under consideration. 1140. The argument does not provide substantive evidence to be able to prove or support the main conclusion from the given premises. First, we need to consider if the decline is profits has occurred solely due to reading the increase in employee compensation. There could be multiple reasons for the decrease in the company’s profits over the past two years. For example, the company might have one of it’s major customers to a rival, thus putting pressure on the revenues. Composed William. If this single customer were responsible for more than 50% of the company’s revenues, a severe drop in profits is to be expected. Another scenario would be if too many competitors have entered Ready-to-Ware’s target space, in Close, the process putting pressure on the company to provide considerable discounts to current and prospective customers to maintain and gain market share. This is the same scenario that drove out profits from the auto industry in the 1980’s.

With too many car manufacturers hogging the same target consumer market, the critical homeschool downward pressure on car prices virtually eliminated the car manufacturer’s profits. One more example of a profit-declining scenario would be a ramping up of taxes by the government to cover it’s budget deficit. And Comparison. Companies usually tackle such problems by shifting headquarters to a more tax-friendly location. Hence, the argument fails to critical thinking reviews convince the reader that the fall in profits was specifically due to reading the increase in employee benefits and essays rock not due to any other cause. Second, the reading argument claims that Ready-to-Ware had problems retaining high-quality professional staff even with the increased compensation package.

However, the author fails to mention the competitiveness of Ready-to-Ware’s benefits package in critical homeschool reviews, comparison to industry standards. Here, there is a good possibility that Ready-to-Ware’s package was very incompetitive to begin with, thus explaining the company’s low employee retention rates. Even with the and comparison increased benefits package, we cannot be sure that Ready-to-Ware is providing enough incentives to critical homeschool its professionals to stick with it when faced with any of its rival’s offers. For example, if Ready-to-Ware’s original compensation package totaled $30,000 in value, whereas it’s rivals were offering $50,000 on an average at that time for the same job position and responsibilities, it becomes quite clear why the company had problems retaining its professional employees. Again, if the increased compensation package equals $40,000 as a sum total of all benefits, it is still not sufficient to satisfy employees who can see the reading and comparison better opportunities offered by it’s competitors, and critique of research paper that too without considering the fact that the the average job salary in Close reading and comparison, the industry might already have risen above the original $50,000 to adjust for inflation. Lastly, the argument fails to take into account the negative effects of reducing the package.

If the company is already facing employee retention issues, this problem might only be exacerbated by the decrease in benefits. Employees might leave the company is hordes, leaving their positions unmanned, and at the same time creating a two-sided problem for the company which might not be able to attract new employees due to their low salary offering. In the worst case scenario which in ca display cfm ethesis_id 1140, this case I believe is actually realizable, that company might go out of business and Close and comparison have to liquidate itself. In summary, this argument is extremely flawed and unconvincing for the abovementioned reasons. The author fails to take a complete view of the situation and omits some very important considerations required to assess the merits and issues in this situation.

If only the author had taken all the above points into account and omitted the counterarguments, the thinking homeschool line of reasoning would have been considerable strengthened. Close Reading. “ Notice how the of research examples have been stretched out and well-developed? It’s easy to do once you practice a few times. Start telling a story in the example, and reading and comparison many a times you’ll find it’s actually more difficult to stop writing than to keep extending. Rock. Practicing a few times will give you a good sense of Close how long each paragraph should be. Thinking Homeschool Reviews. In most of my essays, the lengths of the 3 body paragraphs decrease from top to bottom – it’s just because I like it that way. How you want it to look is up to you. Reading And Comparison. Don’t bother to put your 3 points in any order – each can be substantiated well beyond 100 words – your brain will take care of that. On Microstrip Antenna. To reiterate – conjure examples out of thin air as long as they help strengthen your argument.

It’s not cheating, it’s just common sense. Close Reading And Comparison. A good essay takes time – give me a day and I’ll cook you a feast you’ll never forget; give me a half hour and I’ll microwave leftovers. If I had more time to write that essay above, I’d NEVER EVER have. formatted it the way I have done and it’d have come off WAY BETTER than it currently is – and that will be true for your essay too, it’ll be far from your perfect work. But who cares as long as it gets you that 6, eh? And the thesis time allotted for this step?

Just make sure you finish your essay by the 29th minute. Close Reading And Comparison. If you aim for the 29th minute, you might need 30 seconds extra and you’ll have a buffer. I tried to critique paper finish it by the 30th minute once when practicing and ended up leaving an open sentence when software abruptly ended my essay session. It’s best to finish by the 29th minute. 4. DO NOT reread. Relax. Trust the template and trust what you’ve filled in the blanks. Rereading will only lead to anxiety and might screw up your later sections. There WILL be mistakes in your essay. Remember – it’s a draft, you’re allowed some grammatical, spelling or punctuation mistakes.

Practice makes a man perfect. Close Reading. And women too. Sorry for that cliche, but none of this will be helpful unless you write your own essays to on microstrip antenna array get the hang of it. And Comparison. Depending on your confidence level, you’ll need to write 4-8 essays to get comfortable with typing it all out in 30 mins without a hitch. And again, if you want to get really confident about rock your scores, just get a GMAT Write package – it’s much more satisfying to actually see your essay graded by the actual e-rater algorithm. GMAT Write also gives you a breakup of Close reading your score, so it’ll be easier for of research you to reading hit the deficient areas if any. On the day of the GMAT.

Trust your template. Paper. Don’t question your method just because it’s mechanical. Remember – you’re running a marathon and this is just the first 1/7th of Close it. Conserve your energy. Just follow what you’ve planned without questioning.

And once the essay is done, forget about it. Concentrate on the sections you’re doing. Composed Essay Few Line. This article might be about scoring a 6 but most schools don’t care as long as you score a 4+. The high score is just to satisfy your big ego. Best of luck for your GMAT and I’d love to hear any feedback! University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 25 April 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on How to score that perfect 6.0 on GMAT AWA. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want?

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