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Interview With Chris Pearson The Creator Of Thesis 2, September 2013
Bilan et explications sur la série Lost. Contact Thesis. Attention, cet article a pour but de faire un bilan sur la serie Lost, il contient donc de tres nombreux spoilers sur toute la serie et notamment sur l'episode final diffuse il y a quelques jours. 1000 Essay Contest. Apres 6 annees de suspense, Lost, disponible en DVD et Blu-ray , nous a enfin devoile tous ses mysteres… Tous ? Non, beaucoup restent sans explications. Contact Pearson. Cela a genere beaucoup de frustration de la part de nombreux fans. In Politics. Neanmoins, si l'on rentre un peu dans le detail, ce final est plein de qualites. Ce dossier revient dons sur cet episode mais livre egalement diverses explications sur des evenements des saisons anterieures qui ont trouve leur sens au cours de cette conclusion ou de la saison 6. Pearson. Nous reviendrons donc sur les sujets majeurs de la serie : L'ile et les personnages, l'opposition science / foi, et enfin les fameux mysteres, ce qui a tenu en haleine les spectateurs par-dessus tout. English To French Essay. L'ile, ses mysteres et le destin. Contact Chris. La toute derniere scene montre Jack en train de mourir exactement a l'endroit ou il s'etait reveille lors de la premiere scene de la saison 1. College Essay. Juste avant de rendre son dernier souffle, il apercoit un avion dans le ciel. Chris. Certains spectateurs se sont alors demande si les 6 saisons que nous venions de voir n'etaient pas simplement des hallucinations de Jack au moment de sa mort.
Meme si il est probable que les scenaristes aient voulu embrouiller une derniere fois le spectateur avec cette sequence, par plaisir, par nostalgie ou pour cloturer en beaute, cela ne remet pas du tout en cause ce que nous avons vu auparavant : l'ile est reelle, le crash a bien eu lieu et les personnages de la serie y ont bien survecu. 1000 Essay. Pour vraiment comprendre le deroulement des evenements, il faut revenir au personnage de Jacob et a son role. Contact Pearson. L'episode 15 de la saison 6, considere comme l'un des plus mauvais au moment de sa diffusion, nous permet de comprendre finalement enormement de choses. Racism In Politics. Sans reellement comprendre ce qu'est reellement l'ile, nous savons, depuis un moment maintenant, qu'elle doit avoir un protecteur. Chris Pearson Thesis. Ce que nous apprend cet episode 15, c'est que Jacob, lorsqu'il est devenu le protecteur de l'ile, a aussi, en tuant son frere et en le jetant dans la lumiere, cree une entite malefique, MIB/ The Black Smoke. In Politics Essay. Les autres protecteurs, comme la mere de Jacob auparavant ou Hurley par la suite, s'ils ont probablement eu a faire face a des menaces exterieures, n'ont pas eu un ennemi au pouvoir aussi immense. C'est cette histoire qui nous est racontee dans la serie : Comment Jacob va faire venir, a travers les siecles, des candidats potentiels sur l'ile en s'interessant avant tout aux survivants du vol 815 d'Oceanic Airlines, parmi lesquels se cachera son successeur. Chris. Jacob a donc plusieurs fois ramene des candidats sur l'ile : Nous connaissons l'equipage du Black Rock, Rousseau et son equipe et enfin la Dharma Initiative.
Il a echoue a de nombreuses reprises face a MIB qui corrompait ces candidats. Translation. Par exemple, a l'origine, les intentions de la Dharma Initiative etaient bonnes, guidees par Jacob. Contact. Ben etait meme certainement un successeur potentiel pour Jacob, jusqu'a ce que MIB le corrompe et le fasse commettre divers actes negatifs en lui faisant croire qu'il s'agissait de la parole de Jacob. Ben Bernanke Undergraduate Thesis. En reflechissant donc un petit peu, il n'y a donc plus reellement de mystere Dharma Initiative. Pearson. Il en est de meme pour les femmes, tombees enceintes sur l'ile qui meurent toutes.
C'est tres probablement l'explosion de la fin de la saison 5 qui est a l'origine de cette « malediction » puisqu'avant cela une mere a pu donner naissance a un petit Ethan. Sars Research. Pour les apparitions de personnes disparues (Sur l'ile et sur terre), nous avons egalement appris au cours de la saison 6 qu'elles pouvaient etre de deux types : Soit il s'agissait reellement des fantomes des personnes mortes, soit il s'agissait tout simplement de MIB. Pour Christian, les deux cas se sont produits, en fonction des situations. Contact Chris Thesis. Les fans se sont longtemps interroges sur ces apparitions et souhaitaient une explication plus « verbale », mais il n'y en a pas besoin. English To French Essay. Tous les elements sont la pour comprendre. Thesis. Pour ce qui est des nombres (4, 8, 15, 16, 23, 42) , ils ont ete partiellement expliques de facon explicite plus tot au cours de la saison 6. Amazon. Ils correspondent chacun a un des candidats potentiels encore en lice sur la liste de Jacob : Locke – 4 – , Sawyer – 8 -, Hugo – 15 -, Sailli – 16 – , Jack – 23 – et Jin ou Sun – 42. Chris Thesis. Soit, mais comment expliquer alors l'apparition de ces nombre un peu partout au cours de la serie, leur presence sur la trappe ou encore le fait que ce soit les numeros gagnants d'Hurley au loto ? C'est sur ce genre de mystere « non resolu » que le fan doit faire preuve d'ouverture.
S'ils sont si souvent presents dans la vie des personnages de Lost, c'est peut etre justement parce qu'ils sont lies a leur destin. Sars. L'une des thematiques principales des premieres saisons de la serie etait le combat ideologique entre Jack et Locke, entre la science et la foi. Thesis. Comme le dit si bien Jack au cours du final, c'est Locke qui avait raison. Ils etaient la dans un but precis, ils avaient un destin. English To French Translation. Cette notion de destin se manifeste encore une fois dans le comportement de Jacob, qui n'a jamais impose quoi que ce soit aux heros, ni meme choisir lui-meme un successeur. Pearson. C'est le parti pris par les scenaristes, donner raison a la foi, au destin, plus qu'a la science.
A partir de la, il est absurde (meme si l'on peut etre frustre) de demander reponse a tout. Research Paper. Qui dans notre monde a reponse a tout ? Personne. Chris. Après Marvel, DC Comics enchaîne les films. Amazon Essay. Redak n'est autre qu'un surnom original pour dire que cet article a ete redige par l'ensemble des tetes (plus ou moins bien) pensantes d'Oblikon. Analyse et critique de la saison 4 de Game of chris thesis, Thrones. Nursing Coursework. Une serie pour la ligue des gentlemen extraordinaires. Chris. Critique The Walking Dead Saison 1. Racism In Politics Essay. Bilan et explications sur la série Lost. Contact Pearson. Ce sujet a 58 réponses, 4 participants et a été mis à jour par Merigan, il y a 2 ans et 8 mois.
Attention, cet article a pour but de faire un bilan sur la serie Lost, il contient donc de tres nombreux spoilers sur toute la serie et notamment sur. on essay translation a un peu pres compris la meme chose sauf que pour moi les apparitions ne sont que MIB qui guide les personnages d’ailleurs MIB n’est pas un « monstre » il n’y a pas d’interet a massacrer tout le monde. Chris Thesis. ensuite pour les nombres outre le fait qu’ils correspondent aux chiffres de jacob, ils permettent aussi a l’equipe en amerique de localiser l’ile dans le temps « salle du pendule »#8230; enfin pour moi tous les mysteres sont resolus! le « monstre » est une creature mythologique donc forcement a un moment donne on essay peut voir une statue ou un temple#8230; Pour ce qui est des numeros, cest l’equation de Valenzetti: « The numbers were explained as the contact chris pearson Valenzetti equation – in racism in politics which an thesis Italian physicist/mathematician, hired by racism essay, Hanso/Widmore, to contact chris thesis calculate the sars paper date of the contact pearson end of the 1000 essay world came up with the pearson Valenzetti equation, which each number represented a different variable that would determine “doomsday”. Thesis. Hence it’s relationship to chris pearson thesis entering the 1000 word contest numbers and contact chris pushing the ben bernanke button to chris pearson thesis ’save the amazon college application essay world’ and contact chris thesis why Hurley was cursed by english essay, the numbers. Contact Pearson Thesis. They are a mystical set of sars research paper, numbers, and contact thesis also add up to sars research 108 just like in contact Buddhist prayer (the creators and essay translation writers have admitted this reference). Contact Chris Pearson Thesis. » Sawyer est 8 et Hurley est 15, vous les avez inverses. @Antoine : Merci de cette remarque, nous corrigeons de suite ! Jeff, tu as raison selon la Lost Experience, mais pourtant, les chiffres ont ete entendus durant les batailles du Pacifique durant WWII#8230;Comment cela se fait-il qu’a ce moment, on college essay savait donc en gros deja qui etait ou non candidat ? Je trouve que vous vous contentez de peu#8230; Ne pas demander de reponse (plus ou moins plausible peu importe) au nombres importants de questions soulevees lors de ces 6 saisons sous pretexte qu’au final tout s’explique par « mais ils etaient mort, c’est de l’ordre du religieux alors on contact chris pearson fait s’qu’on veut »#8230; c’est du foutage de gueule! Donnez moi un budget de fou, et j’vous fait une serie sur ce qu’il y a derriere les trous noirs, en balancant plein de mystere tout autour de cette thematique tout au long de la serie, de gros buzz commerciaux etc#8230; pour au final vous montrer qu’en fait, derriere le trou noir, il y a#8230; attention suspens#8230;. Paper. un lumiere blanche! et je justifierai ca comme les producteur de lost par: ‘ »je laisse l’imaginaire du spectateur decider de ce qu’il y a vraiment derriere un trou noir » Nan mais serieux c’est trop leger, la conclusion de ils sont tous mort aurait pu se tenir seulement si elle avait ete plus developpee en raccrochant les enigmes de la series a cette fameuse mort. Chris. En voyant votre resume, on 1000 essay a l’impression que c’est une serie qui tient bien la route, sauf que ce n’est pas du tout celle que j’ai vue. Chris Pearson Thesis. La plupart des « reponses » que vous avancez sont extrapolees; pour beaucoup de details on racism in politics n’a jamais eu une explication claire et nette. Contact Chris Pearson. Sans parler des contradictions. Un exemple : Jacob annonce dans l’episode sur Richard que l’ile est une sorte de bouchon protegeant le monde du mal, pour l#8217;empecher de se repandre sur terre.
Or, on english essay translation apprend plus loin que c’est lui-meme qui a cree la fumee noire, alors que l’ile existait deja, avait deja des habitants venus d »on ne sait ou et une sorte de gardienne. Contact Pearson Thesis. Cette gardienne protegeait non pas le monde contre le mal mais une sorte de grotte possedant une sorte de fluide vital qui rend les gens heureux partout dans le monde (ahem, qu’est-ce que ce serait si ce fluide n’existait pas alors) mais que si les gens de l’ile s’en approchait, ils en voudraient toujours plus pour eux tous seuls et ce serait pas bien. To French Essay Translation. Bon. Contact Thesis. En 2000 ans cette prediction ne s’est pas realise. Sars Research Paper. A la place Jacob a balance un seul type dans la grotte ce qui n’a pas detruit l’humanite mais par contre a cree « le mal ». Contact Chris Pearson. Quand on paper voit tout l’ensemble de la serie, l’explication de Jacob est bancale.
Ce fameux « mal », je le trouve pas si effrayant. Chris Pearson Thesis. On a vu Ben, Widmore, et meme plusieurs losties s’entretuer froidement tandis que la fumee noire tuait rarement (locke, eko la premiere fois) et d’ailleurs apparaissant rarement. Racism In Politics. Meme les types dans le temple, apres tout fumee noire leur a laisse une chance avant tandis que Dogen a ordonne l’execution des losties 5 minutes apres les avoir rencontre sans meme leur laisser une chance de se defendre. Contact Pearson. Franchement j’aurais aime que la fumee noire reussisse son coup, juste pour qu’on voit ce qui se passe ensuite parce que la c’est decevant. D’un point de vue narratif c’est tres faiblard, de presenter comme ennemi principal une entite qui, par comparaison, n’a pas l’air tres puissant. 1000 Word Contest. En tout cas surement pas pour aneantir toute l’humanite. Pearson. Bon, la je sens que je vais me laisser dans une analyse des six dernieres saisons alors j’arrete la. Research Paper. Desmond, Penny et Libbie sont dans l’eglise, et n’etaient pas dans la saison 1. Contact Chris. pour ce qui est du bouchon/jacob/fumee noire. Racism In Politics Essay. une personne doit proteger l’ile et la lumiere #8230;. Contact. il s’avere que c’est jacob qui a libere la fumee noire#8230;. English. il le dit lui meme « I made a mistake » #8230;. Contact Chris Thesis. il doit absolument trouver un successeur pour empecher MIB de devaster le monde reel. Paper. Que la fumee existe ou pas, il aurait de toute facon fallu proteger l’ile. Chris Thesis. Avant la creation de la fumee: pour l#8217;empecher de se materialiser (la ou il y a le bien absolu, il ya le mal absolu) Apres la creation de la fumee (erreur de jacob) : l#8217;empecher de faire le mal (corruption etc)
perso j’ai adore la serie de A a Z, comme X-files, chaque episodes m’ont detendu, fait rever, emue, ou troublee par diverses questions et ont ete regarde avec plaisir (certains plus que d’autres, comme dans TOUTES les series) Je pense qu’il faut arreter de se prendre la tete: le 7eme art est fait pour prendre du plaisir et se detendre et aussi pour se faire du fric. Research. c’est reussi point barre. Chris Pearson Thesis. X-files aussi a verse bcp d’encre, pour lost ca passera ! PS: merci pour cet article, tres bien resume et pas du tout extrapole#8230;il est dans mes favoris, je vais le relire et revisionner qq episodes de la saison 6 #128578; MERCI POUR TOUTES CES HEURES DE DETENTE ET DE BONS MOMENTS TELEVISUELS. Racism In Politics Essay. Cette traduction est lamentable (« Jacob doit de plus gerer avec » . Pearson Thesis. ) et bourree de fautes d’orthographe. Thesis. N’est pas traducteur qui veut. Chris. Merci pour les infos, cela dit.
Il serait trop long de reprendre point par point mais une chose est sure, Lost est bourre de reference biblique. Amazon Application. Pour moi L’ile est un purgatoire, c’est a dire un lieu ou il est encore possible de faire des choix malgres la vie menee avant le crash de l’avion par chacun. Contact Chris Pearson Thesis. La fin est quasi religieuse et meme catholique. Le lieu ou se rencontre jack et son pere est une piece multicultuelle ou peuvent se celebrer dans toutes les religions (on voit les symboles de chacunes d’elles) les obseques. Nursing School Coursework. Puis ils passent de cette piece multicultuelle a une eglise bien catholique (chemin de croix etc..) et le passage par la porte qui conduit a la lumiere se fait entre les deux anges (qui comme vous le savez gardent les portes du paradis dans la genese).
Bien sur tout ne s’explique pas et pour cause, il fallait brouiller les pistes mais il est indubitable qu’il est question de foi dans toute la serie#8230; et de foi catholique! Euh si je ne me trompe pas, Ben a rejoint Richard#8230; ce n’est donc pas MIB qui l’a corrompu. Contact Pearson Thesis. Apres il est possible que ma memoire ne me fasse defaut. 1000 Essay Contest. tout d’abord la serie Lost m’a fait rever pendant 6 ans, attendant impatiemment chaque saison, donc : un grand merci. Contact Chris. Ensuite, quelle que soit le final, il aurait cree des contents / mecontents. English To French Translation. Au moins avec celui propose, nous pouvons continuer a nous faire « des films » et a faire cadrer LOST avec nos fantasmes. Contact Chris Pearson Thesis. Pour donner mon (humble) avis, je suis d’accord avec « veritas », l’ile m’apparait comme un purgatoire. D’ailleurs bibliquement il est fait reference a « lumiere, paix et rafraichissement », que l’on retrouve dans LOST ( lumiere = omnipresente ; Paix = les heros arrivent sur L’ile avec leur demon, et en repartent en paix ; RafraIchissement = ours polaire + glace lorsque Ben tourne la roue). English Essay. Comme dans le film « les autres », je pense que les heros, decedes lors du crash, n’en ont pas conscience et l’ile est la pour qu’ils acceptent leur propre mort, et car, pour chacun, la balance hesite entre enfer et paradis.
Jack, qui est le plus refractaire, ne peut d’ailleurs pas mourir tout au long de la serie (episode sur la dynamite). Contact Thesis. Je pense aussi au miroir de Jacob qui est une fenetre sur le monde des vivants. Essay. La fumee representant l’enfer (Eko ne fait d’ailleurs pas parti des pretendants finaux car tue par la fumee). En resume je me suis fait mes petites explications a moi, et elle me vont tres bien ! #128521; mon avis rapide. Chris. Non, pour moi l’ile n’est pas un purgatoire, elle fait partie de la realite. English. PAR CONTRE, leur vie alternative EST le purgatoire. Contact Pearson. Ils essaient de mettre de l’ordre dans leurs vies (famille pour jack, les jambes pour locke,#8230;) et la preuve ultime est que BEN refuse de rejoindre les autres dans l’ eglise en disant qu’il n’en avait pas fini. English To French Translation. Il ne continu pas son chemin vers l’au-dela. Contact Pearson. Sa periode au purgatoire n’etait donc pas terminee. Il avait beaucoup trop de choses a se faire pardonner.
Quant a l’ile#8230;#8230;il restera certains mysteres a eclaircir.
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Interview With Chris Pearson The Creator Of Thesis 2, September 2013
Mary Karr On Writing Memoirs: 'No Doubt I've Gotten A Million Things Wrong' Karr discusses the faults of memory, the chris pearson thesis, challenges of essay translation writing about contact pearson thesis loved ones and the pain of amazon college application deleting pages because there was something untrue about chris pearson thesis them. Originally broadcast Sept. Thesis! 15, 2015. DAVE DAVIES, HOST: This is FRESH AIR. I'm Dave Davies, sitting in for Terry Gross. Mary Karr, is best known for her three memoirs, The Liars' Club, Cherry and contact thesis, Lit. Nursing Coursework! She's credited with helping turn the contact chris, memoir into a popular literary form. She's had plenty of material to work with. She grew up in East Texas.
Her mother, during a psychotic break, tried to kill her with a butcher knife. Her father was an 1000 oil worker and a gambler. Karr was twice abused by chris pearson thesis, pedophiles. And, like her mother, she became an alcoholic. After getting sober, to her great surprise, she became a committed Catholic. Nursing School Coursework! But her memoirs are distinguished not just by chris, the story she tells but by the quality of her writing. If dysfunction was all you needed to write a great memoir, she notes, most of us would've written great ones. In her book The Art Of Memoir, she reflects on nursing coursework, the process of writing personal stories. Contact Thesis! How do you know you can trust your memory?
How do you write about people you love without betraying them? And how do you find your authentic self and school coursework, authentic voice? Terry spoke to Karr last year. She's a professor of literature at Syracuse University and has taught memoirs for over 30 years. The Art of Memoir is chris, now out in amazon essay paperback. (SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED BROADCAST) TERRY GROSS, HOST: Mary Karr, welcome back to FRESH AIR.
It's really a pleasure to chris, have you back on school coursework, the show. So I should ask you, why is your new book a book about memoirs instead of being another memoir? Although, I should say I would describe the book as a memoir about writing memoirs (laughter). MARY KARR: Well, it's partly that. You know, I'd been thinking about the genre for a long time. And in some odd way, even though it has this huge readership, I felt some lingering obligation to defend it. You know, it's such a low-rant form compared to, say, the novel. I mean, there's no danger of my being invited to the American Academy, you know? KARR: It's just trashy. It's primitive. Chris Pearson! It's outsider art, sort of.
So - and in some strange way - I have loved the form so long and racism, so hard - and contact chris pearson thesis, I've taught about it for 30 years - that I felt some - I don't know - sense of cultural jury duty or something to defend it. I'd read a lot of sort of - kind of lite - L-I-T-E - how-to-write-a-memoir books that I found offered all these great exercises or what writing teachers call prompts. And I was always terrible at sars those. When I was given a prompt, I always just wrote, I'm very sad - Mary Karr. KARR: You know, I just - it never prompted in me anything. So. GROSS: You have an interesting theory in your book about contact pearson thesis why memoirs have become so popular. And you could argue they've even become more popular than a lot of serious fiction.
So you want to share that theory with us? KARR: Yes. I mean, I think as fiction has become more hyper-intellectual or dystopic or unreal, I think people hungry for the real - for real, lived experience - have been forced to migrate to memoir. GROSS: So you started writing memoirs before our culture got as confessional as it's become, before the essay, word over-sharing (laughter) was coined. GROSS: So has that affected your standards of what is meant to be written about and what is meant to contact chris, maintain silence about? KARR: That's such a smart question.
Damn it, now I'm going to have to think. KARR: It's really. GROSS: Oh, I apologize for making you think (laughter). KARR: I really resent this, Terry. I would rather it just bumble along. Has it changed? No.
I think I'm such a worrier and sars research paper, a nail-biter and a rethinker. I've always sent my manuscripts out to people I write about not because I'm afraid of thesis landing all sweaty on Oprah but because I kind of nursing school mistrust my own memories. Like, most sort of chris pearson thinking people - you know, you'll defend your point of research view at the Thanksgiving table, you know, vigorously. Chris Pearson! And then I'm that person who goes home and lies in bed and sars paper, thinks, did that really happen that way? So, you know what I have done?
I - with Cherry, I stopped putting things in quotation marks because I really wanted the reader to contact chris pearson thesis, continue to understand or believe or think that he or she was in my head. To French Translation! You know, this is my point of view. It's not objective history. It's memory, which is a - you know, a faulty form in terms of reportage but which has the added advantage of showing my interior while something is happening. So hopefully, a memoir shows lived experience, not surface reporting. GROSS: But do you find yourself exposing any more or less now that we have the term over-sharing? KARR: I don't know. Contact Chris! I mean, given - given what I wrote about in my first book, it would be hard to. KARR: You know, to share more. KARR: I mean, I never talk about anybody's penis who was nice enough to sleep with me. KARR: I just wouldn't ever talk about that.
I think they're nice enough to thesis, show it to me. I should keep it to myself. GROSS: (Laughter) You know, you talk about contact pearson thesis how faulty memory is. You do this fascinating exercise with your memoir-writing class. And toward the sars research paper, beginning of class - I want you to contact thesis, describe what you do.
KARR: Well, I - what I do is I stage a fight. Racism In Politics Essay! And I only contact teach this class every few years. So the students don't see it coming. And it's a graduate seminar at Syracuse University. And we sift through, sometimes, a thousand applications for 12 students - so six in poetry and six in fiction. So this is a literature class, not a workshop. But these are young, very smart people who are very confident about nursing school their memories and mostly should be.
But I stage a fight, either with a colleague or with a student. And then I ask them to write what happened. GROSS: And they don't know it's staged. Contact Pearson Thesis! They think somebody else has come in and that you are fighting with them and something really terrible is unfolding before their eyes. KARR: Yes. So if I have a fight with George Saunders, who's, you know, this nice, Buddhist, kind person.
KARR: . Racism! Who's, like, you know, kind for a living, it's interesting that no matter what I have him say and no matter what I do, people perceive me, say, as the aggressor. Thesis! They will see me. 1000 Word Essay! And the way that will manifest - it's not that they make up things I say or do. But even though he might advance across the room, and pearson, I might back up and say conciliatory things, they'll say things like she held her ground like a bulldog or she took steps back, but she was fierce. So, you know, it teaches them not - that we don't so much apprehend the world as we beam it from sars research paper our eyeballs, you know? We. GROSS: Right. You have them write down what they saw after this. KARR: We have to.
GROSS: Staged fight. Thesis! And everybody saw something different. They all - they contradict - one person's perceptions contradict another. KARR: And they all project whatever is racism in politics essay, going on with them. For instance, often, I'll have a fight - or have the person call several times at intervals of, say, 15 minutes before they enter the room.
So I make an excuse for leaving my phone on. I don't - I don't answer my phone in class, however, you know, arrogant I might sound. So I say, I'm waiting for pearson thesis a call from a doctor. I have to english translation, leave the thesis, phone on. And instead, this aggravating person I'm going to paper, have the fight with continues to call. And most students resent my leaving the thesis, phone on, except for my student who has a serious illness, a form of racism essay sickle cell anemia. And she has all this codependent concern for my health. Chris Thesis! And she feels really bad for me.
So other people are annoyed by my self-centeredness or arrogance for contest leaving the phone on. And this one student takes her experience and projects it onto me. A women who had had a stalker assumes that George and I, say, have been sleeping together and that he's a stalker. Or, you know, it's also interesting that there are these - what I call these memory aces. There are these students - usually a musician or a poet. I had this wonderful kind of New York party-throwing DJ kid. And he remembered every single line we each spoke. KARR: So there's no variation, no mistake in contact pearson thesis what he hears. And it's all in paper perfect order. And his perceptions - they're just these remarkable kids. There's maybe one or two in every class.
At the end of contact what he wrote, he asked, I wonder what Mary had done to racism in politics essay, make him do this to contact chris pearson, her. KARR: So it's like a no-win situation for me. GROSS: So is this a humbling experience for english to french your students, realizing that they've gotten a little or a lot totally wrong? KARR: It is chris pearson, humbling. And what I say is, you know, what you're supposed to do in this class is learn the undergraduate, shape of yourself and learn what you do tend to project onto contact the landscape so you can kind of account for english to french essay that tendency in yourself and question it as you're putting down your memories. GROSS: If you're just joining us, my guest is Mary Karr. And she is famous for her memoirs, The Liars' Club, Cherry and Lit. Now she's written a book about memoirs. And it's called The Art Of Memoir. Let's take a short break.
Then we'll talk some more. Contact Pearson Thesis! This is FRESH AIR. (SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC) GROSS: This is FRESH AIR. And if you're just joining us, my guest is nursing, Mary Karr. She's the chris pearson, author of the memoirs The Liars' Club, Cherry and Lit. Now she's written a book about memoirs and about writing memoirs. And it's called The Art Of Memoir. How do you make sure, in your writing, that you've gotten things right? KARR: Well, obviously, I don't.
I have no doubt that I've gotten a million things wrong and that someday, some cavalry of people will ride into my life and say, this is nursing, so much horse dookey, we can't even believe it. So I'm never sure I've gotten things right. Contact! I lie awake and worry about writing a scene - really, the sending pages out to people who were in english to french them, you know, which I do with anybody who's alive. But I don't know. I'm just somebody who picks at and worries. I think - like a lot of memoirists, I had a tormented past and chris, really started into this business, I think, to scratch at and rout out the truth of racism in politics my less-than-perfect childhood. So I keep scratching - I'm just somebody who scratches and picks and worries the chris pearson, bone of things over english to french, and over and over. So.
GROSS: Your mother is such a - was such a complicated person. Contact Pearson Thesis! And in college application addition to having periods of profound mental illness, she also had a period where she was a reporter and columnist for contact chris pearson the local newspaper in school Texas. And I'm wondering if she taught you the importance of accuracy and memory. KARR: Oh, that's so interesting. I think the pearson, fact that she was so well-armed meant I wouldn't lie about her (laughter). I mean, you think about english to french essay my family - you don't really want to contact chris, make them mad at you.
GROSS: Do you mean armed. GROSS: . With a butcher knife, or armed with journalistic skills? (Laughter). KARR: No, I meant armed, you know, with a Smith Wesson. KARR: No. I mean, my mother tried to kill me with a butcher knife.
But she never shot at me. She shot at all her husbands that I ever knew. GROSS: Yeah, you've written about that. GROSS: So OK - so did she ever get angry with you for college essay writing about her and for pearson thesis writing. GROSS: . About shooting at ben bernanke her husbands? KARR: She never did. Thesis! I mean, what she said to word essay, me - I - first off, my mother was an contact chris thesis outlaw in ben bernanke thesis the core of her being. So she really didn't care about what people thought of her. And she said things like, well, hell, everybody knew about that. Pearson! I mean, everybody did.
Everybody in the town knew about school coursework that. Chris Pearson Thesis! And she didn't really care about people she didn't know. So no, I - truth be told, I never had anybody complain about anything I wrote about college them, oddly enough. GROSS: In writing a memoir, you're choosing to expose selected chapters of your life. You are in control of contact chris that narrative.
But the people who you are writing about are not. Do you feel an in politics obligation to protect people? Or do you feel like, no, my obligation is to the truth? KARR: You know, I'm sort of a - what, you know, a pathologist might call a really codependent person. So I do worry a lot about the people I write about. And let me also say I mostly write about people I love.
I'm not somebody, you know, who has to write about Nazis, say. Contact Pearson Thesis! Or I'm not writing about people I don't know that well or don't care about. So I feel obligated to maybe mention in passing if they didn't agree with my take on something. But I don't feel obligated to amazon essay, represent their point of view. Pearson Thesis! So my sister loved our grandmother. And I wasn't nuts about her. And I mention in racism in politics passing, you know, my sister would disagree with this, you know? But as I also said, my sister would only show me wetting my pants and sobbing quietly in the corner or biting somebody. Contact! So I mention things in passing. In Politics! And I also - I try not to guess what people's motives are.
I - I mostly try to deal with what I see and what I do. I don't, say, you know, because my mother was blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, she stood over me with a butcher knife. I have no idea why she did it. GROSS: What is your obligation to chris, the dead when you are writing about them and you can't show them the manuscript? You can't ask them if they mind something being published. Now, you could argue that they're dead, so it doesn't matter. You could also argue that you want to respect their memory and preserve their privacy even in death, especially if they're not, like, a famous figure and this is, like, a biography that's important to to french essay, history. It's just, like, someone you knew and thesis, cared about who is school coursework, now dead. KARR: Well, that's only happened in contact chris pearson thesis one - you know, I mean, my father - my love for him was so enormous. I think he would've loved how I wrote about him. People tend to love how I write about them.
I mean, I've had people complain that I. GROSS: Is that because you're funny? KARR: I don't know. Am I funny? Good for sars research me. Contact Chris Pearson! I have - that's one point for me. I think it's because I - again, I wouldn't spend time writing about somebody I didn't - I just thought was a despicable person, you know, other than my grandmother and a couple of pedophiles. I don't really - in all my books, I don't really - I'm not - you know, I'm my problem. KARR: You know, other people are not my problem. I'm my problem. Word Contest! So when there's a jerk in contact chris pearson thesis the book, it's usually me.
I mean, I'm the one that I'm wrestling with. GROSS: You also write you have to english to french translation, be willing to contact chris pearson thesis, throw away pages and essay translation, revise. You do a lot of revision. And when you were writing - was it Lit or Cherry? I think it was. KARR: It was Lit. GROSS: . Lit - that you threw away, like, 1,200 pages. I mean, that's. KARR: I threw away - yeah, I threw away 1,200 finished pages, pages I could have published that were publishable because they sucked.
There was something - it's not that I made stuff up, but there was something untrue about them. GROSS: How do you deal with the contact pearson thesis, pain of knowing that months or perhaps years of your work was going to paper, be deleted by you because you felt you more or less had to start over again? KARR: You know, I actually broke the delete button off my keyboard writing that book. And I always say, if I had any guts at chris all, I'd make a brooch out of it. So it was really hard when I threw all that away. I think I spent about four days in my pajamas. I saw nobody but the ben bernanke undergraduate thesis, curry guy. And I was just sobbing. And I - I thought, I have to contact pearson thesis, sell this apartment and give the advance money back to in politics essay, my publisher.
I just cannot do this. Contact Pearson! And then I washed my face and put on my big-girl panties and started over, writing what I should've been writing from school coursework page one. So I find the truth is not - it's not that I had made up events. I was just writing about thesis stuff that wasn't emotionally resonant or important to me. It was more - I was sort of sars research paper telling, like, jokey, cute anecdotes about all these guys I dated in my 20s. And it - you know, it might've made a bunch of kind of medium-crummy magazine articles. But it would've been of no interest to any sane reader. GROSS: So what's the biggest change in direction that your final draft took compared to the 1,200 pages that you abandoned? KARR: Well, the one thing I wasn't going to contact thesis, do, Terry - the school, one thing I could never do - I couldn't write about my mother anymore. I mean, she had died, for chris one thing. But also, I just couldn't dine out anymore on stories of nursing my mother.
And yet (laughter) there were all these stories to tell. And I was writing about becoming a mother. Thesis! And I thought it was going to sars research paper, be a story the contact, arc of which was something like I sought love from all these men I got engaged to. And one I married. And I failed. Research Paper! And then I found this perfect love with having this child, which, of course, I'm - you know, I'm nobody's example of a perfect mother. But - so instead, it was about how I had to make peace with my mother.
I had to write about my mother and my mother's ongoing craziness and her recovery, which led to thesis, my recovery, and her death. You know, I had to racism in politics essay, make peace with my mother to become a mother. So I just was avoiding it. I was like a dog staked to a pole. Contact Chris! I just walked around and research, around and around it. GROSS: Your mother is such a complicated figure.
And one of the things you've written about with your mother is that as a teenager, you used to drink with her. And you'd both get really drunk. And I'm thinking what a strange bonding experience that probably was. What was it like to contact pearson, get drunk with your mother, when - I mean, she had a drinking problem. Racism Essay! It wasn't like, let's have a nice drink. KARR: (Laughter) You think? GROSS: . And loosen things up, so we could have a heart-to-heart talk.
KARR: No. It was like, let's get baked and see if the pearson, piano player will buy us drinks. KARR: No, I mean - no, it was - I was one of those kids at 17 or 18, one of those really neurotic, nail-bitey girls who says, my mother's my best friend. I mean - and, you know, she was writing - you know, she was also capable of really - you know, of amazon essay great cruelty and contact chris, was just not - you know, I loved my mother. I still love my mother. But she was not a super-nurturing human being, which is word essay, fine if she's not your mother. GROSS: Right (laughter).
KARR: It's a fine thing to be. But when that's your mother and the only one you have, it's disheartening. Contact Chris Pearson Thesis! So. GROSS: Did she initiate you into heavy drinking? Or were you already a drinker?
KARR: Oh, no. English Translation! I mean, I was one of contact thesis those people - I think it was Paul Celan who describes, you know, taking a drink and feeling a sunflower open in his chest, you know? (Laughter) I was one of racism essay those people. I think I just have a taste for contact chris thesis it. DAVIES: Mary Karr's new book, The Art of essay translation Memoir, is now out in pearson thesis paperback. After a break, she'll talk about her relationship with writer David Foster Wallace. Coursework! And our film critic, David Edelstein, reviews the remake of The Magnificent Seven. I'm Dave Davies. And this is FRESH AIR. (SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC) DAVIES: This is FRESH AIR. I'm Dave Davies, in for Terry Gross.
We're listening to contact pearson thesis, Terry's interview with Mary Karr, author of the popular memoirs The Liar's Club, Cherry and Lit. Essay Translation! Her latest book about contact chris thesis writing memoirs is now out in paperback. 1000 Contest! It's called The Art Of Memoir. Chris Thesis! She's a professor of literature at Syracuse University, where she teaches a class on the memoir. (SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED BROADCAST)
GROSS: You got sober in the late '80s. GROSS: And at about that time - I think it was like a month after you had started being sober - you met David Foster Wallace, who was just going into rehab. And you became very close. And you wrote about this in Lit - except when I read Lit, I didn't know that you'd written about this because you used the name David, not David Foster Wallace. And I suppose that the - I want to say schmatta (laughter), the headband - what would you call it? - that he had around his neck. A head. KARR: I called it a head hanky. GROSS: Head hanky, OK. KARR: His head hanky, yeah, and his big boots. GROSS: Which, of course, he was famous for. Contest! And I suppose I should've put two and contact thesis, two together.
But I didn't. And so I'm interested - since we've spoken about how to protect people or let them choose a pseudonym if they prefer, it seems like you played that one down the college, middle. You didn't use a pseudonym, but you didn't use his full name either. KARR: Well, I did notify him as I was working on the book that I was planning to contact pearson, write about in politics essay him. He was alive. Pearson Thesis! And I let him know some of the things I would cover. And I was hoping to send him pages, which - he killed himself before I was able to english to french essay, do. So I did have a pseudonym for him. And then after he died, everyone who knew him and knew me knew it was him. Contact Pearson! So it seemed kind of disingenuous in in politics essay some ways.
And I did figure, frankly - I did figure, well, he's dead already. And believe me. I was still, you know, really devastated as, you know, anybody who had ever cared about him was by his suicide. Anybody who had ever talked him out of killing himself was - you know, felt like a failure, obviously, and was devastated by that death. So (laughter) David was very kindly treated. Contact Chris Thesis! There were a lot of thesis - if I wanted to burn David's house down, I could have done that and chose not to. And I didn't really go into contact pearson thesis, what it was like in 1000 word any great detail to contact thesis, date him, except that it was tumultuous and very short-lived. GROSS: You do write one sentence in describing your fights. You wrote, (reading) if David enters the essay, mindset he calls black-eyed red-out, he's inclined to chris pearson, hurl all manner of objects. KARR: He was violent. I will - I mean, he was violent.
He became violent when he was angry. I'm not the only woman he was violent with. Racism Essay! It was - it's common knowledge among women who dated him, you know, that he was violent. So we knew each other a long time. We were friends a long time. We got sober with a lot of the same people. Contact Chris Thesis! But the amount of time that we dated was very short. GROSS: But it sounds like he had asked you to get married and had your name tattooed on his arm. KARR: He did ask me to get - he did ask me to marry him.
He did get my name tattooed on sars paper, his arm. Although, as I pointed out to him, it's not like my name was Lucinda, you know? KARR: You can always put blessed virgin above it, and it could be anybody. KARR: So I told him that because he didn't put Mary Karr, it was disappointing. Contact Thesis! But no, I mean - but he - David proposed to everybody he dated that I know of. Everybody I ever met who dated David has - I have a - I probably have a ream of sars research marriage proposals from David. It's not like he proposed to me one time. It's like he proposed to me a zillion times. You know, it was like a campaign for him.
So before we were dating, he was proposing to me. I mean. GROSS: I'm wondering if you saw the film about him, The End Of The Tour, 'cause I know a lot of contact chris thesis people who knew him feel like his privacy and school coursework, his wishes were violated by the film because he didn't want celebrity. And he wouldn't have wanted to be portrayed in contact chris thesis the film. And some of the. KARR: Let me correct something. KARR: David Foster Wallace wanted celebrity as much or more than any writer I've ever known. English Essay! Let me just correct that. David didn't like going out and contact chris pearson thesis, being at racism in politics the center of pearson thesis scrutiny. But David's ambition - if he could've strafe-bombed the planet - which is also true for undergraduate me, by the way. I'm not talking from the chris thesis, other side of the street.
I think most writers want to sell as many books as they can sell. There's no - you write because you want readers. So believe me. I don't think David - I had to racism in politics, talk David out of doing a Gap commercial at one point because I said, you know, would Cormac McCarthy do it? KARR: You know, would Toni Morrison do it? GROSS: We've talked about what it's like for you to chris, write about people you're close with, including having written about amazon college application essay David Foster Wallace.
Did he write about you in contact pearson a disguised form in any of his fiction? KARR: He certainly did. He certainly did. He wrote about a lot of people in disguised form. Essay! I mean, I read an excerpt of chris pearson Infinite Jest where he used the names - the sars paper, real names - of thesis people. And he used their stories in a way that I found very irresponsible. GROSS: Were these people who had been in a recovery group with him? KARR: Yes, people who had been in racism in politics essay a halfway house with him. They're people I knew well. Chris! And I saw them - I saw their stories. Ben Bernanke Undergraduate Thesis! And I saw them excerpted in these kind of chris thesis cartoony, grotesque ways.
And I was horrified. And even then, I sort of felt like, well, it's his book. It's none of my business. And then I met his editor, Michael Pietsch, at undergraduate thesis a party, and - right before Infinite Jest came out. And he said, you know, I now understand this character David wrote about because she talks just like you, and she's from Texas, and contact, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah.
And I really had a hard time. I thought about racism in politics essay it. Contact! And I thought about it. And I prayed about it. I talked to a priest about it. And then I called the editor. 1000 Essay Contest! And I just called him on the phone 'cause we had mutual friends.
And I said, you know, these people in this excerpt are real people. And I'm not a litigious person. I'm not somebody who's going to sue anybody over chris pearson, a piece of fiction. Essay Contest! It's none of my business. I don't care. Chris Pearson! But, you know, he could fix this. It's just not that hard. He could make this person blonde instead of brunette. He could make her from paper Arkansas or whatever. But you certainly shouldn't be using their real names. GROSS: If you're just joining us, my guest is Mary Karr.
She's the author of the memoirs The Liar's Club, Cherry and contact pearson, Lit. Now she's written a new book about memoir writing. And it's called The Art Of Memoir. Mary, let's take a short break. Then we'll talk some more. Racism In Politics Essay! This is FRESH AIR. (SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC) GROSS: This is FRESH AIR. Contact Chris! My guest is Mary Karr. Racism In Politics Essay! After writing three memoirs, including the best-seller The Liars' Club, she's written a book about writing memoirs called The Art Of Memoir. When we left off, we were discussing the late writer David Foster Wallace, with whom she'd once been a couple.
She wrote about him, and he'd written about her. David Foster Wallace took his own life. And he had attempted suicide previous times. It seems to me you've been surrounded by more than an average amount of people who've taken their lives. Your mother had tried to take her life. Contact Chris Pearson Thesis! I think you took yourself to ben bernanke thesis, a hospital because you were thinking about suicide. You have friends who've committed suicide. And. KARR: Right, it kind of makes you wonder if I'm a bad influence in pearson thesis the world. GROSS: Well, yeah, what it makes me wonder is how fragile you must think or must have thought life is.
I mean, to know as many people as you've known who've taken their own lives - it just opens the door to english, the real possibility of that in a way that seems, to me, kind of frightening. For someone who once considered that, as you once did, to know people who really walk through that door. GROSS: . That must be frightening in contact chris a way that it is not frightening for amazon college application people who've never entertained the idea of suicide. KARR: You know, I think I'm - I think when you grow up with people who are hurt and unhappy and addicted and suicidal, you have an empathy for people who are hurt and addicted. Contact Chris Pearson! And you could call it a kind of ben bernanke codependence. Contact Thesis! Or you could just say, you know, you feel bad for racism these people. And you - this - you know, I grew up trying to cheer my mother up and trying to cheer myself up. And so yes, I mean, I - you know, I've written poems against contact suicide. I think suicide - maybe you have a terminal illness, and you decide to end your life to undergraduate thesis, end your suffering.
And that makes perfect sense to me. But I think most suicidal people are killing the wrong people. I think (laughter), you know - I think it's a permanent solution to contact pearson, temporary states of ben bernanke thesis mind. So I know there are people who say, well, you know, David was suffering so miserably. And I know he was. And I do have empathy for that. But, yeah, I wish he hadn't done that.
I wish he hadn't done that. I think he'd be feeling better now if he hadn't done that. GROSS: Feeling better because conditions would have changed or medication would have been worked out better? KARR: I hope so. But, I mean, David flat-lined when he was - you know, before he was 21. So David tried to kill himself hard many times. Now, I'm not talking - I had a suicidal ideation. I never cut myself or overdosed or. GROSS: That means you thought about it. But you never really tried it. KARR: Right.
That is correct. GROSS: So just one more thing about David Foster Wallace. I'm grateful for you to be speaking some of pearson thesis your truth about him. Racism In Politics! Does it make you uncomfortable to do that in a public way because he can't tell his side of the story? KARR: Well, if he hadn't killed himself, he would've been able to. KARR: You know, I mean, no. I mean, he left himself to history. And I'm, you know, one of those who came after.
So I'd rather he be alive, phoning in, saying how full of horse dookey I am. KARR: But, you know, the other thing - I spent a lot of - I'm still kind of best friends with his best friend from pearson college, the novelist Mark Costello, who's a great, great writer. And I talked to Mark a lot about David's portrait. 1000 Word! And I sent him those pages. And I made a decision before I talked to contact chris pearson thesis, David's biographer. And, you know, I - it's - people have tried to buy my letters from David.
And I haven't yet sold them. So there's a lot of his darkness in word contest there that's - I guess I am protective of in pearson some way 'cause he was ill. GROSS: Right. So you've actually written a poem about David Foster Wallace that - I'd love it if you read that for us. KARR: I will. I've written a couple of word essay poems for David. This one was in The New Yorker.
It's called Face Down. (Reading) What are you doing on this side of the dark? You chose that side. And those you left feel your image across their sleeping lids as a blinding atomic blast. Last we knew, you were suspended midair, like an angel for a pageant, off the contact thesis, room where your wife slept. She had to cut you down, who'd been, I heard, so long holding you up. We all tried to, faced with your need, which we somehow understood and felt for and took into our veins like smack. Racism Essay! And you must be lured by that old pain, smoldering like wood smoke across the death boundary. Contact Chris Pearson Thesis! Prowl here, I guess, if you have to bother somebody. Nursing Coursework! Or better yet, go bother God, who shaped that form you despised from common clay. The light you swam so hard away from still burns like a star over chris pearson thesis, a desert or atop a tree in a living room where a son's photos have been laid face down for the holiday.
GROSS: Wow. It seems to college application essay, me like it's a poem that is expressing a certain amount of contact chris pearson thesis anger at him for having made that choice, for choosing that side. KARR: Yeah. And I've got to say, I did - you know, I did think of word essay his wife and her having to find him and. GROSS: Find him after he was dead? KARR: After he was dead.
I just - I was haunted by pearson, that. She wrote about it. And I was haunted by 1000 word, that for her. GROSS: OK. When you got sober in contact chris pearson thesis the late '80s, that's when you became, to your great surprise, a Catholic.
KARR: (Laughter) So stupid, isn't it? GROSS: (Laughter) And that - I think - do you feel that that continues to help you remain sober? KARR: No. Ben Bernanke Thesis! I - well, I think my - I think I'm granted a kind of spiritual reprieve every day. So I think any spiritual practice helps you remain sober. Contact Chris Pearson! But, you know, working with other drunks and talking to sars paper, other drunks and trying to live a little more scrupulously, looking at your own behavior and trying to correct what you do wrong - you know, I think all those things help me to stay sober. GROSS: You've said that, to you, being Catholic is a set of activities. What are those activities for you? KARR: I pray. I pray a lot.
I'm somebody who has a big inner life. And for most of contact chris pearson my life, it had a lot of darkness in it. To French! And for me, prayer is a way of standing in a light. Contact Pearson! It's no more complicated than that. So I pray both for people, and 1000 word, I do something called the Ignatian exercises, which are a way of contact chris pearson kind of looking, at the end of racism in politics essay every day, at pearson that day and examining places where you saw God - you know, places where God was present for amazon college application you. And if you do that every day over a long period of time, you start to pearson thesis, realize that the thesis, things you value, quote, unquote - the things that are supposed to be important to you - are often just not that important. And the places that, really, are sustaining to you in a spiritual way are very surprising. They're not where you think they're going to be.
GROSS: I'm assuming you find prayer very sustaining and that you pray every day. Is there ever a day where you think, I'm just too busy? I'm not going to pray today? KARR: I pray all day. I mean, I pray a lot of the day. I try to pray.
My instinct, Terry, is to chris pearson thesis, kill everybody on the subway. KARR: That's my instinct. Racism In Politics! If I didn't pray, I would be one of contact chris pearson thesis those mass - I know that I would just - I'm not a nice person. To French Essay! My - I'm not such a nice person. I grew up in a very complicated family. And I have impulse control issues.
So, you know, I need prayer to chris thesis, keep myself awake in coursework the present. And it really becomes like, you know, that thing I said in Memoir. Contact! You're projecting onto english to french essay translation the landscape. For me, sort of getting quiet in the center of myself keeps me from projecting so much onto the landscape, I hope. I mean - so if I find myself getting ramped up or worried or irritated, you know, I will pray. I will start praying for contact thesis somebody else. I have a list of college application people. I - sometimes, when I'm really irritated with my fellow New Yorkers - you know, when the air conditioning is off in the subway car, I do this exercise where I start praying for every face I see. It's just - even rich people (laughter), you know, even praying for rich people in chris pearson thesis New York because it helps me to stop thinking about word essay myself and to become more present to other people, you know? It's something I do for myself, not to be nice but because otherwise, I would just be a shocking wreck.
GROSS: Mary Karr, I really so much enjoyed talking with you. Chris Thesis! Thank you so much for undergraduate thesis coming back to FRESH AIR. KARR: Thank you for having me. It's been a hoot. Contact Chris Pearson Thesis! Thanks. DAVIES: Mary Karr speaking with Terry Gross - recorded last year. Karr's latest book, The Art of Memoir, is out in english to french translation paperback.
NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by Verb8tm, Inc., an pearson thesis NPR contractor, and produced using a proprietary transcription process developed with NPR. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Accuracy and availability may vary. The authoritative record of NPR’s programming is the audio record.
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With Chris Pearson and Matt Mullenweg - Mixergy
9/11 Facts Timeline: Ten-Page Summary. Verifiable Media Timeline of 9/11 Facts. For an excellent two-page summary of the best of this 9/11 timeline, click here. For excerpts from 20 of the most revealing major media articles on 9/11, click here. To verify 9/11 timeline facts below, click on links to contact chris pearson thesis, articles on major media websites. Join in powerfully building a better world for all by spreading the in politics essay word. 9/11 was one of the pearson thesis most pivotal events in world history. Its impact will be felt for years to nursing, come. You owe it to contact chris, yourself to go beyond the sound bites and the simplified official story. This is an extremely complicated story with numerous players and motives. The 9/11 timeline facts don't all make sense or fit neatly together.
It's a story full of 1000 essay contest, espionage, deceit, and lies. But if forces out there are tricking us, they can only succeed if we, the contact chris pearson thesis general public, remain ignorant and passive. We limit our sources on this 9/11 timeline to the mainstream media. It's not that one can only trust the major media. Much of the best reporting today is in politics coming from contact chris pearson alternative media. Yet many people are initially very skeptical. Some of the 9/11 timeline facts below are very hard to believe. Yet remember that each entry is reported by respected mainstream media sources and can easily be verified by clicking on the links provided to school, the original source. Contact Chris Pearson. After seeing the to french essay translation importance of what's being hidden, you will very likely want to join in working together to build a brighter future.
Note: To skip directly to the 9/11 facts listed on the day of 9/11, click here. 1980s: Osama bin Laden runs a front organization for chris pearson the mujaheddinIslamic freedom fighters rebelling against the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan. The CIA secretly backs the mujaheddin. Pakistan's Prime Minister Bhutto, understanding the ferocity of Islamic extremism, tells then President George Bush, You are creating a Frankenstein. [MSNBC, 8/24/98, Newsweek, 10/1/01, more] 1994: Two attacks take place which involve hijacking planes to crash them into buildings, including one by an Islamic militant group. English To French Essay Translation. In a third attack, a lone pilot crashes a plane at the White House. Yet after Sept.
11, over chris pearson thesis and over aviation and security officials say they are shocked that terrorists could have hijacked airliners and 1000 essay crashed them into landmark buildings. [New York Times, 10/3/01] 1996: The Saudi Arabian government is financially supporting Osama bin Laden's Al Qaeda and other extremist groups. After 9/11, the contact Bush Administration does nothing to confront the Saudi leadership over its support of terror organizations and its refusal to help in the investigation. English To French Translation. [New Yorker, 10/22/01, more] 1996-1999: The CIA officer in charge of operations against Al Qaeda from Washington writes, I speak with firsthand experience (and for several score of CIA officers) when I state categorically that during this time senior White House officials repeatedly refused to act on sound intelligence that provided multiple chances to eliminate Osama bin Laden. Chris Pearson Thesis. [Los Angeles Times, 12/5/04] 1996-2001: Federal authorities have known for nursing school coursework years that suspected terrorists with ties to contact chris thesis, bin Laden were receiving flight training at schools in the US and abroad. One convicted terrorist confessed that his planned role in a terror attack was to in politics essay, crash a plane into CIA headquarters. [Washington Post, 9/23/01] 1996-Sept 11, 2001: Taliban envoys repeatedly discuss turning bin Laden over, but the US wants to contact chris pearson, be handed bin Laden directly, and the Taliban want to turn him over to some third country. About 20 more meetings on giving up bin Laden take place up till 9/11, all fruitless. [Washington Post, 10/29/01] 1997: Former National Security Advisor Brzezinski publishes a book portraying Eurasia as the key to world power, and Central Asia with its vast oil reserves as the key to domination of school coursework, Eurasia. Contact Chris Thesis. He states that for amazon essay the US to maintain its global primacy, it must prevent any adversary from controlling that region. He notes that because of popular resistance to thesis, US military expansionism, his ambitious strategy can't be implemented except in ben bernanke undergraduate thesis the circumstance of a truly massive and widely perceived direct external threat. [ The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and its Geostrategic Imperatives ] 1998: An Oklahoma City FBI agent sends a memo warning that large numbers of Middle Eastern males are getting flight training and could be planning terrorist attacks. Chris Thesis. [CBS, 5/30/02] A separate CIA intelligence report asserts that Arab terrorists are planning to fly a bomb-laden aircraft into the WTC (World Trade Center). [New York Times, 9/19/02, Senate Intelligence Committee, 9/18/02, more] Aug 1998: Within minutes of each other, truck bombs blow up the research paper US embassies in Tanzania and Kenya, killing more than 220. For some of the time that bin Laden's men were plotting to blow up the two embassies, US intelligence was tapping their phones. Contact Pearson. [Newsweek, 10/1/01] Dec 1998: A Time magazine cover story entitled The Hunt for racism Osama, reports that bin Laden may be planning his boldest move yet - a strike on Washington or possibly New York City. Contact Chris. [Time, 12/21/98] Late 1998-Early 2000: On at least three occasions, spies in Afghanistan report bin Laden's location. Word Essay Contest. Each time, the president approves an attack. Each time, the contact thesis CIA Director says the information is not reliable enough and thesis the attack cannot go forward. [New York Times, 12/30/01, more] Sept 1999: A US intelligence report states bin Laden and Al-Qaeda terrorists could crash an aircraft into the Pentagon. The Bush administration claims not to have heard of this report until May 2002, though it was widely shared within the government. [CNN, 5/18/02, AP, 5/18/02, Guardian, 5/19/02] Nov 1999: The head of chris thesis, Australia's security services admits the Echelon global surveillance system exists. The US still denies it exists.
BBC describes Echelon's power as astounding. Every international telephone call, fax, e-mail, or radio transmission can be listened to by powerful computers capable of 1000, voice recognition. They home in on key words, or patterns of messages. Contact Pearson Thesis. [BBC, 11/3/99] Jan 2000: George Bush Sr. meets with the racism essay bin Laden family on behalf of the chris pearson thesis Carlyle Group. He also met with them in 1998. Bush's chief of staff could not remember that this meeting took place until shown a thank you note confirming the meeting. [Wall Street Journal, 9/27/01, Guardian, 10/31/01] Summer 2000: A secret military operation named Able Danger identifies four future 9/11 hijackers, including lead hijacker Mohamed Atta, as a potential threat and members of school, Al Qaeda. Yet none of this is mentioned later in contact pearson the 9/11 Commissions' final report. When questioned, the 9/11 commission's chief spokesman initially says that staff members briefed about Able Danger did not remember hearing anything about Atta. Days later, however, after provided detailed information, he says the uniformed officer who briefed two staff members had indeed mentioned Atta. Amazon College Application Essay. [New York Times, 8/11/05, more] Sept 2000: The think-tank Project for the New American Century (PNAC) writes the blueprint for a global Pax Americana. Written for contact the Bush team before the 2000 election, Rebuilding America's Defenses is a plan for maintaining global US preeminence and shaping the international security order in line with American principles and interests.
The plan shows Bush intends to take control of the college application essay Persian Gulf whether or not Saddam Hussein is in chris pearson thesis power. It advocates the transformation of the US military. Word Essay Contest. But, the process of transformation, even if it brings revolutionary change, is likely to be a long one, absent some catastrophic and catalyzing event - like a new Pearl Harbour. [BBC, 2/14/07, Sunday Herald, 9/7/02, read report, more] 2000 - 2001: The military conducts exercises simulating what the White House later says is unimaginable: hijacked airliners used as weapons to crash into targets and cause mass casualties. One imagined target is the chris thesis WTC. [USA Today, 4/19/04] Another is the Pentagon. [Military District of Washington (Army), 11/3/00] Jan 2001: A flight school alerts the FAA. Ben Bernanke Undergraduate Thesis. Hijacker Hani Hanjour lacks English and flying skills needed for pearson his commercial pilot's license. Ben Bernanke. An FAA official then sits next to him in class. The official offers a translator to help him pass, but the flight school says this is against the rules. Contact. [AP, 5/10/02] Yet despite poor flying skills, official reports later state Hanjour executes a 330 to 360 degree turn of amazon college application, AA Flight 77 over Washington on 9/11 in under four minutes and manages a precision hit on the Pentagon. [NY Times, 10/16/01, NTSB, 2/19/02] Jan 2001: After the contact chris pearson thesis elections, US intelligence agencies are told to back off investigating the essay bin Ladens and pearson thesis Saudi royals. College Application. There have always been constraints on investigating Saudis. [BBC, 11/6/01, more] Spring 2001: Military and government documents are released that seek to legitimize the use of US military force in the pursuit of contact chris pearson thesis, oil. One article advocates presidential subterfuge in the promotion of amazon application, conflict and explicitly urge[s] painting over pearson the US's actual reasons for ben bernanke undergraduate warfare as a necessity for mobilizing public support for a conflict. [Sydney Morning Herald, 12/26/02, more] May 2001: US security chiefs reject Sudan's offer to turn over voluminous files about bin Laden and al-Qaeda.
Sudan has made this offer repeatedly since 1995. Contact Chris Pearson. [Guardian, 9/30/01, more] May 2001: Secretary of State Powell gives $43 million in aid to the Taliban government. 1000 Essay. [Los Angeles Times, 5/22/01, CNN 5/17/01] This follows $113 million given in 2000. [State Dept. Fact Sheet, 12/11/01] May 2001: The US introduces Visa Express program allowing any Saudi Arabian to obtain visas through their travel agent instead of appearing at a consulate in person. Pearson Thesis. [US News and World Report, 12/12/01] Five hijackers use Visa Express to enter the 1000 contest US. [Congressional Intelligence Committee, 9/20/02] May-Aug 2001: A number of the 9/11 hijackers make at least six trips to Las Vegas. These fundamentalist Muslims drink alcohol, frequent strip clubs, and smoke hashish. Some even have strippers perform lap dances for chris pearson them. [San Francisco Chronicle, 10/4/01, Newsweek, 10/15/01] June 13, 2001: Egyptian President Mubarak through his intelligence services warns the US that bin Laden's Islamic terrorist network is threatening to kill Bush and sars research paper other G8 leaders at their July economic summit meeting in Italy. The terrorists plan to use a plane stuffed with explosives. [NY Times, 9/26/01] June 28, 2001 : CIA Director George J. Tenet has been nearly frantic with concern. A written intelligence summary for national security adviser Condoleezza Rice says: It is pearson thesis highly likely that a significant al Qaeda attack is in the near future, within several weeks. Rice will later claim that everyone was taken by complete surprise by the 9/11 attack.
By late summer, one senior political appointee says, Tenet had repeated this threat so often that people got tired of amazon application, hearing it. [Washington Post, 5/17/02] July 4-14, 2001: Bin Laden reportedly receives kidney treatment from Canadian-trained Dr. Callaway at the American Hospital in Dubai. Telephoned several times, the doctor declines to answer questions. During his stay, bin Laden allegedly is visited by contact chris thesis, one or two CIA officers. [Guardian, 11/1/01, Sydney Morning Herald, 10/31/01, Times of London, 11/1/01, UPI, 11/1/01, more] July 10, 2001: A Phoenix FBI agent sends a memorandum warning about undergraduate thesis Middle Eastern men taking flight lessons. Pearson. He suspects bin Laden's followers and recommends a national program to check visas of suspicious flight-school students. The memo is sent to two FBI counter-terrorism offices, but no action is taken. [New York Times, 5/21/02] Vice President Cheney says in May 2002 that he opposes releasing this memo to congressional leaders or to the media and public. [CNN, 5/20/02] July 24, 2001: Larry Silverstein's $3.2 billion 99-year lease of the WTC is finalized. Silverstein hopes to amazon college application essay, win $7 billion in insurance from the destruction of the contact chris thesis WTC towers. Amazon College Application. [NY Times, 02/16/03, Newsday, 09/25/02] July 26, 2001: Attorney General Ashcroft stops flying commercial airlines due to a threat assessment. Contact Pearson Thesis. [CBS, 7/26/01] He later walks out of his office rather than answer questions about this. [AP, 5/16/02, more] Late July 2001: The US and UN ignore warnings from the racism Taliban foreign minister that bin Laden is planning an imminent huge attack on US soil. The FBI and contact chris CIA also fail to take seriously warnings that Islamic fundamentalists have enrolled in flight schools across the racism in politics essay US. [Independent, 9/7/02, more] Summer 2001: Intelligence officials know that al Qaeda both hopes to use planes as weapons and seeks to strike a violent blow within the US, despite government claims following 9/11 that the contact World Trade Center and Pentagon attacks came like bolts from the blue. [Wall Street Journal, 09/19/02, CNN, 9/12/02] Summer 2001: Russian President Putin later says publicly that he ordered his intelligence agencies to coursework, alert the US of suicide pilots training for attacks on US targets. [Fox, 5/17/02] Late summer 2001: Jordanian intelligence agents go to Washington to warn that a major attack is planned inside the US and that aircraft will be used. Christian Science Monitor calls the story confidently authenticated even though Jordan later backs away from it. Chris Pearson. [CS Monitor, 5/23/02] Aug 5-11, 2001: Israel warns US of an imminent Al Qaeda attack. [Fox News, 5/17/02] Aug 6, 2001: President Bush is warned by US intelligence that bin Laden might be planning to hijack commercial airliners.
The White House waits eight months after 9/11 to reveal this fact. [New York Times, 5/16/02] Titled Bin Ladin Determined To Strike in US, the intelligence briefing specifically mentions the World Trade Center. Yet Bush later states the briefing said nothing about an attack on America. [CNN, 4/12/04, Washington Post, 4/12/04, White House, 4/11/04, CNN, 4/10/04, Intelligence Briefing, 8/6/01, more] Aug 22, 2001: Top counter-terrorism expert John O'Neill quits the FBI due to repeated obstruction of his al-Qaeda investigations and a power play against him. He was the ben bernanke government's most committed tracker of thesis, bin Laden and al-Qaeda. The next day he starts a new job as head of security at the WTC. He is killed weeks later in the World Trade Center during the 9/11 attack. [New Yorker, 1/14/02] Aug 24, 2001: Frustrated with lack of response from 1000 essay contest FBI headquarters about detained suspect Moussaoui, the Minnesota FBI begins working with the CIA. The CIA sends alerts calling him a suspect 747 airline suicide hijacker. Three days later an chris pearson, FBI Minnesota supervisor says he is trying to make sure that Moussaoui does not take control of a plane and fly it into the World Trade Center. College Application. [Senate Intelligence Committee, 10/17/02] FBI headquarters chastises Minnesota FBI for notifying the contact thesis CIA. [Time, 5/21/02] FBI Director Mueller will later say there was nothing the agency could have done to anticipate and prevent the [9/11] attacks. [Senate Intelligence Committee, 9/18/02, more] Sept 10, 2001: A particularly urgent warning may have been received the night before the attacks, causing some top Pentagon brass to cancel a trip. Why that same information was not available to the 266 people who died aboard the four hijacked commercial aircraft may become a hot topic on the Hill. [Newsweek, 9/13/01] A group of top Pentagon officials suddenly canceled travel plans for the next morning, apparently because of security concerns. [Newsweek, 9/24/01, more] Sept 10, 2001: Former president Bush is with a brother of Osama bin Laden at a Carlyle business conference. 1000 Contest. The conference is interrupted the next day by the attacks. [Washington Post, 3/16/03] Sept 10, 2001: Defense Secretary Rumsfeld announces that by some estimates the contact pearson Department of Defense cannot track $2.3 trillion in contest transactions. Contact Pearson. CBS later calculates that 25% of the english yearly defense budget is unaccounted for. A defense analyst says, The books are cooked routinely year after year. [DOD, 9/10/01, CBS, 1/29/02] This announcement was buried by the next day's news of 9/11.
September 11, 2001. Contact Chris Thesis. Sept 11, 2001: Warren Buffett, the second richest man on Earth [BBC, 6/22/01], schedules a charity event inside Offutt Air Force Base in Nebraska. A small group of business leaders attend, including at least one who would otherwise have died in the WTC. Amazon College. [SF Business Times, 2/1/02, Forbes 10/15/01] Bush flies to contact thesis, this same base that day, where there is an underground command center. Word Contest. [CNN, 9/12/01, CBS, 9/11/02] Sept 11, 2001: Recovery experts extract data from chris pearson 32 WTC computer drives revealing a surge in financial transactions. Illegal transfers of over $100 million may have been made through some WTC computer systems immediately before and during the disaster. [Reuters, 12/18/01, CNN, 12/20/01, more] Sept 11, 2001: In what the government describes as a bizarre coincidence, a US intelligence agency (the National Reconnaissance Office or NRO) was all set for an exercise at 9 AM on September 11th in which an aircraft would crash into one of its buildings near Washington, DC. [AP, 8/22/02] Four wargames were also in progress at the time of the attacks. [C-SPAN Congressional Testimony, 3/11/05, more] Sept 11, 2001: The entire continental United States is defended by only seven air bases and 14 military jets. [CNN, 9/9/03, Newsday, 9/23/01] Timeline for sars research the Day of the pearson thesis Attacks. Department of Defense (6/1/01) and FAA (7/12/01) procedure: In the event of undergraduate, a hijacking, the FAA hijack coordinator on contact pearson thesis, duty at Washington headquarters requests the military to provide escort aircraft. Normally, NORAD escort aircraft take the required action. The FAA notifies the National Military Command Center by in politics, the most expeditious means. [DOD/, 6/1/01, FAA, 7/12/01, FAA 7/12/01] If NORAD (North American Aerospace Defense Command) hears of any difficulties in the skies, they begin the work to scramble jet fighters [ take off and pearson intercept aircraft that are off course ]. Between Sep 2000 and amazon essay June 2001 fighters were scrambled 67 times. [AP, 8/12/02] When the Lear jet of golfer Payne Stewart didn't respond in 1999, F-16 interceptors were quickly dispatched.
According to an Air Force timeline, a series of military planes provided an emergency escort to Payne's stricken Lear about 20 minutes after ground controllers lost contact with his plane. [Dallas Morning News, 10/26/99, more] 8:20 AM (est.): Air traffic controllers suspect Flight 11 has been hijacked. [NY Times, 9/15/01, more] 8:46 AM: Flight 11 crashes into contact thesis, the WTC (World Trade Center) north tower. [ approximately 26 minutes after controllers lost contact ][New York Times, 9/12/01] 8:46 AM: President Bush later states, I was sitting outside the classroom and I saw an airplane hit the tower. The TV was on. [CNN, 12/4/01] When we walked into nursing coursework, the classroom, I had seen this plane fly into contact chris pearson thesis, the first building. [White House, 1/5/02] There was no live coverage of the first crash on TV and nursing President Bush was in a classroom reading with children at chris pearson, the time of the 1000 second crash. How could he possibly have seen an airplane hit the tower? 8:52 AM: Two F-15s take off from Otis Air Force Base. [Washington Post, 9/15/01] They go after Flight 175. Major General Paul Weaver, director of the chris pearson thesis Air National Guard, states the pilots flew like a scalded ape, topping 500 mph but were unable to catch up to the airliner.
We had a nine-minute window, and in excess of 100 miles to intercept 175,'' he said. ''There was just literally no way.'' [Dallas Morning News, 9/15/01] F-15's fly at up to 2.5 times the speed of sound [ 1875 mph or 30+ miles a minute or 270+ miles in nine minutes ] and amazon college are designed for low-altitude, high-speed, precision attacks . [BBC] 8:56 AM: By this time, it is chris thesis evident that Flight 77 is lost. The FAA, already in amazon college essay contact with the Pentagon about the two hijackings out of Boston, reportedly doesn't notify NORAD of this until 9:24, 28 minutes later . [ see 9:10 AM for comparison , New York Times, 10/16/01] 9:03 AM: Flight 175 crashes into the south WTC tower. [ 23 minutes after NORAD notified, 43 minutes after air traffic control lost contact with pilots ][New York Times, 9/12/01, CNN, 9/12/01] 9:10 AM: Major General Paul Weaver states Flight 77 came back on chris pearson, the (radar) scope at 9:10 in West Virginia. [Dallas Morning News, 9/15/01] Another report states the ben bernanke thesis military was notified of Flight 77 several minutes after 9:03. [Washington Post, 9/15/01] 9:24 AM [ ? - see above ] : The FAA, who 28 minutes earlier had discovered Flight 77 off course and heading east over West Virginia, reportedly notifies NORAD. A Pentagon spokesman says, The Pentagon was simply not aware that this aircraft was coming our way. Contact Chris Pearson Thesis. [Newsday, 9/23/01, New York Times, 10/16/01] Yet since the first crash, military officials in a Pentagon command center were urgently talking to amazon essay, law enforcement and air traffic control officials about what to contact pearson, do. [New York Times, 9/15/01] 9:28 AM: Air traffic control learns that Flight 93 has been hijacked. [MSNBC, 7/30/02] 9:38 AM: Flight 77 crashes into the Pentagon. [ 42 minutes or more after contact was lost, one hour after NORAD notification of first hijacking ][New York Times, 10/16/01, 9:43 CNN, 9/12/01] 9:59 AM: The south tower of the World Trade Center collapses. [New York Times, 9/12/01] 10:10 AM: Flight 93 crashes in Pennsylvania. [ 42 minutes after contact was lost, 90 minutes after NORAD notification of first hijacking. What happened to english essay translation, sophisticated military radar systems and jet fighter scramble procedures? ] [CNN, 9/12/02] 10:28 AM: The World Trade Center north tower collapses. Contact Chris Thesis. [CNN, 9/12/01, NY Times, 9/12/01] 5:20 PM: WTC building 7 collapses. Word Essay. [CNN, 9/12/01] Though the media claims fires brought the building down, the building's owner Larry Silverstein later recounts the chris pearson thesis story of the collapse of essay, this 47-story skyscraper in contact chris pearson thesis a PBS documentary America Rebuilds , I remember getting a call from the 1000 word contest fire department commander. . I said . maybe the smartest thing to do is to pull it. Contact Chris Thesis. And they made that decision to pull, and then we watched the in politics essay building collapse.
Over 2,000 architects and engineers later claim that contrary to the U.S. Contact Pearson Thesis. government's official story, it must have been controlled demolition. [PBS Documentary, 2nd PBS Documentary, more] Sept 11, 2001: Did the Air Force send up planes after the undergraduate hijacked aircraft? The Air Force won't say. It says they keep about 20 F-15 and F-16 fighters on duty with Air National Guards along the nation's coastline, ready to inspect unknown aircraft entering U.S. Thesis. airspace. Word Contest. We can scramble and be airborne in a matter of minutes, said an contact chris pearson thesis, Air Force spokesperson. Some airline pilots are wondering whether the FAA did enough to try to prevent the crashes. [Wall Street Journal, 09/14/01] Sept 11, 2001: Six air traffic controllers who dealt with two of the hijacked airliners make a tape recording describing the events, but the ben bernanke thesis tape is later destroyed by a supervisor without anyone making a transcript or even listening to it. Chris. [Washington Post, 5/6/04, New York Times, 5/6/04] Sept 11, 2001: Hours after the attacks, a shadow government is formed. Key congressional leaders say they didn't know President Bush had established this government-in-waiting. Some Congressmen state the administration should have conferred about its plans. [CBS, 3/2/02, Washington Post, 3/2/02, more] Sept 11, 2001: A National Public Radio correspondent states: I spoke with Congressman Ike Skelton who said that just recently the director of the CIA warned that there could be an english to french essay translation, attack - an imminent attack - on contact pearson, the United States of sars research, this nature. So this is not entirely unexpected. [NPR, 9/11/01] Sept 12, 2001: Senator Orrin Hatch says the US was monitoring bin Laden supporters and overheard them discussing the attack. [AP, 9/12/01] Why has the media not explored the fact that the US could monitor private communications of al-Qaeda on chris, 9/11? Sept 13-19, 2001: Members of bin Laden's family are driven or flown under FBI supervision to application, a secret assembly point in Texas and then to Washington, where they leave the country on chris pearson thesis, a private plane when most flights were still grounded. Top White House officials personally approve these evacuations. Amazon Application. [New York Times, 9/4/03, Boston Globe, 9/20/01, New York Times, 9/30/01, more] Sept 14, 2001: The two black boxes for Flight 77 are found. [PBS, 9/14/01] FBI Director Robert Mueller later says Flight 77's data recorder provides altitude, speed, headings and other information, but the chris voice recorder contains nothing useful. [CBS, 2/23/02] Yet they refuse to english to french, release the thesis recordings.
Sept 15-16, 2001: U.S. military sources give the FBI information that several of the 9/11 hijackers, including leader Mohamed Atta, may have received training at U.S. military installations. Three hijackers listed their address on drivers licenses and car registrations as the Naval Air Station in Pensacola, Fla. Atta graduated from the US International Officers School at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. The media drops the story after the Air Force issues a statement saying that while the amazon application essay names are similar, we are probably not talking about the same people. [Newsweek, 9/15/01, Washington Post, 9/16/01, Los Angeles Times, 9/15/01, more] Yet the military provides no detailed information to refute the claims in these articles. Contact Chris Pearson Thesis. Sept 19, 2001: The FBI claims that there may have been six hijacking teams on the morning of 9/11. [New York Times, 9/19/01] Authorities have identified teams that total as many as 50 infiltrators who supported or carried out the strikes. College. About 40 of the men have been accounted for. [Los Angeles Times, 9/13/01] Yet only one person, Moussaoui, is later charged.
Sept 20-23, 2001: Five of the alleged hijackers have emerged, alive, innocent and astonished to see their names and photographs appearing on satellite television. . The hijackers were using stolen identities, and investigators are studying the possibility that the contact chris entire suicide squad consisted of impostors. Racism Essay. [quote from London Times , 9/20/01, see also BBC]. Yet these same individuals are later officially established as the 9/11 hijackers in contact thesis the 2004 9/11 Commission Report. For more on nursing school coursework, this, click here. Oct 2, 2001: The Patriot Act is introduced in Congress. Contact Pearson. The next day, Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy (D) accuses the Bush administration of nursing, reneging on chris thesis, an agreement on this anti-terrorist bill. [Washington Post, 10/4/01] Anthrax letters are sent to essay, Leahy and Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle (D) on October 9. Contact Chris. [ CNN, 11/18/01 ] Oct 10-11, 2001: After consulting with the FBI and to french CDC, Iowa State University in Ames destroys anthrax spores collected over seven decades. On Oct 25, the White House homeland security director confirms publicly the anthrax letters sent to Leahy and others contained the Ames strain. Contact Thesis. [New York Times, 11/9/01] Dec 2001: The US engineers the rise to 1000 word essay, power of a former Unocal Oil employee, Hamid Karzai, as the pearson thesis interim president of Afghanistan. Looking at the map of the big US bases in Afghanistan, one is nursing school struck that they are identical to the route of the thesis projected oil pipeline. [Chicago Tribune, 3/18/02, more] Dec 25, 2001: Leading structural engineers and fire-safety experts believe the investigation into the collapse of the WTC is inadequate. They note that the current team of 20 or so investigators has inadequate financial and amazon application staff support, has been prevented from interviewing witnesses and from examining the chris pearson thesis disaster site. Research Paper. They couldn't even get detailed blueprints of the World Trade Center. The decision to rapidly recycle the steel beams from the WTC means definitive answers may never be known. [New York Times, 12/25/01] Jan 1, 2002: Zalamy Khalilzad is pearson appointed by Bush as special envoy to Afghanistan. [BBC, 1/1/02, Chicago Tribune, 3/18/02] Khalilzad once lobbied for the Taliban and worked for an American oil company that sought concessions for pipelines in Afghanistan. In Politics. [Independent, 1/10/02] Jan 4, 2002: An editorial in the respected trade magazine Fire Engineering states that there is chris pearson good reason to believe that the nursing school official investigation, blessed by FEMA, into pearson, the WTC collapse is a half-baked farce that may already have been commandeered by political forces whose primary interests are clearly not full disclosure.
Respected members of the fire protection engineering community are beginning to raise red flags, and word a resonating theory has emerged: The structural damage from the planes and the explosive ignition of jet fuel in themselves were not enough to bring down the towers. Thesis. [Fire Engineering, 1/02] Jan 24, 2002: Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle claims that on this day Cheney calls him and urges that no 9/11 inquiry be made. He is repeatedly pressured thereafter. [CNN, 1/29/02, Newsweek, 2/4/02, more] Feb 6, 2002: CIA Director Tenet tells a Senate hearing that there was no 9/11 intelligence failure. When asked about the CIA on 9/11, he states that the 9/11 plot was in the heads of three or four people. He rejects any suggestion that the CIA failed to amazon, do its job. [USA Today, 2/7/02] Feb 21, 2002: A ban on poppy growing by the Taliban in July 2000 along with severe droughts reduced Afghanistan's opium yield by contact pearson thesis, 91% in 2001. Yet the UN expects its 2002 opium crop to be equivalent to the bumper one of 1000 word essay contest, three years ago. Afghanistan is the contact thesis source of 75% of the world's heroin. [Guardian, 2/21/02] Why is the US unable to amazon college application, control opium production which had almost stopped? Mar 2, 2002: The 9/11 collapse of the 47-story WTC building 7 was the first time a modern, steel-reinforced high-rise in the US has ever collapsed in a fire. [New York Times, 3/2/02] Building 7 was where the SEC was storing files related to chris pearson thesis, numerous Wall Street investigations. The files for approximately 3,000 to 4,000 cases were destroyed. [National Law Journal, 9/17/01] Lost files include documents that could show the relationship between Citigroup and the WorldCom bankruptcy. Word Contest. [The Street, 8/9/02, more] Mar 13, 2002: Bush says of chris, bin Laden: I truly am not that concerned about him. Contest. [White House, 3/13/02] Military chief Myers states: the goal has never been to get bin Laden. Chris. [CNN/DOD, 4/6/02] Apr 19, 2002: FBI Director Mueller: We have not uncovered a single piece of word contest, paper that mentioned any aspect of the contact thesis 9/11 plot. 1000 Contest. The hijackers had no computers, no laptops, no storage media of any kind. [FBI, 4/19/02, Los Angeles Times, 4/30/02] Yet investigators have amassed a ''substantial'' amount of chris thesis, e-mail traffic among the hijackers. English Translation. [USA Today, 10/1/01] The laptop computer of contact thesis, Moussaoui, the alleged 20th hijacker, was confiscated weeks before 9/11, yet FBI headquarters systematically dismissed and undermined requests by Minneapolis FBI agents to search the computer. [Time, 5/21/02, CNN, 5/27/02] May 15, 2002: For the first time, the White House admits that Bush was warned about bin Laden hijacking aircraft and wanting to attack the US in Aug 2001.
It is college unclear why they waited eight months to reveal this. The Press Secretary states that while Bush had been warned of possible hijackings, the president did not receive information about the use of airplanes as missiles by contact, suicide bombers. Yet the August presidential memo left little doubt that the racism hijacked airliners were intended for use as missiles and contact chris thesis that US targets were intended. [New York Times, 5/16/02, Washington Post, 5/16/02, Guardian, 5/19/02] May 17, 2002: Dan Rather says that he and other journalists haven't been properly investigating since 9/11. He graphically describes the pressures to conform after the attacks. [Guardian, 5/17/02, more] May 21, 2002: A memo is released in which Minnesota FBI agent Coleen Rowley writes to FBI Director Mueller, I have deep concerns that a delicate and subtle shading/skewing of sars, facts by you and others at contact pearson, the highest levels of FBI management has occurred and is occurring. [Time, 5/21/02] CNN calls the memo a colossal indictment of our chief law-enforcement agency. Amazon College Application. [CNN, 5/27/02] Time magazine later names Rowley one of three Persons of the contact chris Year for 2002. [Time, 12/22/02] May 23, 2002: President Bush says he is essay opposed to establishing a special, independent commission to probe how the government dealt with terror warnings before 9/11. [CBS, 5/23/02] May 30, 2002: FBI Agent Robert Wright formally accuses the contact pearson thesis FBI of deliberately curtailing investigations that might have prevented 9/11. He is under threat of racism in politics, retribution if he talks to members of Congress about chris pearson thesis what he knows. Nursing. [Fox News/Reuters, 5/30/02, more] He also accuses the contact chris thesis agency of shutting down his 1998 criminal probe into paper, alleged terrorist-training camps in Chicago and pearson thesis Kansas City. Wright has written a book, but the agency won't let him publish it or even give it to thesis, anyone. [LA Weekly, 8/2/02] July 23, 2002: The New York City government decides that many of the audio and written records of the Fire Department's actions on chris thesis, 9/11 should never be released. The New York Times had filed a lawsuit seeking numerous records concerning the essay terrorist attack on the World Trade Center, including firsthand accounts by scores of chris, firefighters and chiefs. [New York Times, 7/23/02] Sept 11, 2002: On the first anniversary of 9/11, New York Times writes, One year later, the public knows less about the circumstances of racism in politics, 2,801 deaths at the foot of contact chris pearson thesis, Manhattan in broad daylight than people in 1912 knew within weeks about the Titanic. The former police commissioner of Philadelphia says: You can hardly point to a cataclysmic event in racism in politics our history when a blue-ribbon panel did not set out to establish the facts and suggest reforms. That has not happened here. Contact Chris Thesis. [New York Times, 9/11/02] Oct 5, 2002: Congressional investigators say the FBI's efforts to 1000 essay contest, block their inquiry makes them skeptical of FBI assertions. Pearson Thesis. They also say the Justice Department has joined the FBI in racism fighting congressional requests for information, while the CIA has been antagonistic. [ New York Times, 10/5/02 ] Oct 16, 2002: The CIA, FBI, and NSA all testify that no individual at contact pearson, their agencies has been punished or fired for undergraduate any of the missteps surrounding the Sept.
11 attacks. [Washington Post, 10/18/02] Oct 21, 2002: No more than six of the contact thesis 19 hijackers were interviewed by US officials before being granted visas. This contradicts the ben bernanke undergraduate State Department's claim that 12 had been interviewed. Of 15 hijackers, none filled in contact the visa documents properly. A ll 15 of english to french translation, them should have been denied entry to the country. The system was rigged in their favor from the thesis get-go. [Washington Post, 10/22/02, ABC News, 10/23/02] In December 2002, two top Republican senators report that if State Department personnel had merely followed the undergraduate thesis law in Saudi Arabia, 9/11 would not have happened. [AP, 12/18/02, more] Oct 27, 2002: A report from contact chris thesis Defense Secretary Rumsfeld's Defense Science Board recommends the creation of thesis, a super-intelligence body (P2OG) which would launch secret operations to stimulate reactions among terrorists and states owning weapons of mass destruction. It would prod terrorist cells into action, thus exposing them to contact chris, quick-response attacks by US forces. Amazon College Application Essay. [Los Angeles Times, 10/27/02, more] Oct 29, 2002: Of over 800 people rounded up since 9/11, only 10 have been linked to pearson thesis, the hijackings and probably will turn out to be innocent. [Newsweek, 10/29/02] Though many were held for months, the vast majority were never charged with anything other than overstaying a visa. 1000 Word Essay. [New York Times, 7/11/02] Nov 27, 2002: Bush names Henry Kissinger to lead an independent investigation into the 9/11 terrorist attacks. [New York Times, 11/28/02] He is a highly controversial figure. Documents released by the CIA strengthen suspicions that Kissinger was actively involved in a covert plan to assassinate thousands of contact pearson, political opponents in six Latin American countries.
He is also famous for english essay translation his obsession with secrecy. Contact Chris Thesis. [BBC, 4/26/02] Indeed, it is tempting to wonder if the choice of Mr. Kissinger is not a clever maneuver by the White House to english to french essay, contain an chris thesis, investigation it long opposed. [New York Times, 11/29/02] Dec 13, 2002: Kissinger resigns as chairman of the new 9/11 investigation citing controversy over potential conflicts of interest with his business clients. Racism Essay. [CNN, 12/13/02, BBC, 12/14/02] Dec 16, 2002: Bush replaces Kissinger with Thomas Kean as chairman. Kean promises a thorough investigation. [AP, 12/17/02] He will devote one day a week to contact chris, the commission. [Washington Post, 12/17/02] Jan 13, 2003: The worldwide turmoil caused by US government policies goes not exactly unreported, but entirely de-emphasized. Guardian writers are inundated by 1000 word essay, e-mails from Americans asking why their own papers never print what is in UK papers. If there is a Watergate scandal lurking in contact pearson thesis this administration, it is unlikely to be [ Washington Post 's Bob] Woodward or his colleagues who will tell us about english to french essay translation it. If it emerges, it will probably come out on the web. That is a devastating indictment of the state of American newspapers. Thesis. [Guardian, 1/13/03] March 26, 2003: Though the investigation into the space shuttle Columbia tragedy cost $50 million and the Ken Starr investigation of Whitewater and Monica Lewinsky ran $64 million, the word essay contest White House balks at increasing funding beyond $3 million for the 9/11 Commission's investigation into the worst terror attack ever. The latest effort to curtail funding has angered victims of the chris pearson thesis attacks. The White House decision was another in a long line of efforts to water down or shrink the panel's role. [Time, 3/26/03, MSNBC, 9/20/06]
July 22, 2004: The 9/11 Commission Report is published. It fails to contest, mention that a year before the 9/11 attacks, a secret Pentagon project named Able Danger had identified four 9/11 hijackers, including leader Mohamed Atta. Contact Pearson Thesis. The Commission spokesperson initially states members were not informed of this, but later acknowledges they were. [New York Times, 8/11/05, more] The report also completely fails to investigate the collapse of WTC 7. Nov 19, 2004: The fear that Afghanistan might degenerate into a narco-state is becoming a reality. Afghanistan has surpassed Colombia as the world's biggest gross producer of illicit narcotics, heroin being the main engine of economic growth and 1000 word essay contest the strongest bond among tribes that previously fought constantly. What we have here now is a narco-economy where 40 to 50 percent of the GDP is from illicit drugs. [San Francisco Chronicle, 11/19/04] How does a country controlled by the US become the largest producer of contact thesis, illegal drugs? For a possible answer, click here.
Nov 17, 2005: Former FBI Director Louis Freeh: The Able Danger intelligence, if confirmed, is undoubtedly the most relevant fact of the entire post-9/11 inquiry. Yet the 9/11 Commission inexplicably concluded that it 'was not historically significant.' This astounding conclusionin combination with the racism in politics failure to pearson thesis, investigate Able Danger . raises serious challenges to the commission's credibility and, if the 1000 word facts prove out, might just render the contact chris pearson thesis commission historically insignificant itself. [Wall Street Journal, 11/17/05, more] 2004 - 2005: A growing number of top government officials and public leaders express disbelief in the official story of 9/11. Some even believe 9/11 may have been an inside job. College. 100 prominent leaders and forty 9/11 family members sign a statement calling for an unbiased inquiry into evidence that suggests high-level government officials may have deliberately allowed the attacks to occur. [Various Publications] August 9, 2006: A shocking new book by the 9/11 Commission co-chairmen Thomas Kean and Lee Hamilton says we still don't know the chris thesis whole truth about 9/11. 1000 Word. The book outlines repeated misstatements by the Pentagon and the FAA. Untruethe military's original timeline of contact chris thesis, United Flight 93. Equally untrue, the government's timeline for American Flight 77 and details about fighter jets scrambled to intercept it. CNN News anchor Lou Dobbs: The fact that the government would permit deception . and perpetuate the lie suggests that we need a full investigation of what is going on. [CNN, 8/9/06 , MSNBC/AP, 8/4/06, more] 2006-2014: Over 50 senior government officials from the military, intelligence, Cabinet and Congress, and over 100 highly respected professors, including engineers, physicists, architects, philosophers and theologians publicly criticize The 9/11 Commission Report as flawed, and call for a new, independent investigation. Over 2,000 architects and engineers have created a website calling for a new investigation. Some even claim rogue elements of government were involved in coursework the attacks. [Officials, Professors, Architects and Engineers] (Our team has verified this entire 10-page 9/11 timeline, but not the longer summaries) For a powerful, engaging video revealing lots more: www.WantToKnow.info/911video.
For other reliable 9/11 resources and what you can do: 9/11 information center. Contact Thesis. Subscribe here to our free email list for two information-packed emails per ben bernanke undergraduate thesis, week. WantToKnow.info is a PEERS empowerment website. Contact Pearson Thesis. Dedicated to the greatest good of all who share our beautiful world
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The essay will interpret inequalities in health among the sub. In order to answer the proposed question this essay will first look at methods of measuring inequalities in health such as morbidity and mortality data and health service use. Black et al. will evaluate the pearson thesis validity of these measures. The essay will interpret inequalities in to french essay translation health among the sub-populations of contact chris, socio-economic class position, geographical location, gender and ethnicity, using relevant data from 'Our Healthier Nation' 1998 (OHN), 'Saving Lives: Our Healthier Nation' 1999 (SLOHN) and the Health and to french Lifestyles Survey. In relation to social class inequalities in contact chris pearson thesis health both the Registrar General and the SEC method of measurement shall be interpreted. Explanations for inequalities in health among social classes will include the behavioural argument, suggesting individual blame for poor health, analysed by Jones (1994). This argument will be refuted by Busfield (2001), Black et al. , Moon and Gillespie (1995), Ham (1999) and sars paper the Acheson Report (1998) who suggest that material circumstances, such as poverty, low wages, occupational stress, unemployment, poor housing, poor education and limited access to pearson thesis transport and shops are pertinent explanations for nursing school, health inequalities among different socio-economic groups. A further argument proposed by contact chris, Illsely (1995) considers the role of 1000, ill health in distributing people into different occupation situations and thus affecting their health appropriately.
Geographical location and variations in health between the north and contact pearson the south of the British isles, shall be looked at by Graham (2001), who considers explanations such as de-industrialisation and paper lower socio-economic position to be responsible for chris thesis, health variations in different geographical locations. Macintyre (2001) looks at the effects of 'gender blind' research, in hiding higher inequalities between men and women, whilst, Furher et al. (1999) analyse explanations of support networks in explaining differing health among the sexes. Arber and Gilbert (1992) look at women's position in the labour market and family responsibilities and how this effects their socio-economic position in 1000 relation to men and how this contributes to their different health status. In relation to pearson ethnicity, inequality explanations include differing socio-economic positions (Navarro, 1990) continued disadvantage after migration and ben bernanke individual discrimination (Abbotts et al., 2001) racism in the NHS and genetic characteristics (Jones 1994). Each of these inequalities shall be looked at in relation to contact chris pearson government policy documents and their aptness in dealing with health inequalities shall be analysed. Barton and Bloor (2000) shall look at how government policies could improve the situation. Research focuses on different aspects, to monitor health inequalities. This includes health status, shown by indicators such as morbidity and mortality that can be indicated by usage, access and take up of health services as well as levels of general sickness in the population. Paper! (Lecture 7, 18/02/03) Each of these measurements however has its limitations. For example dependency on mortality rates can induce comparative indifference towards problems of chronic illness from illnesses that do not kill people but lower their well-being and thus distort results. (Black et al., 1982: 37) Morbidity illnesses are also problematic as not all illness, are reported.
Perceptions vary as to contact thesis what it means to be ill and this can affect the amount of illness reported. (Jones, 1994: 175) However because of problems of measurement and the need for time series statistics, precedence has been given to these forms of measurement. (Black et al., 1982: 37) When analysing indicators of health, there can seen to be disproportionate amount of mortality and morbidity in the working class population in comparison with the sars middle class sector of British society. Before reviewing the debate over class inequalities in health, it is contact pearson necessary to be aware of the problematic nature of measuring class. Those writers discussing class inequalities in standards of health usually use the english to french 'Registrar Generals', five-tier classification. It is based on a man or single women's occupation and contact pearson thesis so a married women, is classified according to her husbands occupation, meaning the term has an inherent gender inaccuracy. Nursing Coursework! (Black, 1982: 37) Further problems with this form of measurement is that the information on occupation is obtained from death certificates and can be vague and imprecise, also it may not take into account other jobs held by men throughout their lives that could have had an effect on their health. (Busfield, 2000: 17). A second approach used in research of inequalities in health, according to Jones (1994) to be superior to chris pearson thesis the Registrar Generals approach (1994: 172) is that which is essay used in the General Household Survey (GHS), it is known as the pearson thesis classification of, 'Socio-economic groups' (SEGs). (Lecture 7, 18/02/03) Although this method also has no clear conceptual foundations, it does group occupation according to employment relations and conditions. However this essay will use both measurements in analysis of inequalities in health. Using 1971 mortality data and the Registrar-Generals measure of social class it can be seen, as shown in table one, that mortality levels of nursing, men and contact women of working age in the lowest social class is 2.5 times higher than those in the highest social class. Table 1. Death rates and ratios by social class, 15-64 years, England and Wales, 1971. (Death rates per 1,000 of population) (Busfield, 1994: 17)
Inequalities are also evident in mortality using the SEC classification. Their statistics show that even amongst those who reach 75 years of age there are still significant class differences in mortality with men over 75 years old in the lowest socio-economic group having 50% higher death rate than those in the highest social class. Table 2 shows evidence of this. Employees in routine line occupations have a hazard ratio of 1.30 in research comparison with 0.69 for higher managerial and professional occupations. Table 2. Hazard ratios for mortality for 1986-1995 by SEC, men aged 15-64.
1. Higher managerial and professional. 2. Lower managerial and professional. 3. Intermediate employees c. 5. Lower supervisors, craft and related. 6. Employees in semi-routine occupations. 7. Employees in routine occupations. 8. Never worked/long-term unemployed. (Busfield, 2000: 18). Infant mortality is a useful indicator when assessing health inequalities, because of pearson, its sensitivity to social conditions.
Infant mortality has decreased greatly over the last century. Racism! For example 1841 mortality rates show that 68% of men and 71% of women will survive to the age of 15, this compares with mortality rates for 1994-1996, which show, that 99% of contact chris pearson thesis, both men and women will survive up to the age of 15. (Busfield, 2000: 5) However although there has been a decrease in infant mortality over the last century, this has done little to lessen inequalities in infant mortality rates between the social classes. Our Healthier Nation (OHN) statistics confirm that;. Over half of infant deaths occur in the manual group. Infant mortality rates in social class V are double, those in social class 1. theory.
Information provided by OHN states, that babies with fathers in social class 4 and essay 5 have a birth weight that is on average 130 grams lower than that of babies with fathers in classes 1 and 2.. (reasons for chris thesis, higher infant mortality - behavioural approach. There are a variety of explanations to explain these variations in health among different social classes. One of these explanations is the behavioural/lifestyle approach. (Lecture 8 20/02/03) This analyses, suggests that health can be affected by styles of living and patterns of behaviour and that health differences between classes could be explained by variations in sars research paper their culture of health. (Moon and Gillespie, 1995: 203) Today there is still the pearson belief that; . those who are unthinking, and reckless, lead irresponsible lifestyles which will inevitably make them ill and this is undergraduate thesis why they will die younger. some people stuff themselves with unhealthy, fatty food, they 'smoke like chimneys' and 'drink like fish'. During their non-working hours they are 'couch potatoes ' who do no exercise and they also fail to use preventive services, such as antenatal care and screening. the contact thesis range of unhealthy behaviour could be due to research a disproportionately high number of feckless people in the working class. (Jones, 1994: 176) Results in the 'Infant Feeding Survey' 2000 state that in 1995, 90% of mothers in social class 1 breastfed their babies, in comparison to 50% of those in class 5. OHN claims that breastfeeding decreased the incidence and severity of many infections of infancy and it protects against contact chris pearson respiratory illnesses. The Black Report (Black et al.
1982:49) and application the Health and Lifestyles Survey 1985-86 (OHN) noted that; The most marked gradients are for deaths from. respiratory diseases. If a behavioural/lifestyle approach is to blame then this could explain inequalities in infant mortality rates and respiratory conditions in working class children in comparison with middle class children. Mothers who smoke increase the risk of cot death to their babies. Barker (1998) believes that improving breast-feeding rates of those in lower socio-economic groups will be of contact, a great benefit to 1000 word essay the health of their children and that there is a clear need to develop policies to improve the health of (future) mothers and their children. (Barton and Bloor, 2000: 30) OHN states that the contact pearson thesis death rates for injuries, is five times higher for lower socio-economic groups than for higher. And the occurrence of fires in the home is fifteen times higher again for lower socio-economic groups. Drinking is an important factor in accidents, it is estimated that 40,000 deaths each year could be alcohol related. Amazon Application Essay! The graph below shows that mortality from injury and poisoning (accidents) in children aged 0-15 years by social class in England in Wales is 16.6 per contact 100,000 among those whose father is nursing a professional and 73 per 100,000 among those children whose father is unskilled and of a lower socio-economic position in the labour market. Evidence to chris thesis support the lifestyle/behavioural approach is evident in statistics for sars paper, lung cancer. The incidence and pearson thesis mortality rates in the most deprived groups for nursing school coursework, both men and women are around twice those of the more affluent and the ten major cancers share marked adverse social gradients by social class.
Research suggests that one third of all cancers are the contact chris thesis result of a poor diet. If the incidence of those cancers in people in in politics essay all deprivation categories were as low as those in the most affluent then it is estimated that 20,000 fewer cases of these cancers would be diagnosed each year. OHN statistics show that in 2000 in chris pearson thesis Britain 15% of men in 1000 contest professional socio-economic groups smoked compared to 39% in unskilled manual groups. Contact Thesis! This could when using the behavioural explanation explain why lower socio-economic incidents and mortality from lung cancer are higher. Also there is a lower uptake of health checks and breast and cervical cancer screening among some disadvantaged groups. (OHN) Also women in social class 5 are four times more likely to smoke in pregnancy than those in social class 1, which could reflect lower baby weights among their babies than babies born into families where the father has a professional occupation. In Politics Essay! (OHN)
The Acheson Inquiry in 1998 reported that households in the bottom tenth of the income distribution spend an average of 29% of their disposable income on food compared to 18% of those in contact pearson thesis the top tenth. Those in the lower socio-economic groups spend more on foods richer in energy, high in fat and sugar, which are cheaper per unit of energy than food rich in protective nutrient such as fruit and vegetables. This may help to explain obesity variations in contest social class. Contact Pearson! OHN statistics show that women in social class 5 are five times as likely to be obese than those in social class 1. A further statistic that may be related to obesity is that among lower socio-economic groups unskilled workers are two and college essay a half times less likely to participate in sports than professionals.: There is evidence to contact chris suggest that the 'mortality gap', between those at the top and those at the bottom may be increasing. Of all long-standing illnesses in 1989 the percentage of professionals was 29.1% in comparison to 47.8% of those who are unskilled. Essay! (Moon and contact chris pearson thesis Gillespie, 1995: 200) The culture and behaviour approach however has a 'common sense' appeal and word essay it fits very well with assumptions about human rationality and the capacity for self-control and lifestyle through individual choice.
However it tends to ignore the social and cultural context in which individual behaviour is located. It also tends to 'blame the victims' by focusing on explaining inequalities of health in terms of peoples bad behaviour, whilst ignoring the many reasons why people are often forced to behave in certain ways. (Moon and Gillespie, 1995: 203). The Black Report on contact pearson, 'Inequalities in Health' published in 1980 took a different approach to explaining inequalities in health. The report stressed the college application emphasis of material conditions of life and factors outside the contact chris pearson NHS. (Ham, 1999: 81) Factors such as income, housing and the nature of amazon essay, employment have all fractured working class experiences and need to contact chris pearson thesis be considered. (Black, 1982: 37) The Black Report however was not taken seriously until almost twenty years later. When the results of the essay contest Acheson inquiry were made available in pearson 1998, they not only confirmed the analysis of the ben bernanke undergraduate Black Report, they also found that in some respects inequalities had widened. (Ham, 1999: 84)
Busfield (2000) looks at some of these other explanations, which could be used to explain health inequalities between the classes. Contact Chris! She states that individuals may choose to buy white bread rather than healthier brown bread, because white bread is cheaper and many people cannot access supermarkets where food is of a more healthy nature, such as organic products. In this case an appropriate policy response would be to lower prices of sars paper, healthier foods, which are affordable to all. ((Busfield, 2000: 37) The response under 'Health of the Nation 1998', to educate people about nutritious foods, does little to help people when they still cannot afford to buy the healthier, more expensive option. Busfield (2000) believes that individuals should not be blamed for health inequalities as some individuals do not have a choice and to talk of health related behaviour is misguiding. (Busfield, 2000: 37) Moon and Gillespie (1995) talk about material deprivation. They claim that there are links between class, poverty and inequality in health. For example poverty can make it difficult to afford to warm your house, research has shown that the most significant risks from poor housing are associated with damp, which contributes to diseases of the lung and respiratory system, common in the working class. Under (SLOHN) ?500 million has been allocated to pensioners to chris pearson make winter fuel payments and sars 'A National Licensing System' for houses will help tackle the thesis worst housing conditions. de: Barton and nursing school Bloor (2000) suggest that childhood injuries are closely linked with social deprivation and it is important that effective interventions target those in lower socio-economic classes. There is evidence that safety devices in the home such as smoke detectors, child resistant containers and thermostat control for chris, tap water reduces the risks of injuries in 1000 contest the home. (Barton and Bloor, 2000: 30) However income can affect buying smoke alarms. (OHN) Appropriate policy responses in this case would be to promote child restraint devices through legislation and distribute free safety devices and information on domestic safety. (Barton and Bloor, 2000: 30) Low income is also known to be a big factor in high smoking in class 5. Contact Chris Thesis! OHN states that it is harder to sars paper stop smoking when you are worrying about how to make ends meet and people often smoke as a way to cope with stress. One study found that one third of children lived with a smoker and contact this increased to 57% with working class.
One of the priorities in (OHN) is the desire to cut the number of people smoking by school coursework, 2010, in order to reduce death rate from cancer by one fifth. Plans have included the development of smoking cessation clinics and restriction of tobacco advertising, in an attempt to protect young people. (Ham, 1999: 84) There is a strong relationship between a child's social class and their educational attainment. A good education gives children the confidence and chris capacity to make healthier choices and english essay translation the ability to improve their own and their family's future. (OHN) (SLOHN) notes that people with low levels of educational attainment are more likely to have poor health as adults, and so by improving education for all will tackle one of the main causes of inequalities in health. (SLOHN) has developed many strategies to do so. These include, 'Cooking for kids', a programme that provides facts about nutrition and chris pearson preparing food. This is an racism essay, attempt to cut coronary heart disease and contact chris pearson thesis cancer, by providing children of an understanding of what fulfils a healthy diet. To French Essay! Also is the 'Active Schools programme', which attempts to lay the foundation of lifelong positive attitudes towards health and fitness. Poor educational achievement and teenage pregnancy are also closely linked. (OHN) Barton and Bloor (2000) state that there is evidence that the contact thesis teenage pregnancy rate is higher among lower socio-economic groups, with poor educational attainment. 1000 Essay Contest! Evidence suggests that effective 'sexual health programmes', involving provision of contact pearson thesis, condoms and sexual negotiation training in schools is a good method of dealing with the issue of teenage pregnancy. English! Barton and Bloor, 2000: 31)
Unemployment is often associated with low incomes. When problems such as poor housing, unemployment, low pay are all combined peoples health can suffer. Unemployed men and women are more likely than people in work to die from cancer, heart disease, and suicide. Contact Chris Pearson! People living in more deprived industrial areas of sars research paper, England and Wales are more likely to contact be treated for depression than people living in any other area. For example from 1994-1998 there were 34 per 1, 000 males in sars deprived industrial areas and 77 per contact pearson 1, 000 females, however in suburban areas there were, a smaller total of sars research paper, 21 per 1,000 males and 55 per 1, 000 females being treated with depression. (OHN) An explanation for high depression among the contact chris working classes may be that they are more likely to english like in chris deprived areas with high unemployment and word essay the unemployed often loose social ties from work. Compared to people with lots of social ties, the socially isolated were six times more likely to die from contact a stroke and three times more likely to nursing coursework commit suicide. (SLOHN) has promoted a, 'Welfare to Work' programme, which will attempt to equip people with the education and skills they need to get jobs and keep them. These links with poverty all make sense, as high rates of death and contact pearson disease are usually where the standards of living are lowest. The Health of the Nation 1998, sought to promote individual responsibility, rather than acknowledging the link between economic and social deprivation and health. (Moon and word essay contest Gillespie, 1995: 208) Under (SLOHN) it is easier to chris thesis escape from the benefits trap into work, through tax and benefit reforms. These include Working Families Tax Credit, the Childcare Tax Credit and a national minimum wage.
Areas of social deprivation containing high proportions of people from lower socio-economic groups tend to have access to poorer health services, even though their need is greater. Le Grand (1978) emphasised that higher socio-economic groups benefited more from the National Health Service (NHS) than lower socio-economic groups. (Ham, 1999: 193): The Acheson Report (1998: 113) reiterates the latter point by noting that, there is nursing coursework a positive relationship between levels of deprivation in an area and contact hospital admission rates. This suggests that higher admission rates into hospital could reflect poorer access to primary and community care services among lower socio-economic groups.. OHN notes that consultations for preventive health care were lower in young men in social class 1V/V and in council tenants rather than owner-occupiers. The Black Report (1982) states that even though working class patients had been with the same practice for ben bernanke thesis, longer, the doctors seemed to have more knowledge of the personal and domestic circumstances of their middle class patients. An earlier study found that middle class patients were more likely to be visited by their G.P. when in hospital. (Black et al., 1982: 71) Jones (1994: 175) claims that the middle class are more knowledgeable than the chris working class about health and medicine, which is a reflection of their higher levels of education. They are more critical and display greater confidence in asking questions and so receive longer consultations with their General Practitioner (GP's) to discuss their problems. Research in the 1970's found that a middle class patients average consultation lasted 6.2 minutes and a working class consultation only lasted 4.7 minutes. 1000 Contest! Jones states that patients who are satisfied with the consultation are more likely to contact pearson follow their doctor's advice.
Jones (1994) also claims that the nursing school geographical distribution of resources favours middle class areas and this has been true throughout the century. She also states that the direct costs of treatment and formal care were removed with the NHS but not the chris indirect costs of transport and days of work. This may be why there is a lower take up of paper, preventive screening among the lower classes, as they cannot afford the chris pearson transport or the time of work. Barton and research paper Bloor (2000) state that given the incidence of disease is greater amongst selected individuals, there is need for a more targeted approach to reducing inequalities. They claim that taking account of the recipients of services and aiming to increase the uptake of services in working class communities could reduce inequalities dramatically. (Barton and Bloor, 2000: 20)! Another argument has been put forward, for the apparent differences in quality of health among different social classes by Illsley et al. Contact! (1995). He suggests that health may distribute people in to french essay translation the occupational structure and this explains the association between health inequalities and social class. They claim that ill health negatively affects the ability to work and thus, the healthy are more likely to contact be upwardly mobile in their jobs and the unhealthy are more likely to be downwardly mobile. Since some cases of ill health are found to be genetically transmitted, this 'social selection', will be reinforced by a natural selection over successive generations.
However there is word essay contest little evidence to support this argument. (Moon and contact chris Gillespie, 1995: 202) GEOGRAPHICAL cal1966's rationalisation hypothesis. Health inequalities are also evident in regional distributions of morbidity and mortality. For example OHN notes that in 2000 the infant mortality rate in the Eastern region was around one fifth less than the average for England at 4.4 per 100,000 live births, whilst in the West Midlands and Northern and Yorkshire regions infant mortality was one fifth higher than the average. 1000 Essay Contest! In Manchester boys can expect to live ten years less than boys in East Dorset and girls seven years fewer than their contemporaries in Somerset. The chances of contact pearson, dying from a circulatory disease are over undergraduate thesis, one quarter higher in chris thesis the North Eastern region than in the South Eastern region and racism in politics essay five year survival rates from lung cancer for men and women combined are highest in London at 6.1% and lowest in the North and Yorkshire and Trent at 4.4%, the average for England is 5.5%.
In 2001 81% of women aged 50-64 in the Trent region took up the contact chris pearson offer of screening for nursing school, breast cancer, this was 6.1% above the average for England and in London only 62% took up the offer, this was 13% below the average for England. Graham (2001) claims that the healthy districts are in more rural areas in the South-east of contact chris thesis, England. She claims that there is still a predominance of manual work in the old northern industrial areas where de-industrialisation has had an effect on health. Champion and Townsend, reported a net loss of three million manufacturing jobs in Britain between 1971 and 1989. Since the manufacturing and mining industries were spatially concentrated, so to were their effects. Graham notes that these areas experienced a high deterioration in health. (Graham, 2001: 143) As well as de-industrialisation, the lower socio-economic position of those in the north in comparison to the higher socio-economic position of those in the south can help to essay translation explain health inequalities.cogg ggr seggggw orgg ggk ingg fogg gg. Higher proportions of pupils in the south of England gained five or more passes at GCSE than in the northeast. Chris Thesis! There is a strong relationship between a child's social class and sars research paper their educational attainment.
A good education gives children the confidence and capacity to make healthier choices and the ability to improve their own and their family's future. (OHN)coae aer seaeaew orae aek inae foae ae! GENDER UpyY Visit coursework bd in bd fo bd for bd more project bd Do bd not bd redistribute UpyY. Macintyre (2001) argues that much research on the relationship between socio-economic status and pearson thesis health has been gender blind and this hinders us to understand the causal mechanisms which create and maintain the social patterning of racism essay, health. (Leon and Walt, 2001: 283) This work from www.coursework.info. Ruiz and Verbrugge (1997) state,cobe ber sebebew orbe bek inbe fobe be. The many clinical trials have been conducted only among men carry the assumption that results can automatically be applied to women as if they had been studied too. (Leon and Walt, 2001: 284). Gender inequalities in thesis life expectancy in amazon college application Britain are very marked. Mortality data for 1987-1991 show women living to 77.9 years of contact chris thesis, age on ben bernanke undergraduate thesis, average and chris men to 72.3 years on average. Calculations show that for 1994-1996 in the United Kingdom (UK), 70% of women will live to undergraduate thesis 75 years of pearson, age or more in comparison to 56% of men.
Busfield (2001) states that men's higher levels of mortality, are not matched by higher levels of paper, reported sickness or greater use of the health services, which might be a reason why they do not survive as long as women. Coronary heart disease in middle age leads to contact thesis more deaths in men than women. (Busfield, 2000: 25) HON states in 1998 that the proportion of men in english England and Wales who had received coronary heart disease during the year was 70% higher for men than women. Reasons for this difference may be due ? Two and half times more women than men are treated for depression in England and contact chris pearson Wales. (HON) This may be a result of domestic violence towards women. Intimate violence is english to french translation one of the principle factors resulting in health inequalities across gender specifically. It is noted that violence against women has serious consequences for both their physical and mental health and abused women are more likely to suffer from depression. (www.womensaid.org.uk) Under (SLOHN) there is a women's unit, which is working on tacking violence against women.. Fuhrer et al. (1999) undertook the 'Whitehall 11 study' and concluded that among the reasons why women experience two and contact chris a half times more mental health problems than men is that support networks such as marriage have a more positive effect for essay, men than women, and chris thesis that the trend in racism negative aspects in close relationships is greater in women. Women although they provide more support than men do not receive as much practical support as men. (Fuhrer et al., 1999: 81) In young men aged between 15 and 24 years of age suicide is the leading cause of death.
The reasons for contact chris pearson, this variation may be that women are more likely to seek help for a mental health problem and so appear in statistics more than men. And as a result of young men's failure to seek help suicide is three times more common among men than women. (HON) Macintyre (2001) notes that reporting illness could be seen as a sign of male weakness. (Lecture9 25/02/03) Prior and Hayes (2001) claim that the increased pattern of vulnerability among young men may be attributed to sars the impact of changing definitions of mental disorder. Diagnoses among young men are more often associated with dangerous behaviour in the mind of the public than those, precedent amongst young women. (Prior and Hayes, 2001: 544) Marx suppressed cal1966's functionalism theory. Women are at a disadvantage in later life in terms of mobility, however this is because they tend to live longer than men and so are more likely to develop chronic problems. (Busfield, 2001: 28); Socio-economic explanations may also help to explain gender differences in contact pearson thesis ill-health.
Women are predominantly the occupiers of part time work, which is known to have lower levels of pay and poorer conditions. Only 12% of higher professionals are women, compared with 75% of lower level non-manual workers. However even were women are working in professional occupations the median weekly full-time earnings for a women in 1986 was ?191 in comparison to men's ?244. These lower earnings could lead to higher levels of poverty among women. Also women bear a 'dual burden', having to care for children and home responsibilities as well as participate in the labour market, which could increase stress levels. (Arber and Gilbert, 1992: 3-7) (find out bout coronary and sars paper obesity lor)
Observed differences in both health status and health service use across ethnic groups have been variously attributed to cultural, socio-economic and contact chris thesis genetic differences as well as to the impact of individual and institutional racism. (Graham, 2001: 25) In 2000 the highest infant mortality rate was among babies of essay, mothers born in Pakistan, 12.2 per 1000, a rate more than double the overall infant mortality rate in England. The Health Survey for England (1999) found that one third (32%) of Black Caribbean women and one quarter (26%) of Pakistan women were obese compared to one third (21%) of women in the general population. (HON) Disparities between children from some minority ethnic groups and their peers also exist. It is known that Black, Pakistani and Bangladeshi children all perform less well at school.. Some authors (Navarro 1990) have interpreted their data as showing that differentials in contact chris mortality between ethnic groups are essentially due to income and class inequality. (Graham, 2001: 25) Abbotts et al. (2001) claim that after the undergraduate thesis migrant stage some ethnic minority and contact chris religious groups may continue to experience disadvantage and health patterns often reflect these experiences.
In Britain evidence of this is the Irish. Many of these immigrants settled in the industrial towns of the Northwest, where they found employment as labourers in heavy industry. Sars Research Paper! It is noted that the Irish form 30% of Glasgow's population. The Irish mortality rate is 26% higher than the thesis average population for all causes, and school coursework they have 52% more cardiovascular disease. At the age of 58 Irish Catholics in Glasgow were more likely to be in manual households, receive most of contact chris pearson, their income from the state, not to own their own home or car and to have left school at amazon application the statutory minimum age.
Abbotts et al. Contact Thesis! (2001) claim that there were anti-discriminatory attitudes towards Irish immigrants. (Abbotts et al. 2001: 1001-1004) It is also argued that racism exists in thesis the NHS for ethnic minorities as both consumers and chris employees. In the NHS the medical profession lack knowledge about diseases specific to the black community such as Sickle Cell Anaemia, which is research characteristic of Afro Caribbean's, this could lead to contact pearson thesis further health problems if a wrong diagnosis is given. Despite inequalities in 1000 essay contest the health of ethnic minorities and the general population, is contact thesis a lack of government, funded research in this area. (Jones 1994: 187) Some studies have produced evidence that bilingual information and interpretive services have helped to improve the health situation of ethnic minorities. (Barton and Bloor, 2000: 31) There is considerable evidence to paper suggest that in many countries there are differences in contact thesis health within the population both between different social groups and between different geographical regions. Such differences in health appear to ben bernanke arise as a result of unequal social positions, for example different social class, or membership of certain social groups such as ethnicity and chris thesis gender. They are compounded by essay, geography because people of contact pearson thesis, particular social classes or from different ethnic groups concentrate in sars research paper certain locations. (Moon and Gillespie, 1995: 197)
The extent to which your health is affected depends on how well off you are, whether you are a man or a women, where you are born and brought up and your ethnic background. Health is now broadly defined, and the wide social influences (relating to class, geographical area, gender and ethnic relationships) on standards of health are receiving increased attention. Contact Chris Pearson! (Jones, 1994: 172) (SLOHN) recognises that although individual behaviour is an aspect for well being, poor health can also arise from a variety of aspects such as individual behaviour, social and economic factors, such as employment situation and poverty and indeed genetic makeup. They also recognise that health inequalities exists between social classes, different areas of the country, between men and women and between people from different ethnic backgrounds. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Coursework essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you.
Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Racism In Politics Essay! Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Coursework work in your email box, in contact chris thesis as little as 3 hours. This coursework was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, The Essay Will Interpret Inequalities In Health Among The Sub . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/coursework/the-essay-will-interpret-inequalities-in-health-among-the-sub.php [05-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal:
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How to Write a Site Manager CV / Construction Manager CV. Site managers are employed across the industry in contact pearson thesis a wide range of disciplines. Despite worldwide economic problems and a slow down in construction, prospects for employment are still strong. This is because construction is an increasingly complex industry and higher levels of english to french essay training are now expected. When you write your Site Manager CV / Construction Manager CV, you need to be exceptional clear about pearson what level / type of projects you can manage. College Essay? Construction projects vary enormously and this affects the contact chris thesis scale of the jobs and salaries available - make sure your CV states the level of project you can manage otherwise your CV won't be considered. The location also influences the rewards, as construction managers frequently have to work away from nursing coursework their office base or even their own country. Such positions are likely to be the most lucrative and therefore most hotly contested. Professional CV services can transform your CV and contact pearson ensure that you are considered for amazon application the better paying jobs / contracts.
Bradley CVs has 23 years' experience in chris thesis producing CVs for the construction industry. What Challenges Does Your Site Manager CV / Construction Manager CV Face? It is certainly true that in the construction industry, it is possible to obtain good positions simply by sars, word of mouth or by contact chris thesis, submitting a brief career synopsis. Strong references from well-known employers in an industry where everyone knows one another can be enough on their own to gain a contract. Certainly, in some areas, a Construction Manager CV is not required. However, for the majority of construction manager jobs, submission of a CV continues to be required. In addition to all this, your Site Manager CV must be a highly effective marketing document. This means you must communicate your central messages effectively and powerfully. A construction manager can be self-employed or employed by a contracting company. Coursework? Either way, you face a number of challenges when writing a CV.
There is the challenge of presenting a work history that consists of contact pearson thesis many contracts, defying the school coursework confines of the traditional CV format. There is chris, also the need to express extensive technical knowledge, demonstrated in different situations. There is in politics, also the need to convey solid management and chris pearson leadership abilities skills. It is critical that training is perceived as being fully up to date. Undergraduate? Their value to thesis an employer is going to reside in knowledge of the latest processes and technologies, for that is where cost economies are going to be applicable. Managers must be able to locate the best solutions that offer greatest value. Targeting and amazon application Researching Your Site Manager CV. Your Site Manager CV needs to contact pearson be angled towards the interests of 1000 contest different employers, meaning you need a number of versions, or to revise one version for each application, when you're applying for a number of pearson site manager jobs. It is important, then, that you thoroughly research every opening and the lead organisation(s) in each project. One employer's vision of a successful project might be very different to another employer's. Do you know exactly what their mission statements and goals are?
Who is investing and where might this project lead in the future? A certain amount of information will be provided with the contract details, but you need to ensure that you have comprehensive background information for your Construction Manager CV. Future stages may yield fresh construction projects that would benefit from your wider knowledge, so the employer may be interested to know about more than your lead discipline. Try to conduct desk research by reading about essay what is happening with construction employers. Use jobs' and careers' websites, relevant news and information sites, professional associations' sites and trade magazines to strengthen and contact chris pearson thesis broaden your understanding of nursing school coursework your clients. Also network and talk to individuals who are already connected with this employer. Awareness of the employer's long-term goals will help you to shape your Site Manager CV on pearson every level.
It informs your profile or summary, as you can indicate your relevant knowledge, skills and experience at the outset. Achievements can be tailored to highlight results that are in line with the clients' current objectives, by mentioning the size and scope of projects you worked on as well as the outcome of projects. You can, of course, include details of contracts that are a good match for the current brief. Also, by knowing how the employer is positioned in the industry, you can ensure that you mention former contracts that will be respected and create an impact. A CV writing service like Bradley CVs knows what employers' in the construction industry expect to ben bernanke thesis see on your CV and can help you produce a CV that really grabs employers' attention. Construction Skills on Your Site Manager CV. Employers need to know about the nature of contact pearson thesis your project management. You may have worked as a single manager on application a small project, working directly with subcontractors and labourers. Or, you may have been one of chris thesis several managers involved in a major construction project such as a large retail complex or highway development.
No matter what the size of the project, you will have been responsible for the overall planning of the english essay construction work. The tasks you may want to include on your Site Manager CV may have involved some or all of the contact pearson thesis following: Analysing data needed for sars paper construction site planning. Planning the integration of mechanical, electrical and structural designs. Assessing construction plans and drawings. Thesis? Producing images using CAD (computer aided drafting), producing construction graphics, etc. Obtaining licences and permits as required, and ensuring regulations are adhered to. Supervising the delivery and racism in politics essay use of equipment, materials and tools. Do not present a long list in contact chris pearson thesis which you start with the skills that the majority of other applicants will also possess. Instead, organise your skills into a table, wherein the most current and desirable skills you possess will be seen first. Racism In Politics? You need to emphasise the technology requirements that match the contact chris thesis project.
If it requires standard skills, then you need to present the industry standard skill as your core skills set - in other words, you must show that you have completely mastered these processes. Licences, industry accreditation, security clearances and certification are important, as they establish you as a recognised professional in your industry. You may well be educated and trained to degree level or beyond in 1000 word contest the planning, design and construction phases of large construction projects - so make sure you include all this on your Site Manager CV. You will need to contact pearson thesis work with architects, engineers and other specialists in the industry. Your specialist IT knowledge needs to be comprehensive when it comes to using software for modelling and design, to guarantee the optimal use of sars research paper materials and equipment on chris thesis projects. Aside from the in politics essay construction process itself, you need to offer knowledge and experience in assessing potential impacts of the project. Does it comply with health and safety regulations?
Will it affect the environment? At different times, you will need to draw on your skills in engineering, project management and consulting. It is pearson, important to present your multiple skills with confidence. Paper? More than this, you must show that you can understand and thesis apply these in sars research contracts, while being motivated and passionate about doing so. You must ensure that you've outlined that you have all the above skills on pearson your Construction Manager CV, employers need to know that you have the required skills need to get things done within agreed budgets and ben bernanke undergraduate thesis deadlines. Need a better CV? Our executive CV service will produce a Site Manager CV / Construction Manager CV that lands you the job interviews you deserve. Construction Management Skills on contact thesis Your CV. As well as your qualifications and solid background in racism essay construction supervision and building sciences, you need to be stressing your business administration knowledge and contact chris thesis practice on your Site Manager CV. These elements support your management knowledge and skills, enabling you to see and evaluate the 'bigger picture'.
Your project management experience may include the following: Ensuring project is completed within budget and deadline. Estimating time and budgeting costs of each element of the project. Contingency planning for the unforeseen incidents and events. Managing, developing and sars tracking changes in the construction schedules and plans. Undertaking record-keeping and contact chris thesis reviewing as necessary. Supervising other personnel in nursing the construction project. Overseeing the contact chris thesis selection, hiring and management of direct construction employees and specialist subcontractors. As a Site Manager / Construction Manager, you need to demonstrate that you can work independently, entering a new project and communicating with many people in different companies, agencies, public organisations, etc.
The ability to prioritise work amongst many tasks, while responding to the priorities of other parties, is valuable. Flexibility and adaptability allow you to respond to english essay translation sometimes demanding schedules. Also vital are leadership skills. The construction manager needs to be able to lead from the front, motivating other people, understanding their needs and conflicts, finding solutions, listening to contact chris pearson thesis their input, etc. These are soft skills (transferable skills) that are generally intrinsic to amazon application essay your personality and approach to work. Integrity is invaluable. Contact Chris Thesis? While working on a contract, you may be privy to critical information, so it is important that employers are able to trust you. English To French Translation? Conveying integrity is difficult, but can be achieved by stating your values and motivations in pearson thesis your Site Manager CV (and cover letter), and by presenting past contracts with respected and school known clients. All in all, you need to assess yourself and identify your strengths in all of these areas. This comes together to form the core message that you will need to communicate throughout your CV, from the chris thesis Profile at the very top, through the ben bernanke undergraduate thesis Achievements, Career (or Contract) History, Skills and Qualifications sections.
Provide Evidence on Your Site Manager CV. For everything that you claim in your Site Manager CV - underpinning your core message regarding your technical construction and pearson management skills - you need to provide evidence. Sars Paper? The earliest point you can do this is in your Achievements section. Here you can include examples of chris pearson contracts and ben bernanke undergraduate projects that are relevant to the prospective employer. The more impressive your achievements are, the better, so long as you do not lose sight of their relevance to the advertised contract. It's usually better to contact pearson thesis focus on the larger projects where your role was more extensive. When writing these projects up in your Career History section, it may be best to ben bernanke thesis add detail beneath the entries for large projects, while leaving very short-term positions as single lines (you can even relegate them to a list of contracts at the end of your Construction Manager CV).
Every entry beneath your contracts should read like an achievement. However, always be sure to have documentary evidence in case it is asked for. This particularly applies to the quantification of achievements, for instance, when stating how much expenditure you saved, time or costs reduced, profit earned, numbers of sites, domains and servers, sales resulting from an e-commerce project, etc. Every employer hiring in the construction industry is on the look out for chris pearson thesis exaggerated claims, so it's important to stick to the facts, while presenting them boldly. If you are qualified to degree or postgraduate level, include details of this in your Site Manager CV, but omit details of your earlier education. Include apprenticeships if you completed one.
Be sure to include any professional accreditation or memberships, as this is english, vital in establishing your integrity and in establishing professional competence. Never assume that because an employer works in the same industry, they understand every project you refer to. Expand and explain, while remaining succinct. Contact? If their industry knowledge will inform them as to amazon college application the award or acronym you are using, then all well and good. If it won't inform them, then you will be wasting space with information they can't interpret. So, if explanation is required, give it (briefly). Qualifications on Your Construction Manager CV. More higher education establishments than ever are now offering three or four-year degrees or diplomas in construction management, engineering and contact pearson thesis science. Masters degrees are also available. Amazon College Application Essay? If you have completed such a course, include details in your Site Manager CV, highlighting your qualification in the profile, as this renders you particularly suited to a career with a large construction company.
While many employers do not require certification of their managers, there are just as many who prefer to contact chris pearson see this evidence. In the undergraduate thesis Qualifications section of chris your Construction Manager CV, include details of the degree, the essay grade attained, plus when and where you gained it. If you completed vocational projects, be sure to give details of contact these as well. Details You Should Always Include on a Site Manager CV / Construction Manager CV. When writing your construction management CV, you need to include the research paper following information.
The names of contact pearson thesis previous employers and your job titles. The number of staff you managed or who were involved on the construction project. The major projects that you have worked on and whether these were completed on time and within budget (if applicable). Your financial and budgetary responsibilities on each major project. Ben Bernanke? Your key responsibilities within the project. The detailed planning of all stages of construction, including workers, equipment and materials. The construction phase, including site inspections and checking materials, measurements and workmanship. Chris Thesis? Contact with managers, other subcontractors and the clients or agencies.
Any contemporary or cutting edge techniques and processes that you utilised within the project. How you successfully reduced costs / saved money on the project. How you improved efficiency / productivity on thesis the project. Any other achievements that have benefited the project. This is the kind of information that every employer will wish to see. However, it should always be shaped into chris pearson impressive achievements and interesting responsibilities - ideally, every responsibility should also read like an achievement, as impressive results are what will truly motivate the employer to college essay want to meet you. There are various job titles associated with construction management that you may include on your CV: project manager, site manager, general contractor, general construction manager, executive construction manager, construction superintendent are amongst them. Make sure you choose the correct job title based on what the employer wants. Stick to the Point on Your Site Manager CV / Construction Manager CV. Having researched the project you are applying to, it's important that you avoid straying from the core message of chris pearson thesis your Site Manager / Construction Manager CV, which is how you can further the employer's goals in the most effective, efficient way possible. In targeting your CV to each position, be sure to cut out anything that is not strictly relevant.
Unless you have completed a construction management degree, do not create long lists of skills you learned in formal education. Even if you do have this degree, focus on the secondments or placements that will illustrate how you can apply what you have learned in nursing school a real working situation. While individual skills are important at the early stage of contact chris pearson thesis your career, they are very quickly superseded by nursing school coursework, the hands-on experience you gain in the real world, where you can achieve real results. You should not assume that the employer will always know what you are talking about, so explain anything that may not be obvious. When doing this, be succinct rather than long-winded. Your sentences should be short and contact pearson thesis punchy, albeit professional and polished. Amazon College Application Essay? Use bullet points and chris pearson thesis avoid paragraphs altogether, as these are less readable. Regularly Update Your Site Management CV / Construction Management CV. Never assume that because your Construction Manager CV worked well for english to french essay you five years ago, it will still work well for contact pearson you today. Simply adding recent contracts as soon as they are completed is not the racism essay same as updating your CV.
As competition for positions on civil engineering projects becomes stronger (especially the higher up you get), you need to contact chris be constantly reviewing and tailoring your CV in order to show that your experience is contemporary. Be prepared to constantly review your Site Manager / Construction Manager CV with every application you make. Other pages a Site Manager / Construction Manager may wish to in politics view: Need a CV review? Discover the deadly mistakes that you've made and how to fix your CV and land far more interviews. PROFESSIONAL CV SERVICE. Would you like a better CV?
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